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Wine or Wildlife: Which Do We Want More?

Wine or Wildlife: Which Do We Want More?

The cultivation of grapes to make wine is extremely sensitive to climate. The term ”terroir” (from the Latin word for “land,” terra) describes the particular qualities that geographical features give to wine made from grapes grown in one place (Burgundy in France) versus another (Cream Ridge, New Jersey). Viticulture therefore provides a “good test case” for assessing the impact of climate change on an ecosystem.

Whether you’re an oenophile or not, a recent study on wine and climate change in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science offers some troubling predictions about the effects of wine production on the environment and wildlife.

Wine Production is Migrating North

Viticulture has traditionally been concentrated in places with a Mediterranean climate, in countries such as Italy and Greece and in regions including California’s Napa and Sonoma valleys. As temperatures have risen and rainfall fluctuated and even lessened, growers in search of a suitable climate for their grapes have been moving to other areas, with huge implications for “habitat quality.” Growing wine grapes entails the introduction of sterilizing chemicals and fertilizer as well as increasing demand on freshwater reserves, both for irrigation and for “misting or sprinkling” grapes to cool them, the study‘s authors write.

Based on 17 different climate models, the researchers predict a loss of up to 47 percent of land in Chile where, thanks to a Mediterranean-like climate, wine grapes are now cultivated. 59 percent of the land devoted to viticulture in western North America (most of which is in California) will be rendered inappropriate due to heat and loss of rainfall. In Australia, 74 percent of wine country will be lost; in Europe’s Mediterranean, 85 percent of the land currently hospitable to grapes will no longer be by 2050.

In the past decade and a half, growers have established vineyards in places such as British Columbia once considered too chilly. No less a region than the Rocky Mountains near the border between the U.S. and Canada has been demarcated as possibly suitable for viticulture one day, says Lee Hannah of Conservation International and one of the study’s authors.

Vineyards vs. Colorado’s and China’s Wildlife

Conservations have also been seeking to turn that very part of the Rocky Mountains into “a Yukon-to-Yellowstone corridor for unimpeded migration of various kinds of wildlife, like pronghorn.” Rebecca Shaw, another study author and a scientist for the Environmental Defense Fund, explains to the New York Times that grape growers moving into other regions has the “potential to threaten the survival of wildlife,” especially as mature vineyards offer little to native species and are indeed “visited more often by nonnative species.”

Indeed, China is in fact the world’s fastest-growing wine-producing region. As Hannah tells AFP,”all of its best wine suitability” is located precisely where pandas live.

The transformation of more parts of the earth into vineyards seems inevitable, at the expense of native wildlife. What do we want more, protecting pronghorns and panda bears or making sure we have enough petit sirah and pinot noir?

 

Related Care2 Coverage

5 Things That Won’t Exist if We Fail on Climate Change

Chopping Down Redwoods to Make Wine

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163 comments

+ add your own
8:19AM PDT on Jun 5, 2013

thanks for sharing

4:25AM PDT on May 13, 2013

Respect other forms of living life like us

5:11PM PDT on Apr 22, 2013

I don't drink and would rather have wildlife. Enjoying wildlife is a natural high that wine could never compare to.

8:04PM PDT on Apr 17, 2013

I do not drink wine or any alcohol. I prefer being able for my children and grandchildren to see the beautiful wild animals instead of pouring fancy grape juice.

9:46AM PDT on Apr 17, 2013

I can live without wine thank you very much. I could never live without wildlife. Life just wouldn't be worth it without wildlife.

10:34PM PDT on Apr 16, 2013

Wildlife we are all connected

10:00PM PDT on Apr 16, 2013

Easy! Wildlife- they are much more civilized than humans.

8:34PM PDT on Apr 16, 2013

Thanks.

7:47PM PDT on Apr 16, 2013

I agree with Nicole B. I remember wild grapes and the wonderful taste of both the grapes and the wine. We have become a species that NEVER seems to have enough. While we could get by with a few different varieties of wine, we just have to have hundreds to chose from. Nowadays you need a map to navigate a wine store, and bring your lunch because you're going to be there for a long while. Where we could downsize vineyards, we have to have the biggest. We overdevelop everything from our cities to our farmlands. We use up the water, the land, the fish and wildlife without putting anything back. Not only that, we don't take care of anything we have, including our roadways, dams, bridges, pets, and even our own children. We don't even really get to elect our own government officials - they are bought and paid for by oil companies and big corporations. Hell, we don't even own our country anymore. Government has overspent for so long that other countries own us. If they ever call in our debt we'd be up that proverbial creek without a paddle. I'm just wondering when the Wizard is coming to put everything back to the way it should be.

7:39PM PDT on Apr 15, 2013

We can live without wine.
We CANNOT live without wildlife

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Kristina Chew Kristina Chew teaches ancient Greek, Latin and Classics at Saint Peter's University in New Jersey.... more
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