6. A warpainted lizard who’s very shy
Scientists found another lizard, Gonatodes timidus, that also has spectacular colorings in Guyana. Part of this gecko’s Latin name, timidus, fittingly means “shy” or “fearful,” as the lizard has a “tendency to avoid being seen by humans” and is very quick to escape between rocks.
7. A purple flower with long, flowing “hair”
Passiflora longifilamentosa was found in a six-year-old reforested area of the Saracá-Taquera National Forest, Pará State,in the northeastern Brazilian Amazon. The flower can also be found in French Guiana, in “a largely untouched, poorly explored area.” There are more photos of this stunning flower in this article by the scientists who discovered it.
8. A fish whose lips turn gray
Apistogramma cinilabra was found in a small forest lake in Peru; its red spots distringuish it from other species of Apistogramma. The adult males are territorial and, when aggressive (and when mating), their lips turn ash-gray (cinis is Latin for “ashes” and labra means “lips”).
9. A big-eyed snake
Chironius challenger is a colubrid or vine snake; such snakes are mildly venomous, with fangs located in the back of their jaws to aid venom delivery. The new snake was found in Maringma Tepui, described as a “flat-topped, sandstone” snake in the Pakaraima Mountains on the Guyana-Brazil border and named after Professor George Edward Challenger, a character in Arthur Conan Doyle’s 1912 novel, The Lost World.
10. A fish with dark blotches
Dicrossus warzeli, with its distinctive rows of dark blotches, was found in Brazil’s Rio Tapajos and exclusively in clearwater streams with sandy bottoms littered with leaves. The fish take their name from Martin Warzel, who collected and who first imported the species to Germany.
11. A river stingway
Potamotrygon tatianae is a river-dwelling sting ray that is found only in Peru. It has unique features including a “single row of dorsal tail spines,” a “relatively longer tail posterior” and a “closely packed and highly convoluted vermicular [worm-like] pattern” on its dorsal disc. Potamotrygon tatianae takes its name from the late Tatiana Raso de Moraes Possato, who was “an enthusiastic researcher” of chondrichthyans, cartilaginous fish with jaws.
Photo of Passiflora longifilamentosa by Joao Batista Fernandes da Silva; all photos thanks to the World Wildlife Fund
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