Need a Job? Head Out to the Farm

The new crop of college graduates hoping to dive into the workforce this spring are up against tough odds. With a stagnant economy and 8.1% national unemployment rate, jobs are scarce. But there is one industry that has continued to grow despite the recession, and it is one that new grads should definitely consider: agriculture.

Conventional American agriculture has had its ups and downs. In the 1970s and 80s, farmers experienced a wide range of success, with grain prices initially skyrocketing and then land prices crashing. Today, “an average acre of Iowa farmland has doubled in value” since 2006 (Washington Post). Improved technology has made farming into a large-scale business, with farmers planting potentially thousands of acres.

Many agriculture programs that have seen declining enrollment numbers for years have also been rejuvenated. Rural high schools offer vocational agriculture training that allows students to pursue their interest in farming while still working towards a high school degree. And college-level agriculture programs allow students to specialize in one area of agriculture, as well as teaching them about the business aspects of the industry.

Unfortunately, large-scale Midwestern farming is not the most eco-friendly business around. Along with improved machinery comes more pesticides and herbicides to protect crops, but also leave an undesirable ecological footprint. Organic and alternative farming is not nearly as lucrative, but more sustainable over the long term if job-seekers are willing to invest the time, energy and innovation that it requires.

I spent the summer before my senior year of college and the first four months after graduation working on a small organic farm. It was an emotionally satisfying job — I put the seeds in the ground and watched the plants emerge. I didn’t have to worry about washing the produce before I ate it or gave it away, because I knew that nothing chemical had been sprayed on the plants. But it was tough. A significant portion of the crop fell to Japanese beetles, aphids and weeds, and there wasn’t much I could do about it.

Last fall, I switched sides and worked for an industrial farmer, harvesting corn and soybeans throughout the fall. The equipment was state-of-the-art, with a GPS-driven combine and enclosed tractor with air conditioning and radio. I got paid much more, and worked more hours (sometimes 17 hours a day). We harvested 2,000 acres over an 8-week period, and there was definitely some satisfaction in knowing that some of the corn we harvested would be make into ethanol. But it wasn’t the same as organic farming, because I knew that what I was doing ultimately wasn’t good for the planet.

Recent high school or college grads may well find that conventional farming is a great way to make some money and get set on their feet after graduation. But the real riches will come from the efforts to make organic and sustainable farming the norm in America.

Related Stories:

Is Organic Agriculture Bad for the Environment? Another Reason to Eat Locally

Creating a Recipe for Globally Sustainable Agriculture

It’s A First! Maryland Students Must Be ‘Green’ To Graduate

Photo credit: Aiko, Thomas & Juliette+Isaac


sheri denato
Past Member 4 years ago

good article!

Vicky Pitchford
Vicky P.4 years ago

not everyone wants to work on a labor intensive farming job..

Troy G.
Troy Grant4 years ago

A lot of people are heading out to the farm to plant pot. Its the biggest cash crop in America, thanks to the WOD.

Loo Samantha
Loo sam4 years ago


Jamie Clemons
Jamie Clemons4 years ago

Organic can definitely be profitable but there is no way it can be as profitable as a factory farm they just don't have the size to compete.

John Mansky
John Mansky4 years ago

Thank you for the article...

Richard B.
Richard B.4 years ago

By the way, we need help on the farm.

Richard B.
Richard B.4 years ago

"Will organic agriculture eventually be as profitable as conventional farming?" Some organic farms already are as profitable as conventional. A lot of planning has to be done to eliminate "waste". Connect the input of one process with the output of another. In nature, there's no such thing as waste. There's only man-made waste, some of which nature hasn't figured out how to deal with.

Richard B.
Richard B.4 years ago

"A significant portion of the crop fell to Japanese beetles, aphids and weeds, and there wasn’t much I could do about it."

By using companion plants and predator bugs, one can bring down the pests to a manageable level without pesticides.

Kevin Cline
Past Member 4 years ago

Thank you