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Tigers Make a Comeback: Something to Roar About

Tigers Make a Comeback: Something to Roar About

In a small triumph, the population of tigers in India and Thailand has grown. At the very end of last year, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) reported that the numbers of tigers have increased in some protected areas in those two countries, thanks in part to significant government effort.

In India, in the Western Ghats region of Karnataka State, there are now some 250 to 300 of the giant cats, a quadrupling of their population from some 30 years ago. In Thailand’s Huai Kha Kaeng wildlife sanctuary, there are now about 50 tigers.

These numbers are tiny when compared to the estimated 100,000 tigers who lived in forests from Turkey to Russia to Indonesia at the beginning of the 20th century. Tigers now occupy only some 6 percent of their historic range and number about 3,200 in the wild, a drastic decline that is directly the result of humans hunting the big cats and encroaching ever further into their habits.

As Cristián Samper, president and chief executive of the WCS, says to the New York Times, “If the conditions are right, tiger populations can recover, though there’s still plenty of challenges.”

In particular, those conditions involve the active, if not aggressive, support of governments.

Saving Tigers in India and Thailand

The WCS started to address the catastrophic decline in the world’s tiger numbers in the 1960s in India. To count tigers, the WCS uses camera traps, which enable them to record tigers’ unique stripe patters using the same fingerprint-matching software that criminologists use. The Indian government also stepped off law enforcement resources to fend off poachers and address conflicts of tigers with humans.

These combined efforts have led to a 50 percent increase in the tiger populations in India’s Bhadra and Kudremukh tiger reserves and to the WCS seeking to apply what it has learned to other areas, specifically Thailand’s 1,042 square mile Huai Kha Kaeng sanctuary: for all that this was a protected preserve, the area has been the site of “epidemic poaching,” to feed a global black market for tiger parts (pelts, bones, reproductive organs and meat).

Thanks to stepped-up anti-poaching efforts, the Thai government not only broke up a “notorious poaching ring” but gave the gang leaders prison sentences of up to five years, the most severe ever for such charges. The camera traps proved more than valuable as they provided evidence in court that tigers from the Huai Kha Kaeng sanctuary had been poached. According to the WCS, since then, “there have been no known tiger or elephant poaching incidents in the park.”

Russia Tightens Laws, Creates a New Tiger Sanctuary

In another positive sign, the WCS reports that the Russian government is drafting a new law that will make the transport, sale and possession of endangered species not (as it currently is) a civil crime, but a criminal one. Previously, poachers have been able to claim that they have found tigers and other endangered species dead, thereby avoiding harsher penalties for poaching.

In addition, Russia has created the Central Ussuri Wildlife Refuge, ensuring that tigers can cross its border with China under protection. The new refuge links the main population of Amur tigers, Russia’ Sikhote-Alin tiger population, with “some of the best tiger habitat in China’s Heilongjiang Province in the Wandashan Mountains.”

Government and Conservationist Partnerships Are Key

In protecting an endangered species like tigers, government support is crucial, as Alan Rabinowitz, the head of the conservation organization Pantheraemphasizes. ”An N.G.O. along can’t accomplish this alone — the government really has to step up and put in its own law enforcement resources,” he notes. Saving tigers is a “team effort” requiring “collaboration with governments, law enforcement, fellow conservationists, and local people, we can save these big cats across their range,” the WCS’s Executive Vice President of Conservation and Science, John Robinson, says.

The WCS acknowledges that not every individual tiger can be saved; in Vietnam and Laos, conservationists have “written tigers off as a lost cause.” As Robinson notes, the WCS is focusing its efforts on 42 “source sites” — where there are at least 25 breeding females — in India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Russia and northern China where there is a “realistic chance of protecting tigers”; it is currently working in 24 of these.

Saving tigers and other endangered species is not rocket science, but it does take intense efforts to fend off poachers and requires governments and conservationists working together.

 

Related Care2 Coverage

5 Endangered Animals (Besides the Panda) in China

5 Species That Made a Comeback in 2012

Can Tourism Benefit India’s Tigers?

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Photo by Mahesh_Patil/Flickr

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263 comments

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9:23AM PDT on Oct 1, 2013

well not only do we have to get the younger ones on board, we have to start at the root of the problem, the demand has to stop. Tiger parts that the Chinese think are giving them such great benefits, that is were this must start.

9:23AM PDT on Oct 1, 2013

well not only do we have to get the younger ones on board, we have to start at the root of the problem, the demand has to stop. Tiger parts that the Chinese think are giving them such great benefits, that is were this must start.

4:11PM PDT on Sep 30, 2013

A great big pat on the back for all those working to save tigers. We can do accomplish anything anywhere if we stay united. These poachers had to learn how to be evil from someone. It starts with the young children. We need an international human and humane education program from our tots to our teens. I'm standin and roarin for tigers!

4:27PM PDT on May 21, 2013

Great news!

8:35AM PDT on Apr 10, 2013

its a step NOW TO GET THE CHINESE TO DO THE SAME!!! and they wont!!

12:32PM PST on Feb 5, 2013

Hope it continues, thanks!

10:19AM PST on Jan 28, 2013

Good news. Hope tigers can make it.

10:18AM PST on Jan 25, 2013

thanks for sharing :)

4:11AM PST on Jan 25, 2013

Thanks for the good news. Welcome back dear Tigers.

2:38PM PST on Jan 24, 2013

It is wonderful to hear stories that are encouraging makes you feel good to know that things are looking up for tigers, just wish that the rest of the animal kingdom could progress forward, it has to be up to the layman to stop wanting all or parts of the animals to help stop the poaching.
But thumbs up for the brilliant efforts being made.

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Kristina Chew Kristina Chew teaches and writes about ancient Greek and Latin and is Online Advocacy and Marketing... more
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