Western Black Rhino Declared Extinct

Sad news today: The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has declared the Western Black Rhino (Diceros bicornis longipes) of Africa extinct. Even worse, two other subspecies of rhinos are also close to becoming extinct. The Northern White Rhino (Ceratotherium simum cottoni) of central Africa has been declared “possibly extinct” in the wild and the Javan Rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus) is now “probably extinct” in Vietnam.

In 2010, poachers killed the last Javan Rhino outside of Java. The animal was found dead in April 2010 with a bullet in its leg and its horn removed in Vietnam in Cat Tien National Park; an analysis of 22 dung samples affirmed the sad truth, that it was the last of its kind in Vietnam. The Indonesian island of Java still has a small but declining population.

Rhinos have been targeted by poachers for their horns which are believed to have medicinal and other properties, such as curing cancer, in traditional Eastern medicine. Says Simon Stuart, chair of the IUCN Species Survival Commission:

“They had the misfortune of occurring in places where we simply weren’t able to get the necessary security in place.

“You’ve got to imagine an animal walking around with a gold horn; that’s what you’re looking at, that’s the value and that’s why you need incredibly high security.”

The IUCN blamed a number of factors for the Western Black Rhino’s becoming extinct, while noting that, had conservation efforts been implemented, this could have been avoided. But a “lack of political support for conservation efforts in many rhino habitats,” as well as international organized crime groups that have targeted the rhino, commercial poaching and an increase in demand around the world for rhino horns have all contributed to the species’ decline.

Just as worrisome, the IUCN says that a quarter of all mammals are now at risk of extinction, according to its updated Red List of endangered species which includes more than 61,900 animal and plant species. Included on the list are Tarzan’s chameleon (Calumma tarzan), the limbless skink (Paracontias fasika) and the Chinese water fir, once found throughout China and Vietnam.

On a far more positive note that highlights the value of conservation programs, the Southern White Rhino (Ceratotherium simum) and the Przewalski’s Horse (Equus ferus) have been brought back successfully from extinction. At the end of the 19th century, fewer than 100 Southern White Rhinos were believed to be alive, but now their numbers are thought to be over 20,000. Przewalski’s Horse was last found in the wild in 1996. Thanks to a captive breeding program, its numbers are now over 300.

Related Care2 Coverage

Wild Rhinos Get GPS Implants To Deter Poachers

Rhino Poaching in Africa Up 2,000%

Rhino Horn Powder Offers No Health Benefits

 

Photo by ZooPro via Wikimedia Commons

94 comments

Julie Botsch
Julie Botsch2 years ago

Thank You. How Sad!

Claudia Acosta
Claudia Acosta2 years ago

:(

Annette M.

I am so shocked and sad over the extinction of the western rhino!!!!!!!!!!!!ALL POACHERS SHOULD BE SHOT ON SIGHT ,The rangers know what these scum are doing !IIwish i could get my hands on them i would have no qualms about kiling them !

Amandine S.
Past Member 3 years ago

This is awful. I am really saddened by this news.

Debbie Bush
Debbie Bush3 years ago

This is absolutely disgusting and appalling. What a senseless waste. No concern for life. For absolutely no reason. This sickens me.

Elena B.
Elena Bonati3 years ago

Very very sad...

Mary ann S.
mary ann s.3 years ago

We are killing our world and what's in it bit by bit. Its not slowly its at an alarming rate!!

Duane B.
.3 years ago

Thank you for sharing.

Will Rogers
Will Rogers3 years ago

With the exception of the Yangtze River dolphin, there is one similarity in the extinction of these animals.......European expansion. It seems that we killed most of the animals,and while we are conservation minded now, we weren't when we needed to be, and now it's too late. We are doing the same things with elephants and other big game animals, we killed them in the millions and now want to blame the Chinese, when it was us who killed so many of them that it made their populations unsustainable.

Darla Taylor
Darla Taylor3 years ago

How horrible.