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Why Is Russia In Such a Hurry to Clean Up Its Human Rights Wrongs?

Why Is Russia In Such a Hurry to Clean Up Its Human Rights Wrongs?

In just the past few days, Russia has significantly upgraded its record on human rights. It has announced amnesty for the 30 jailed Greenpeace activists who were arrested and accused of piracy after being seized on their ship, the Arctic Sunrise. It has said that Maria Alyokhina and Nadezhda Tolokonnikova, jailed members of the feminist punk collective Pussy Riot, could be released before the end of their sentences in March of next year. MPs in the Russian Duma have voted in favor of a wide-ranging amnesty for at least 20,000 prisoners including minors, disabled people, veterans, pregnant women and mothers.

To top off the show of clemency, Putin announced at his annual four-hour press conference in Moscow that he will pardon former oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky, who has been imprisoned for a decade.

Analysts say that Putin appears to be making haste to clean up Russia’s human rights record ahead of February’s Winter Olympics, which will be held in the Black Sea resort of Sochi to defuse any diplomatic tensions prior to an event that Putin has made his pet project.

But anyone who thinks that there is something fundamentally different going on in Russia needs to think again. The timing of Putin’s clemency is perfect, occurring just enough before the winter games start to give any foreign officials vacillating about attending time to decide to show up in Sochi. In the weeks leading up to the winter games, media outlets will now be making many a mention about an apparent turnabout in the Kremlin.

Khodorkovsky — once the richest man in Russia as head of the now defunct oil giant Yukos — and his fellow defendant Platon Lebedev were convicted of stealing oil and laundering money in 2010 after they had already served time for tax evasion. Khodorkovsky, who supporters have long argued is a political prisoner, is to leave jail next August. Khodorkovsky’s lawyers and mother say that he had not mentioned anything about a request for clemency to them. As his mother Marina said to the Russian BBC, “I spoke to Mikhail last Saturday for about three minutes, but we did not discuss this. He only asked about my health.”

Look closely at Putin’s language and it is clear that he holds the cards and is controlling not only the situation but the message. The Kremlin is claiming that Khodorkovsky had made a request for clemency and that he himself had “signed” it. At his press conference, Putin said that he had never received such a request from the jailed businessman before. Noting that Khodorkovsky has been imprisoned for more than ten years already, Putin emphasized that “humanitarian circumstances” were the reason for the pardon.

In another show of magnanimity, Putin announced on Tuesday that Russia would give Ukraine a $15 billion bailout and discounts on natural gas as a “gesture of good will” to a “sister nation.” The deal is nothing less than a “lifeline” for Viktor F. Yanukovich, the Ukraine’s President who has been contending with an economy nearing crisis and, ever since he backed out of a proposed trade pact that would have brought his country closer to the European Union, has faced civil unrest in the form of thousands of protesters occupying Independence Square and key buildings in the capital of Kiev. Thanks to Russia’s bailout package, it is very unlikely that Ukraine will seek to revive the pact with the E.U. anytime soon.

Having granted temporary asylum to no one less than Edward Snowden, the former contractor for the National Security Agency who revealed the government’s pervasive and aggressive surveillance programs, Putin can be said to be racking up the foreign policy successes. He has certainly left European officials at an awkward loss with the bailout deal for Ukraine and you can expect he’ll be basking in Russia’s shining new human rights record at Sochi. It is well to remember that, as and Francesca Ebel write in the Guardian:

Since returning to the Kremin in 2012, Putin has presided over the worst clampdown on human rights since the Soviet period. The Duma has enacted new laws compelling non-governmental organizations that receive foreign funding to register as “foreign agents”. Opposition demonstrators who took part in anti-Putin protests face long stretches in jail. There have been show trials against a dead man – the lawyer Sergei Magnitsky who exposed massive official corruption, and died in prison in 2009 – and against the opposition leader Alexei Navalny.

