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Big Cat Attacks Spike Due to Growing Exotic Pet Trade

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Big Cat Attacks Spike Due to Growing Exotic Pet Trade

It may or may not surprise you but owning a crocodile, a chimpanzee, a lion, a tiger and a menagerie of other exotic animals is not only legal in many states and countries, it is also a booming multi-billion dollar industry. People typically buy an exotic animal when it is young, charming and relatively harmless only to discover that those traits tend to disappear when the animal reaches sexual maturity. The pet owners then usually have a more exotic animal on their hands then they know what to do with – and many send their unruly “400-pound pet” to private animal sanctuaries, many of which have little to no regulating oversight.

With big cats making up a growing proportion of the exotic pet industry, we are unsurprisingly seeing a concomitant increase in big cat attacks on humans – at sanctuaries, in residential neighborhoods and inside family homes. One of the latest deaths was head keeper Renee Radziwon-Chapman, 36, who was mauled by a cougar at an Oregon sanctuary this month. Since 1990, in the United States alone, 260-plus big cats have escaped their enclosures, 23 people (including 5 children) have been killed and more than 250 people have been mauled.  These are only the attacks that have been reported in the media and counted by Big Cat Rescue as there is no reporting agency that keeps track of such records. Quite likely, these numbers are much higher. (For a state-by-state count of big cat attacks tallied by Big Cat Rescue click here.)

Over-confidence by people in close contact with “their” big cats often leads to tragic and gory consequences, even among highly experienced caretakers such as Ms. Radziwon-Chapman. Last year, John Varty, a filmmaker and experienced tiger handler ended up with two broken ribs, deep puncture wounds and lacerations to his hands and legs after a tiger attacked him on his tiger farm, which he established in South Africa to create a free-roaming tiger population outside Asia. ”There is a certain psychology at work when you work with these animals day in, day out,” said Vernon Weir of the American Sanctuary Association. “You begin to feel comfortable around them. But they’re still wild animals, you don’t know what can set them off, and the results can be tragic.”



Experts are thus rightly concerned about the recent growth in private big cat sanctuaries. These sanctuaries are largely unregulated, anyone can open one and uniform safety protocols are lacking. According to the International Fund for Animal Welfare, there are about 80 of these big cat sanctuaries in the U.S and only about a dozen of them are certified. Yet, as Weir, reminds us, “It’s a risky business when you’re dealing with dangerous wild animals. You can’t leave any room for error.”

Next page: Top Ten Reasons Why Big Cats Make Bad Pets

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Cherise Udell

Cherise Udell is a mom, clean air advocate, anthropologist and feline aficionado with the nomadic habit of taking spontaneous sojourns to unusual destinations. Before her adventures in motherhood, she was an intrepid Amazon jungle guide equipped with a pair of sturdy wellingtons and a 24-inch machete, as well as a volunteer at a rainforest animal rescue center.


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1:53AM PST on Jan 25, 2015

Live long and prosper!

5:52AM PDT on Aug 21, 2014

thanks for sharing :)

11:18AM PDT on Mar 20, 2014

I don't believe any animal not native to one's own country needs to be imported any more. 100 years ago, when it was the only way for people to become aware of a variety of species, at least then zoos made sense. Now, you can see every species on the planet on the internet, so there's absolutely NO reason for people to keep abusing animals by taking out of their natural habitat.

7:35PM PST on Feb 1, 2014

It is beyond me how legislators have allowed this trade to continue.

6:50PM PST on Feb 1, 2014

Thank you

4:58AM PST on Jan 27, 2014

Thank you for this information.

4:16AM PST on Jan 13, 2014

Maybe we should put people in pens and allow the cats to hunt them.. Really? Folks need to understand that big cats are wild, need to be wild and need to be left alone!

3:26AM PST on Jan 2, 2014

wow. I hadnt imagined that in America such animals would be able to be kept unregulated.

Im in Australia and keeping an exotic animal would come with a lot of rules (and not really a pet thing but more of what a private zoo may have, but even then things like big cats wouldnt be common at all).

10:42AM PST on Jan 1, 2014

Change the laws that regulates this.

11:09PM PST on Dec 29, 2013

We really need to find out how to implement legal regulating oversight for private sanctuaries.

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