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With Climate Change, Greenland Is Bracing For Exploitation

With Climate Change, Greenland Is Bracing For Exploitation

The ill effects of climate change are becoming well known, and now here’s another: The melting ice cap in Greenland has the country now bracing for a gold rush.

As the ice melts at record pace in Greenland, the world’s miners, oil workers and construction teams are planning to descend on the country in the next few years, to start digging below the retreating icecap for its ores, hydrocarbons and minerals.

In addition, the dramatic melt of the Arctic sea ice may within one or two generations locate Greenland on a vastly profitable trans-polar trading route between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.

Greenland is the world’s largest island, with a total area of around 2.2 million square kilometres. How is the country responding to these changes?

Prime Minister Aleqa Hammond Is Watching Carefully

It was at the end of March 2013 that 47-year-old Hammond became Greenland’s first female prime minister, ushering in the first change in parties in 30 years. Greenland is officially a part of Denmark, but has a great deal of autonomy in almost every area. The country is four times the size of France, but has a population of just 56,000.

At that time the new government of Greenland announced that it would not grant any fresh offshore oil and gas drilling licenses in the country’s Arctic waters and would also place existing licenses under greater scrutiny. The moratorium was a result of concerns raised by Greenpeace about the risk of oil spills and the fear that offshore oil and gas operations would increase climate change.

It seems that the Prime Minister has changed her mind.

Hammond is being courted by world leaders who see the Arctic as an emerging strategic zone.

Greenland Has Awarded Over 120 Licenses to Explore

Chinese, American, Russian, British, Japanese and Korean companies, among others, have all staked claims for its resources, and her government has awarded more than 120 licenses to explore for oil and gas, iron ore, uranium, emeralds and nickel as well as what are thought to be the largest deposits of rare earths vital for digital technologies outside China.

Greenlanders have traditionally lived in remote, scattered communities, largely supported by fishing and hunting, and Hammond is well aware that the arrival of tens of thousands of foreign workers will be as economically important and as culturally disruptive as anything in Greenland’s history.

“The shock will be profound. But we have faced colonisation, epidemics and modernisation before,” she says. “The decisions we are making [to open up the country to mining and oil exploitation] will have enormous impact on lifestyles, and our indigenous culture. But we have always come out on top.”

Should Greenland Be Encouraging the Gold Rush?

Not everyone thinks that handing out licenses is the right way to go.

Aqqaluk Lynge is chair of the Inuit Circumpolar Council which represents Inuits from Alaska, Greenland and Canada at the U.N. and other forums. He believes that if you want to become rich, it comes with a price.

“People have to imagine the consequences of what the influx of foreign labour will be. Being a minority in your own country, is that what you want? We have to be more realistic. We should be very careful inviting foreign mining companies. We have had experiences before when whole towns have been changed with the influx of Danish contractors. We lack experts in many areas like health. 56,000 people cannot [do] everything,” he says.

London Mining is one of the companies that has been granted a license. They have a 30-year permit to build an iron ore mine. They are expected to bring in up to 3,000 Chinese workers.

So in addition to gaining one of the top spots in the exploitation of Greenland, this British company is also willing to exploit the Chinese. Here is a clear indication of shady, unethical dealings that smack of former British colonialist attitudes.

The new rush on resources will also bring with it new health problems, as the invading foreigners are likely to import their sicknesses, including diabetes and heart disease.

Hammond’s response is simple: “The modernisation programme [of the past 30 years] has not helped everyone. The new developments will have profound effects on everyone but they are designed to make householders stronger. We need to find ways to help people adapt. We need the money to be able to help households.”

Who Will Make Money Out of Greenland?

Clearly, some people will make a whole lot of money out of Greenland, but who will it be? The people of Greenland? The people of the U.K.? Or the Chinese?

I’ll let you make up your mind.

The situation reminds me of Baja California; when I visited Cabo San Lucas in the early 1980s, it was a beautiful, unspoiled beach area with just a few hotels. Thirty years later, it has become a hotspot of nightlife for the rich and famous. But who is profiting?

The answer is: U.S. corporations, who have bought up the land and implanted their culture, milking the local Mexicans as well as the tourists for all they are worth.

I fear for Greenland.

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Photo Credit: Thinkstock

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131 comments

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7:22PM PDT on May 17, 2014

The greedy are salivating about the opportunity to exploit Greenland when the glaciers are melted. This is a tragedy.

4:48PM PDT on Apr 6, 2014

Planet Earth is finished. Humans have been trying to destroy it throughout their sordid psychotic histories, but now they have the ability to complete their destruction. What a sad end to such a magnificent place.

6:59AM PDT on Apr 4, 2014

I really do not want to see the residents there exploited, and I also hope very much that the ruins of the Norse homesteads are not damaged by any of this, I would like to see them someday and they are very important in the history of pre-Columbian expeditions to North America.

1:25PM PST on Feb 18, 2014

Darn. I hope Greenland gets their greed under control before it is too late. Like so many countries before once the rush starts, disaster follows.

6:41AM PST on Feb 16, 2014

"I fear for Greenland." BUt I certainly don't! Why? Glad you asked. I'll tell you. It's too late. The permits have been doled out. Expectations of Aleqa and her Greenlanders have metastasized and have become "The Griswolds". All they can see is a Walley World up ahead.

6:28AM PST on Feb 16, 2014

"...thousands of foreign workers will be as economically important and as culturally disruptive as anything in Greenland’s history"-- Aleqa gleefully proclaims a new horizon of mass chaos, lawlessness, increased crime, poverty and all else "Civilization" enjoys for the sake of "Progress."

6:25AM PST on Feb 16, 2014

This is what I call "Over Rape" of the Earth. Enough harm hasn't already been done to it. OH NO! It's not enough. Now you have humans wating like vultures. Biding their time for climate to warm up some more, melt the ice and then they'll jump in & plunder the environment. But what do they care?! They'll strike it rich.

6:21AM PST on Feb 16, 2014

When it comes to money, there's no shortage of cupidinous, greed, avarice and malfeasance in humans, as Aleqa Hammond- Prime Ministers or those below demonstrate. Shame on them.

7:12PM PST on Feb 13, 2014

thank you :(

3:56AM PST on Feb 13, 2014

@Michaela C,

You're absolutely right. Exactly my thoughts...

Only, there are good people, some are working really hard for the good of this planet and the humanity. I believe in these good people, I know a few of them, and I love them with all my heart. I wouldn't dare say who should disappear from the face of the Earth, but you're right - some people do just too much of damage for that to be discarded. Maybe I believe in Karma, and hope that she's immaculate are her job :) I am no saint myself but always try to do my best. Well, who knows what's going to happen. Whatever happens to humankind, Earth is going to survive and thrive again. I believe so!!

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