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The Brutality of ISIS and What it Means for Iraq

The Brutality of ISIS and What it Means for Iraq

There’s a lot of confusion about the swift successes of ISIS in Iraq. It seems like overnight this group came out of nowhere and took Mosul, Tikrit and a number of other towns in northern Iraq. The Iraqi army ran, confusion reigned in the press and even their name bounced back between ISIS and ISIL (technically it’s the same thing but let me explain that in a moment). So who is this group and how did they manage to overtake northern Iraq in a matter of days?

ISIS stands for the Islamic State of Iraq and Al Sham (Al Sham meaning the Levant, or Greater Syria). ISIL is the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. So as you can see, they are basically the same thing, but ISIS uses the Arabic word ‘Al-Sham’ for the region. Made up of Sunni Muslims, ISIS is pushing for a Sunni Caliphate across the Levant.

ISIS formed during the height of the Iraq war. They fought alongside Al Qaeda and other Sunni groups, taking part of the sectarian clashes that Iraq became infamous for. When the Syrian war began they saw recruitment opportunities (and the possibility to flex a little muscle) so off they went.

Sunni vs. Shia

There has been sectarian violence for ages between Sunnis and Shias. Yet in Iraq, it was kept under the stranglehold of Saddam Hussein. For some time in the capital it was fairly normal for them to live side by side, without constant clashes.

However, when Saddam was ousted, a huge rift that began to form between the communities. Soon Baghdad became dangerous for both groups. If you were injured and taken to a Shia hospital and they found out you were Sunni you would be left for dead. Likewise, any family that came into claim you would also be in danger.

The U.S. underestimated this clash and lacked knowledge on how to handle it. Most ‘experts’ the U.S. had tapped on the region, including John McCain, famously said in April of 2003 that the Shias and Sunnis had no history of discord between them. This statement would almost be funny if it weren’t so scary, considering that we are still listening to McCain’s thoughts on what we should do in Iraq now. The reality is, we’ve never solved these clashes. Bombs and sectarian violence has been a weekly ongoing feature in Iraq since the U.S. overthrew Saddam. And with Iraq’s current leader stoking interfaith violence, it’s likely to worsen.

How ISIS Won Affection

Nouri al Maliki, the Prime Minister of Iraq, tries to distance himself from this violence, but has had a premier role to play in the ISIS takeover. Maliki, a Shia, has been responsible for numerous policies that helped pit Shia and Sunni against each other.

There has been very little reward for Sunnis remaining loyal to the current regime. In 2008, a number of tribal Sunni leaders worked hard, and risked their lives to kick Al Qaeda cells out of their cities and provinces. They were promised political inclusion and social rewards, but somehow that promise was forgotten.

Meanwhile in war torn Syria, ISIS was pulling off something that looked frighteningly benign. They held food drives, healthcare drives, and created an almost carnival-like atmosphere where people felt welcome to come and speak with them. This is the Islamic way, they would tell the people, and we are all equal and taken care of. In essence, ISIS made themselves look like the good guys.

Teenage boys, who had grown up witnessing years of violence with little prospect of a future outside a refugee camp, joined the group out of desperation. They were promised riches and power and ISIS has, in fact, delivered on that promise.

After raiding numerous banks in Iraq, ISIS has become the wealthiest terrorist group on the planet, with over 2 billion dollars to their name. For Sunnis who are living in squalor and discontent, ignored by a government that does not represent them, joining the ISIS brotherhood can feel like a step in the right direction.

Yet with international media nipping at their heels, the real brutality of ISIS is coming to light. The leader, Abu Bakr al Baghdadi has been denounced by Al Qaeda for their over-the-top indiscriminate violence (yes, really), and in recent days unconfirmed reports that they slaughtered over 1,700 Iraqi military men in one afternoon shows the kind of destruction they’re capable of. Even further, ISIS has shown no mercy for Sunnis that don’t wish to join them, slaughtering them en masse as they see fit. They’ve also banned smoking, forced women to veil, and imposed Sharia Law.

What Are We Doing Now?

As ISIS advances on Baghdad, we’re seeing an influx of normal, local men joining the Iraqi army. Hundreds have lined up at recruitment offices, out of fear of watching their capital fall. Further it’s been reported that the government has been showing Shia shrines and playing Shia anthems on national TV, stirring up religious fervor between the rival groups.

Obama has sent a number of troops back to Iraq. These troops are not for ‘combat’ as Obama puts it, but merely to back up and help re-train the Iraqi army. However, many have expressed skepticism over the likelihood of avoiding combat, especially if Baghdad falls.

