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New Study Offers Hope In Preventing Childhood Pneumonia Deaths

New Study Offers Hope In Preventing Childhood Pneumonia Deaths

In the Haripur district of northern Pakistan, Lady Health Worker Naseem bibi counts 1-year-old Usama’s breaths before successfully treating him for pneumonia. As you can see here, Usama is one of the lucky ones. Pneumonia is the leading cause of child mortality worldwide — killing more than 1.4 million children each year. The bitter irony of course, is that pneumonia is both preventable and treatable, but in the developing world, where the local health clinic may be hours away, and access to even the most basic medications can be hard to come by, children are dying needlessly.

A new study in the medical journal The Lancet, however, shows that children treated with simple antibiotics in their own homes by frontline community health workers — such as Pakistan’s Lady Health Workers — are more likely to recover from severe pneumonia than those referred to health facilities.

“Pneumonia is highly treatable with inexpensive antibiotics, yet it remains the world’s number-one killer of children,” said Carolyn Miles, President & CEO of Save the Children, whose organzation conducted the study. “Today’s results point to an extremely promising and practical way to reduce child deaths from severe pneumonia in the hardest hit communities. Training and supporting more frontline health workers is at the heart of the solution.”

The study, coordinated by the World Health Organization (WHO) and released on the eve of World Pneumonia Day, followed 3,211 children with severe pneumonia in the Haripur district and compared the outcomes of treating children with severe pneumonia at home versus traditional healthcare facilities. It found treatment failures were cut in half when patients were treated in their homes.

“Our study aimed to show that children can recover just as well from severe pneumonia when treated at home as when referred to a health facility. In fact, we found that frontline health workers treating children at home can be even more effective,” said the study’s principal investigator, Dr. Salim Sadruddin.

To date, WHO guidelines do not allow for treatment at home when pneumonia is defined as severe. Healthcare workers are instructed to administer the first dose of an antibiotic and then refer the family to a healthcare facility.

Dr. Elizabeth Mason, Director of WHO’s Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health, said: “The results of the Pakistan trial are very promising, and we will be looking closely at future studies. If we see similar results in other places, we can update the global guidance to make treatment much more accessible for families, help governments make the most of limited resources, and save more children’s lives.”

Pneumonia kills more children each year  than AIDS, malaria and measles combined. World Pneumonia Day, marked each year on November 12th, was established by the Global Coalition Against Child Pneumonia “to encourage efforts among donors, policy makers, healthcare professionals and the general public to combat the disease.”

For some more facts about pneumonia, and what you can do, take a look at this World Pneumonia Day video:

Related stories:

Newborn Death Rates Decline Worldwide

UN Calls For More, Better Trained Midwives

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Photo credit: Save the Children

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25 comments

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6:57AM PST on Nov 27, 2011

A very interesting article indeed.

12:20AM PST on Nov 19, 2011

noted with thanks

11:00AM PST on Nov 18, 2011

These new studies will do nothing to stop the pneumococus from doing it's worst, because they refuse to accept that pneumococcus is often carried by the very people who lose immunity against it.

Their governement and culture prefer to see them die than to change the mentality....it is called loosing control if you do!

11:20PM PST on Nov 17, 2011

Thank you for the article.

5:10AM PST on Nov 15, 2011

people who eat a perfect diet cannot get sick?

11:36AM PST on Nov 14, 2011

A good programm for saving children from pneumonia.

12:58PM PST on Nov 12, 2011

this is good news, thanks for sharing this

8:54AM PST on Nov 12, 2011

good, I know it helps in the long run

3:39AM PST on Nov 12, 2011

thats great

1:06AM PST on Nov 12, 2011

These new studies will do nothing to stop the pneumococus from doing it's worst, because they refuse to accept that pneumococcus is often carried by the very people who lose immunity against it. The reason is that they are low in vitamins and minerals especially Vit D3.and K2 .It is an optimum dietary issue which will never be resolved with medical drugs and vaccines. Further more the use of a simple remedy such as ionic silver can quite easily take care of pneumococcus as well as all other streps, staphs , haemophilus and meningococcus. But the medical industry ignores such cheap and simple solutions , because they can't make money out of them and it also goes against the UN depopulation agenda 21 which aims to exterminate 90% of the worlds population.

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