Finally, Some Good News About U.S. Education

It’s been awhile, but it looks like U.S. schools are finally doing something right. According to the 2012 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) — also known as “The Nation’s Report Card” — minority students are making gains and shrinking the learning gap between them and white students.

The improvement in scores is all the more notable as English-language learners and students with disabilities are now being included, as Peggy Carr, the head of testing for the Education Department’s National Center for Education Statistics, notes to USA Today. About 50,000 students take assessments in reading and mathematics at the ages of 9, 13 and 17.

The Department of Education first began to track reading in 1971. Based on the results of testing from 2011- 2012, African-American 9-year-olds have decreased the reading gap with white students from 44 points to 23 points, scoring 206 on a 500-point scale in 2012; the average score for white students was 229.

Hispanic students have lessened the gap between them and white students from 34 points to 21 points — their score was 208 –since 1975 when the Department of Education started tracking their scores.

As Washington D.C.-based Education Trust, which advocates for low-income and minority students, says, the latest NAEP results “put to rest any notion that our schools are getting worse.”

What Should We Do To Maintain These Gains?

The latest statistics show great gains among students. But we need to keep in mind that the scores minority students receive now were those of white students in 1971. In addition, the gains in testing scores for reading were not seen in older students. 13-year-olds scored higher in both reading and mathematics than students in their groups in the 1970s. But 17-year-olds showed no change in their scores in reading and math, though the lowest-performing did improve their scores.

The Education Trust points out that education in the U.S. is not moving fast enough to keep up with changing demographics. In 1978, 80 percent of U.S. students were white; 13 percent were black, 6 percent were Hispanic and 1 percent were Asian. But in 2012, 56 percent of students were white, while 15 percent were black, 21 percent were Hispanic and 6 percent were Asian. The U.S. Census Bureau predicts that, by 2020, more than half of Americans under 18 will belong to a racial or ethnic minority group. Already in Texas, the majority of students are from what can really not be called “minority” groups anymore.

The Education Trust emphasizes that we need to keep doing what have been to keep reducing the learning gap rather than seeing it widen again. We must keep schools accountable for students’ academic performance, provide a “rich curriculum” and quality teaching teachers. We also need to keep funding public schools, especially in lower-economic districts. And, of course, we really need to target issues like disproportionately higher rates of suspension and expulsion for African-American and Hispanic students and look into issues like special education, which minorities are overrepresented in. Are too many minority students receiving a label of, for example, ‘behavior problems,” rather than something like an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis?

One final point made in the report regards readings for pleasure. At age 9, 53 percent of students say they read for fun at home almost every day. However, by age 13, only 27 percent did, and at the age of 17, only 19 percent still read for pleasure at home. Notably, while the number of 9-year-olds who report reading for fun has stayed the same since 1984 (when the question was first asked), it has decreased over time for 13- and 17-year-olds.

As the NAEP comments, “at all three ages, students who reported reading for fun almost daily or once or twice a week scored higher than did students who reported reading for fun a few times a year or less.” Even if it’s not to raise test scores, it certainly does help to read a book.

Now the question is, in the digital age that we live in, how can we motivate students to continue to read as one way to help them maintain the educational gains they’ve been making — and even improve on them?

Photo from Thinkstock

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.1 years ago

I have never ever got this type of informative and easy contents yet I enjoyed reading these.accounting homework help

Eternal Gardener
Eternal Gardener2 years ago


Harley Williams
Harley W.2 years ago

I live in Texas. The majority of students I teach are Hispanic. But in the neighborhoods I grew up in that was always the case.

We have a hard time getting any students to read. I have lost count of how many times I have heard students say I hate reading. I try to share my love of the written word. Right now I am reading the first book of the life of Teddy Roosevelt. I wish we had another president like him.

Cynthia F.
Cynthia F.2 years ago

This is encouraging news. Thanks for sharing!

Deborah W.
Deborah W.2 years ago

Can't expect anything different than what is ... stuffing kids just beginning to learn into groups of others who've progressed to the middle or high end and expect the same results. Welcome to reality. Unfair to hold back advancement earned while playing catchup.

Perhaps a transitional program to serve as an entryway could fairly handle some of the problems stated here ... also requires regular attendance and commitment by teachers, students and parents.

nonya bizness
mike hankins2 years ago

Doing something right?i have a child In all honors classes in the 9th grade and from what i see of what he's being taught the gap is being closed from the top end and just dumbing everyone down

Sue Matheson
Sue Matheson2 years ago


Stephen Brian
Stephen Brian2 years ago

Is this actually a gain for minorities, or just a matter of schools failing white students even worse than before? How have the scores progressed over time?

Natasha Salgado
Natasha Salgado2 years ago


Sydney Myers
Sydney M2 years ago

As a homegrown Californian who has both substituted in the high school classroom, as well as counseled junior and senior high school students (as a counseling intern), I believe there needs to be more of a focus on cultural issues as opposed to racial ones. What I mean by that is the focus should take a child's country of origin into consideration, regardless of the color of their skin.

Back in the day (when I was a school kid) our California schools were able to proudly boast about being number 1 - or not far from it - in terms of test scores and student achievement. These days, the vast majority of school-age children in the Golden state are Latino. Most of their parents have very little education, as it is only required in Mexico to attend school through the 3rd grade. Some of the children who enroll in American schools are thus attending school for the first time, or have missed many grades. As a counselor I couldn't help but notice that so many junior and senior high school students were failing practically every class, including their Spanish language class (?). Other notable problems include: parents who rarely if ever show up to school meetings, children being pulled out of school to babysit younger siblings / work in the family business and / or even travel back to visit family in Mexico for weeks or months at a time. Many of these children - as well as their parents - do not seem to view education as a priority in their lives. Many don't even seem to be able to