US Includes Itself in Human Trafficking Report for First Time
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced the release of the 10th annual Trafficking in Persons Report, the world’s most comprehensive report on government efforts to combat human trafficking.
For the first time, the U.S. is being included in the report. Clinton writes, “The United States takes its first-ever ranking not as a reprieve but as a responsibility to strengthen global efforts against modern slavery, including those within America. This human rights abuse is universal, and no one should claim immunity from its reach or from the responsibility to confront it.”
The U.S. is placed as a “Tier-1″ country, meaning the government complies with minimum standards for eliminating trafficking. Still, the report cites it as a “source, transit and destination country” for the industry.
Countries who have not complied to international standards, listed as “Tier-3″ countries, include Papua New Guinea, Kuwait, Sudan, Cuba, Mauritania, the DRC, Saudi Arabia, Eritrea and Zimbabwe.
Some notable statistics of the report include:
- 12.3 million adults and children are in forced labor, bonded labor, and forced prostitution around the world, with 56 percent of these victims being women and girls
- The industry generates $32 billion annually.
- 49,105 victims have been identified worldwide, a 59 percent increase since 2008.
- In 2009 there were 4,166 successful trafficking prosecutions, a 40 percent increase from the previous year.
- There are 62 countries that have yet to convict a trafficker under laws in compliance with the Palermo Protocol.
- There are 104 countries without laws, policies, or regulations to prevent victims’ deportation.