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Single Mothers in China Face Massive Fines

Single Mothers in China Face Massive Fines

Unmarried mothers in China could be fined 162,000 yuan (more than $26,000) under new regulations. The city of Wuhan, the most populous city of central China, has drafted an ordinance under which a woman who “cannot provide appropriate licences from her partner” or who “knowingly bears the child of someone with another spouse” must pay a “social compensation fee” in keeping with provincial family planning laws.

The fee amounts to something more than six times the disposable income of the average resident of Wuhan, according to the Global Times, a state-run newspaper. Beijing and Guangdong province have adopted similar measures, which reinforce a long-held stigma against single mothers in Chinese society.  ”An unmarried woman with a child can be a constant source for rumours and gossip,” says a 2010 article on a government website, China.org.cn.

The cruel effect of China’s policies regarding unmarried mothers was exemplified last week, after a newborn baby boy was recused from a sewer pipe in an apartment building in the city of Jinhua in Zhezhiang province. The baby’s 22-year-old mother told police that the child had ended up in the sewer system accidentally. After he was found and released from the hospital, the baby went with his mother and his grandparents but, says the Guardian, is unlikely to receive any formal support. The baby’s mother said that his father has refused to support her and that she could not afford an abortion.

Wuhan’s proposed regulation shows yet again how, to the Chinese government, maintaining social order is of a paramount concern even if it endangers vulnerable members of society. China has also been seeking to silence those protesting child sex abuse. Feminist activist Ye Haiyan (she is also known as “Hooligan Sparrow”) was beaten up in front of her 13-year-old daughter last Thursday and then detained on charges of assaulting those who had attacked her, The Atlantic reports.

Ye’s “crime” was to bring the sexual abuse of children by officials to light. Earlier this month, a school principal and government official were caught with six underage pupils in a hotel room. Ye posted a picture of herself on Sina Weibo (the equivalent of Twitter in China) with a sign reading “School principal: Get a room with me [if you need to]. Let go of the students!” According to the Offbeat China blog, there have been no fewer than eight separate cases of children being sexually molested by either teachers or government officials in the past 20 days.

While the Global Times usually adopts a conservative viewpoint, it has published an article that says that Wuhan’s proposed ordinance to fine unmarried mothers is an “unfair idea.” Noting that “in China, bearing a child out of wedlock is viewed as immoral,” the article states that such cases are “often complex and cannot be judged by a one-size-fits-all measure.” The new regulation simply “undermines social fairness” as it is mothers who are penalized while “the responsibilities of the fathers” are ignored.” Even more, the poor are “seriously” affected by such regulations, which have “almost no impact on the rich.”

A law such as that proposed in Wuhan could only result in “more cases of abortions and infant abandonment,” the Global Times continues.  Already, there are as many as 13 million abortions occurring every year in China, mostly among young, single women who no doubt not only fear society accusing them of immorality but also the effects on their prospects for work and their futures.

Chinese demographers are describing the One-Child Policy as among the “deadly errors” of recent Chinese history. Penalizing unmarried mothers, rather than offering ways to help them have “better livelihoods,” could be yet another.

 

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134 comments

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7:37PM PDT on Jun 16, 2013

And to Will R yes there are other countries that have similar problems with over population but unlike the Chinese they have not introduced the one child policy which the Chinese did many years ago and as a result because of their culture that a son is more valuable than a daughter they are now finding that there is a shortage of women of child bearing age and there is a culture forming similar to others where they are employing marriage brokers where the family of a woman can take the highest bid and force her into marriage. So don't you think this policy of fining a woman who has a child out of marriage a bit ironic?

7:31PM PDT on Jun 16, 2013

Isn't it amazing that once again it is the woman and the child that suffers. Doesn't it take two to make a baby that was what I always thought. And if his already married shouldn't he be punished as well and take responsibility (oh no not that word again) for his part. The Chinese males take medicines that are made from endangered animals to aid them in their sexual performance but will not take responsibility ( and agin that word) for their performances. Still what is right for men is not right for women.

3:17AM PDT on Jun 14, 2013

Noted..

1:16AM PDT on Jun 14, 2013

Sounds like ironic & hypocritical nightmare...

6:23PM PDT on Jun 13, 2013

What about the fathers? That is horrible.

1:48PM PDT on Jun 13, 2013

I guess the father who doesn't step up to the plate to help these single moms get off scott free.

11:22AM PDT on Jun 13, 2013

What China is doing, the 1-Child-Policy and everything else, because there are 'too many people' is completely wrong, ethically, but also it's unsustainable. It's only making things worse - causing there to be more elderly, who do not work and so don't pay taxes, than there are young, working-age people who can support them! Whoever thought of that policy, hasn't thought about it well enough...

4:57AM PDT on Jun 13, 2013

And this is the country that we are most indebted to & is trying to get us to change our currency (along w/other nations) to a world currency. Unreal! The way some of these countries treat women (& really all human & non-human animals) is sickening. Not that the US isn't getting close...

4:11AM PDT on Jun 13, 2013

I feel a little in between about this - as i understand that the govt do not want to further over populate China, but at the same time if you expect women to have abortions they should at least be free... and the abuse delivered to these poor women is just wrong in every way imaginable
The fines forced upon the unmarried new mothers are just way too high as well.. how is a single woman supposed to afford all this?
If they are going to insist on keeping their 1 child only law i feel they have to make abortion a free & safe option that young women will feel safer doing

12:24AM PDT on Jun 13, 2013

It's wrong that the woman should bear sole responsibility. This is a communist country with free health care, open ended contraception and a revolutionary progressive one child policy that the world would do well to emulate. It is a vast country with a population density less than holland, UK, Germany, Israel, most European countries - in fact there are 80 countries more densely populated than China. There are many abuses that they and we are guilty of, we have one of the highest rates of single mother births in the world and child abuse rings, but when we do it we blame the abusers and individuals, whilst when they do it, we blame their state! The hypocrisy on this forum, the denial, the claims that only China is guilty and that nothing they do is decent. Their society, like ours appears to be broken, but at least they try to do things to fix it, unlike us.

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