Do U.S. Employees Take Enough Vacation Days?
In response to my own headline, I know I donít. But I had assumed this was because I work as a freelancer and do not get paid for holidays, vacation or sick days. But it turns out that many of my fellow Americans also do not take many vacation days — nor do they get paid for them.
Some countries require employers to provide paid vacation and holidays, and not just any random number of days but a minimum of days. Austria leads the pack by requiring a whopping 42 days (vacation and holidays combined), while other countries like France, require at least 30 days.
This is according to a May report released by the Center for Economic and Policy Research. “No Vacation-Nation Revisited” looked at labor laws regarding paid vacation and holidays in 21 major economic nations (all members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) including the United States, Australia, Canada, 16 European countries, and New Zealand.
The United States is the only country in the group that does not require employers to provide paid vacation time, and nearly 1 in 4 Americans do not receive any paid vacation or paid holidays. So it looks like I am not alone.
Workers in the European Union are legally guaranteed at least 20 paid vacation days per year, with 25 and even 30 or more days in some countries, and many also have legal rights to paid holidays over and above paid vacation days. Canada and Japan guarantee at least 10 days of paid vacation per year. Five countries even mandate that employers pay vacationing workers a small premium above their standard pay to help with vacation-related expenses.† And several countries give additional time off for younger and older workers, shift workers, and those doing community service including jury duty.
“The United States is the only advanced economy in the world that does not guarantee its workers paid vacation days and paid holidays,” John Schmitt, senior economist and co-author of the report, said in a statement. “Relying on businesses to voluntarily provide paid leave just hasnít worked.”
Hoping to change this, Florida Congressman Alay Grayson has proposed The Paid Vacation Act (H.R. 2096) that would provide paid vacation time under federal law.
Using Bureau of Labor Statistic reports, Congressman Graysonís office reports that the average American worker now works one month more per year than in 1976, and that absenteeism, lost productivity, †and health issues from job-related stress cost U.S. businesses about $344 billion a year.