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Women Banned from Universities in Iran

Women Banned from Universities in Iran

A new policy in Iran, which was announced for the first time on August 6, will allow universities to ban women from 77 BA and BSc degrees, the New York Times reports. The new policy will go into effect in 36 different institutions in a country that has the highest female to male ratio in university settings in the world, according to UNESCO.

Women make up around 65% of university students currently, and this statistic has generally been perceived as a driving force behind enforcing the new policy. Some of the disciplines that will become single gender (aka male) include English literature, English translation, electrical engineering, business management, and computer science, the Telegraph notes.

Oil Industrial University plans to stop accepting female students completely, citing a lack of demand for female graduates. Isfahan University also cited jobless female graduates as a rationale for barring them from its engineering degree program.

Women have been outperforming men in the academic world for many years now in Iran. Three women to two men pass the university entrance exam currently and that statistic has many Iranian clerics concerned women are no longer performing as wives and mothers. Critics of the ban have expressed concern that the policy is an attempt to fracture and weaken the feminist movement in Iran, including Nobel laureate, Shirin Ebadi. In a recent letter she sent out, Ebadi said this about the new education policy:

[It] is part of the recent policy of the Islamic Republic, which tries to return women to the private domain inside the home as it cannot tolerate their passionate presence in the public arena… The aim is that women will give up their opposition and demands for their own rights.

So two different arguments have dominated the decision to block women from university. One posits that the ratio of students in universities needs to be equal, rather than a dominating 65% of women. The other rationale posits that female graduates are unwanted in the workforce. Both arguments inherently suggest that women should be wives and mothers rather than career-focused.

The accusations regarding the destruction of the feminist movement and an attack on female education have been brushed off by education minister Kamran Daneshjoo, who claims that 90% of degree options are still open to women. But it’s clear that women are being expressly barred from some degree options because they are women. One education official stated, “Some fields are not very suitable for women’s nature.”

Women’s education is currently under outright threat in Iran. The new policy will go into effect this coming fall when students return to campus. The New York Times notes that last year there was a close brush with the idea of outright segregating male and female students, which was finally stopped by president Mahmood Ahmadinejad, at the last minute.

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Photo Credit: Saba

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109 comments

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10:44AM PDT on Aug 27, 2012

Is anybody really surprised at this? in a country that will most likely lower the legal age (to be able to force a female CHILD into marriage) to NINE YEARS OLD. By all means, literally, keep them barefoot & pregnant as soon as physically possible, totally controlled & uneducated. After all, it is harder to control an educated intelligent female.

6:56PM PDT on Aug 26, 2012

love the brave woman in the photo, standing out from the crowd, and making a public protest about setting the record straight. Woman are strong and they can do it!

3:03PM PDT on Aug 26, 2012

Ignorance is not bliss. Bless these women who are fighting for their right to education.

7:27AM PDT on Aug 26, 2012

Well, Lauren - Women's rights decline in a direct ratio to the rise of all religious fundamentalism.

8:14AM PDT on Aug 25, 2012

Very sad....

8:41PM PDT on Aug 24, 2012

Eric H it really doesn't have anything to do with "understanding" them. Islam causes women to be totally submissive and uneducated. The Koran blames women for man's fall from grace. Hence, the scarves and the total tent some wear. They wear these things not to protect them, but to protect the men against the women. All this is openly discussed on numerous sites posted by Iranian women that have escaped the repressive regime in Iran. Iranian women have been achieving more equality and wealth. This means more independence for them. Not good for Islamic men who are afraid of the strength of the educated women in Iran. All this is rather straight forward in the Koran and teaching by the Imams. I am not for a war, but Iran is a leader in terrorism world wide. It is the regime not the people that is a threat to the world. Now that women have a taste, they will not let it go.

8:33PM PDT on Aug 24, 2012

GOP is getting excited just reading this news...

7:27PM PDT on Aug 24, 2012

Denying education is a well tested tactic for the Iranian government. They have been denying education, any, to members of the Baha'i Faith. The Baha'is set up an online university education system and private home schooling. These facilities were raided and all the computers were destroyed. The teachers were jailed. On the level of home schooling, 10 teenage girls were arrested and executed.

10:25AM PDT on Aug 24, 2012

If I were a woman living there I know my father the excellent man that he is would do everything in his power to move me and my sister anywhere in the world where I could have a happy and productive life.

9:28AM PDT on Aug 24, 2012

Noted....

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