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“The Colonial State Ends Here”

“The Colonial State Ends Here”

On January 25, a new Bolivian constitution was approved by voters that grants more power to the indigenous majority.

“Brothers and sisters, the colonial State ends here…Now Bolivia is being refounded,” declared President Evo Morales to a crowd gathered at the presidential palace.

President Morales, an Aymara, became Bolivia’s first indigenous president in 2005. Though indigenous groups including Quechuas, Aymaras and Guarani constitute the majority of the country, they were only granted the right to vote in 1952.

Key points to the new constitution include an entire chapter dedicated to indigenous rights, equal status between indigenous systems of justice and the state system, and the possibility for President Morales to run for re-election in December 2009. In addition, the constitution gives the state control of key economic sectors such as natural gas, and places new limits on the size of land for private ownership.

Although the constitution passed with 60 percent of the vote, there is a strong opposition held by mostly the wealthier (and whiter) provinces of the country, expressing alarm at Morales’ socialist policies and his alliance with Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez. Such opposition has led to provinces declaring autonomy from Bolivia, as well as a violent outburst in September when 20 Morales supporters were killed.

Benjamin Dangl and April Howard, journalists and editors of online news magazine, interviewed a number of citizens on Election Day in the capital city of La Paz. The supporters and opponents of the new constitution revealed deep divisions of class and ethnicity, but it isn’t as clear cut as one may assume…

Check out their observations, interviews and photos of Election Day in La Paz.

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1:33PM PST on Jan 28, 2009

Most reports on the passing of the new constitution in Bolivia claim that its effects will be divisive to that nation. This constitution gives real right to many indigenous groups living I Bolivia that previously did not excise any. The country might have appeared undivided because the only voice that was heard was that of the forces in power. This is a peculiar vision of unity. With this vision the old Apartheid South America was a dream of national unity. I have followed the pro-indigenous developments in this Hemisphere on my blog and this indigenous victory yesterday in Bolivia made me genuinely happy!

Especially after seeing last Friday both parts of “Che” with Benicio del Toro at the heights of his actorship. Part one, Cuba. Part two, Bolivia. Disciplined nonsentimentality and a very un-Hollwood script. Co-produced by Del Toro. Yea, “Che”, you were in the right country after all, just a bit early. You had vision. Not merely to die there. This victory yesterday is your as well!

4:15AM PST on Jan 28, 2009

I am very happy for this new road that the indigenous people are finally taking. We are so much embbeded with our white ethnocentrism that we don't realize the right for every people and country to govern themselves and make their own decisions: land control and sharing, culture, language... Whether we agree or not, it is their right! Hope this might be the beginning of the end of so much abuse against native peoples around the world

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