A law banning “gay propaganda” and Putin’s overall harsh stance on gay rights have gained widespread global criticism. The Russian president has orchestrated this precisely as “part of a wider political strategy to shore up the Kremlin’s conservative base,” especially after the anti-government protests in 2011-2012 that were “largely centred on Moscow and led by the country’s restive middle classes.”

Khordorkovsky was indeed pardoned and released on Friday and is now in Germany. Alyokhina has been released from prison and given amnesty — which she has promptly called a “PR stunt” — and Tolokonnikova is also to be freed on Monday.What remains to be seen is what happens in Russia after Sochi and after the Greenpeace activists, Alyokhina, Tolokonnikova, Khodorkovsky and thousands of other prisoners are released (assuming that they are). At the first sign of dissent, will they again be placed into detention, sent to work camps and Putin’s propagandizing take on their beliefs all that is heard?

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Photo via Support to Free Khodorkovsky & Lebedev/Flickr

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76 comments

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2:19PM PST on Dec 29, 2013

It is all window dressing to try to bring in more income and prestige for the olympics. None of these changes would have been made had the olympics not been assigned to Russia and Russia being on a deadline. The olympics never should have been given to russia. After the olympics it will all be back to normal tyranny. I would like to hope that Obama's (and hopefully other leaders) refusal to go to Russia had a small part in pushing Putin to at least making the changes temporarily. Hopefully, Greenpeace can get out of range before Putin's fabricated generoscity fades. When they were first taken into custody he, himself, stated there was no reason to hold them.

8:08PM PST on Dec 28, 2013

I am glad that the Pussy Riot women and the Greenpeace activists have been freed, whatever the cynical political reasons behind it. They did not deserve to be imprisoned for their actions.

1:48AM PST on Dec 28, 2013

Thanks

4:59PM PST on Dec 27, 2013

Since when is it a human right to carry out lewd protests in someone's church? On the other hand, apparently the US doesn't violate human rights with its radioactive depleted uranium munitions, cluster bombs, drone strikes, millions of prison inmates, and people in Gitmo and other offshore prisons who were never charged with an offense. Obviously Russia is by far more concerned with human rights than the US who has been showing its true colors for quite some time already. Ever since the US has tried to force fascist regimes with death squads etc. on everybody around the world, one wonders why this country even dares to mention human rights. Honestly, when it comes to human rights, Americans hardly have room to talk or a leg to stand on. Nobody violates human rights with the fervor Americans does that with. Oh, and who is spying on everybody including friends and the pope? It's not Putin.

3:54AM PST on Dec 27, 2013

Thanks for posting!

2:22AM PST on Dec 27, 2013

pure manipulation of the publics perceptions urgh!

1:20AM PST on Dec 27, 2013

Due to the up coming Olympics

2:50AM PST on Dec 26, 2013

When are the Russians going to release the "Arctic Sunrise"? I thought that seizing a ship in international waters was "piracy"? Why are more countries not demanding that this ship be handed back to Greenpeace? Is it because all those countries are quite happy to have a Greenpeace protest ship out of action?????

10:45PM PST on Dec 25, 2013

Well according to Pussy Riot its a "PR stunt." Well basically, they are correct because Russia is holding the upcoming Olympics in Sochi. The following are the reasons: -
(A) Imagine, if the Khodorvsky, Pussy Riot and Greenpeace activists are not released... there are bound to be demonstrations at some of the popular Olympic sites. Not a good image for Russia if foreign TV picked up those images.
(B) Some of the uncontrolled demonstrations may result in more serious issues like injuries and deaths - more consternation for Russia to host a peaceful olympics.
(C) Already, many Western Heads of state are not attending the winter olympics because of the poor human rights record and the Ukraine debacle; Russia is require to fork out a hefty bill to pay for the Olympics and if there are only demonstrations and few support, the Russian economy are further heading to the red.
(4) Russia has already few support in the world and as a permanent member and powerful nation it has to change its image to attract its previous customers.

6:01PM PST on Dec 25, 2013

In any case, It needs to be done and if they are being released, go for it.

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