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Here’s How Washington D.C.’s Sewage Will Soon Generate Electricity

Here’s How Washington D.C.’s Sewage Will Soon Generate Electricity

Written by Joanna M. Foster

When the D.C. Water and Sewer Authority was first planning to build its Blue Plains wastewater treatment facility back in the 1930s, it seemed logical to choose a site that would minimize the cost of pumping water uphill. That’s why the facility, which today serves over 2 million people in D.C., Maryland, and Virginia and treats around 370 million gallons of wastewater a day, is located at the lowest point in all of the District of Columbia.

But the 150-acre facility, on the banks of the Potomac River, is now confronting the downside of what was once a strategic siting decision — the entire facility is extremely vulnerable to the flooding predicted by future sea level rise.

So while the existence of human-caused climate change is alternatively debated, scoffed at and ignored elsewhere in the nation’s capital, the D.C. Water Authority is investing millions into projects to protect a city’s water from sea level rise, storm surge, and the type of destruction brought by Superstorm Sandy.

D.C. Water isn’t alone. Across the country there are a handful of water and sewer utilities that are going above and beyond meeting basic requirements, choosing instead to invest in infrastructure and research to become more efficient, more self-sufficient, and more resilient to climate change.

Construction has already begun in D.C. on a 17.2 foot-high sea wall designed to protect the plant from a 500-year storm surge that could otherwise flood D.C. with raw sewage. The sea wall will cost an estimated $13.2 million and is expected to be completed in 2021.

D.C. Water is also investing $450 million on an on-site digester that will transform its daily 120 tons of treated solid waste into enough natural gas to keep the plant running even if extreme weather knocks out power to the area.

Biosolids once sent to surrounding farms for use as fertilizers, will now stay on site and be processed by 4 anaerobic digesters. An anaerobic digester is essentially just an airtight tank filled with a special mix of bacteria, similar to what you’d find in the stomach of a cow. When organic waste goes into the digester tanks, the bacteria devour it and produce a biogas, which is mostly methane. The methane drawn off the four digester tanks will power three turbines that together can generate up to 10 megawatts of clean electricity. D.C. Water estimates that it will save $10 million each year on its electricity bill after the system is completed this summer. The digesters will also help reduce the overall carbon footprint of the facility.

“At the turn of the century, we looked at wastewater just as a public health issue, it was all about keeping people from getting sick” said Lauren Fillmore, Senior Program Director at the nonprofit Water Environment Research Foundation. “And then in the 1970s, with the Clean Water Act, we started dealing with everything else in the water besides pathogens that was damaging the environment. Now, we are just starting to look at wastewater management as really water resource recovery.”

Longer term, there are also plans being considered to install 50 acres of solar panels on top of the Blue Plains treatment plant. The solar panels could generate an additional 8 megawatts of electricity. D.C. Water is currently the largest consumer of electricity in the District.

Elsewhere in the country, the Philadelphia Water Department is using heat recovery technology and anaerobic digesters to reduce its reliance on the grid. In Gloversville-Johnstown, N.Y., a small wastewater treatment plant not only uses a digester to generate energy from its own biosolids, it takes the waste byproducts of a yogurt producer nearby and generates energy from them too. There are similar projects at wastewater facilities in Sheboygan, Wis., Ithaca, N.Y., and Oakland, Calif.

“In terms of climate readiness, it doesn’t get any more basic than protecting water,” said Fillmore. “And D.C. Water is really leading the nation in making the most of the opportunities preparing for the future provides, to become better at what they do.”

This post was originally published in ThinkProgress

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Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

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110 comments

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9:19PM PST on Jan 24, 2014

Very cool, thanks!

12:29PM PST on Jan 24, 2014

thanks

5:20AM PST on Jan 22, 2014

Yeppers, there is enough bullshit in washington DC to power the entire country!!

2:01AM PST on Jan 22, 2014

I think creating power by this resource that would otherwise have been nothing more than another problem is great no matter how much power is created. Also, being someone who lives in DC, I wish people would remember/realize that the year round residents are not the ones creating the problems.. It's the elected officials sent here by the voters of the 50 states that are the ones generating the shit. If you want less shit elect better candidates to office.

8:09PM PST on Jan 21, 2014

Quote "D.C. Water is also investing $450 million on an on-site digester. This methane drawn off the four digester tanks will power three turbines that together can generate up to 10 megawatts"
Keep your prospective.
One industry standard Alstom GT13E2 2012 natural gas turbine can produce 565 MW. Full time. The Futtsu, Japan. power station that operates at 4,534 MW by utilizing five units. One turbine unit is 1,520 MW.

7:52PM PST on Jan 21, 2014

Thank you.

2:07PM PST on Jan 21, 2014

We should use urine diversion composting toilettes instead of expensive sewer systems. Close the cycle, and return waste to the land like nature intended, instead of chemically treating waste in expensive sewer treatment facilities. The E-Loo dry volt toilette, invented in South Africa, separates waste, and naturally evaporates it, leaving no pollution for our environment. We have the technology, and the urine diversion composting toilettes have been around for awhile. We just need to use them.

3:46AM PST on Jan 21, 2014

I hope Washington DC 's water and sewer department not only gets to net zero energy but also gets to break even financially so residents can have free water and sewer service.

3:45AM PST on Jan 21, 2014

I hope Washington DC 's water and sewer department not gets to net zero energy but also gets to break even financially so residents can have free water and sewer service.

6:02PM PST on Jan 20, 2014

Washington D.C., perfect since they generate more shit than anyone.

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