It’s clear we are seeing the consequences that sloppy planning during the Iraq War has generated. While experts warned both administrations, multiple times, about sectarian violence and creating new terrorist groups, America was certain the ‘seeds of democracy’ would grow. Now we see what over a decade of discontent looks like, in the form of militant extremists.

There is no easy way out of this, no staunch ally we can call upon that isn’t linked to terrorist groups or dictatorial regimes. So in this instance, it would do us well to remember the past. Our guns haven’t brought peace and stability yet, and with our head-in-the-sand understanding of the region, it’s unlikely they ever will.

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178 comments

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9:18AM PDT on Sep 8, 2014

This is so sad. I wonder if it will ever end.

11:24AM PDT on Aug 8, 2014

RELIGION KILL'S,DESTROY'S AND CONQUERS!!!!!!! THERESA R.

5:41AM PDT on Aug 8, 2014

Doing nothing again the murderous and extremely brutal IS terrorists means most of Iraq and Syria will go lost into perverted into an Islamic caliphate. A thread for the whole world. Hundred of thousands are fleeing now, thousand have been killed already and all people in newly seized areas who do not subdue to the terrorists will be killed.
The weak POTUS who has left a gigantic gap of power in this region is eventually re-acting (not a man of proactive politics and not any grain of salt doing better as his stupid forerunner)). Very, very late.

4:04PM PDT on Jun 26, 2014

Dear Cedar the only hell is what we make for ourselves by listening to our needs of ego. What we see in other is lessons for ourselves and when we forgive ourselves with unconditional love for our negative thoughts then we get closer to waking up from our dream.

7:14AM PDT on Jun 25, 2014

No one should be surprised at this. It doesn't help to repeat that the war with Iraq should never have happened. I'd guess that G.W. Bush & Cheney will have a long stay in hell. I can't imagine that there is anything we can do now- other than stay out- that will make the situation any better. Apparently rather than being the opiate, religion is the war-provoking stimulus of the people. This is just too sad.

12:47AM PDT on Jun 25, 2014

I would like to bring everyone's attention to my petition to humanity, its in the faith section and is called "Rejection of making our dream world real. If everyone put out the thought of this petition by signing it then problems that we are seeing such at this new fabrication of terrorist called Isis will no longer exist as we will all waking up and changing our thoughts.
Just imagine the power of a million or more positive thoughts generated from those reading my petition to humanity. The power to change our dream is in each and every one of us. Love and Light to all of you, my dear Brothers and Sisters We are part of each other and part of One.

8:16PM PDT on Jun 24, 2014

I am sorry that some people have to much hate to stop fighting. No matter how much you fight some one...some where with kill you. Remember the tough gun fighters? there was someone who just know they were faster. At some time there was someone faster. The war 'games' being acted out is not any different to me. There will be someone with bigger and better war weapons and logistics. Not having war will be a good thing to me. I sure hope people grow up fast enough to stop any more wars. There are to many atomic bombs on our planet...that is scary to me.

12:18PM PDT on Jun 24, 2014

It is a shame that Scott Ritter was ignored. Today's conflicts were predicted prior to the start of the Iraq war. When will America learn to just say NO to war? Violence is the last refuge of the incompetent and G W Bush proved this statement more than anyone.

10:49AM PDT on Jun 24, 2014

Most of the ISIS terrorists were trained in unconventional warfare tactics by U.S. Army Special Forces, in secret bases in Jordan and Turkey .. they also received weapons & funds from the U.S. to help fight the Syrian Army. With this support, ISIS then attacked the Iraqi Army trained in conventional, "bang-and-boom" tactics by the U.S. Army. When it comes to conflicts with terrorists and/or insurgents, an unconventional approach wins almost every time. For example: In Vietnam, the U.S. was winning the war with an unconventional approach that was then changed to a conventional approach by the U.S. Army ... and as a result we lost the war. This history is found in a study, posted on Google, entitled "Buon Enao Experiment ... JP Harris." We never seem to learn.

In Iraq, the ancient and sustained conflict between the Sunni, Shia and Kurds has prevented the formation and operation of a viable nation state. If they are intent on killing each other, the U.S. can do little to resolve the issue. The long-term problem is that ISIS seeks to impose its radical beliefs and practices on all nations and peoples. With ISIS gaining more and more power, this is an issue that Obama lacks the skill or experience to deal with.

8:59AM PDT on Jun 24, 2014

The last time what we call the Middle East was stable was in the 4th century BCE under the man who cut the Gordian Knot and made several cities at the edges of his realm with his name.

Kandahar and Alexandria are the two most famous. The only problems were that Alexander died young and gave his kingdom "to the strongest"

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