As February begins, red hearts and sappy cards crowd the shelves. But the question on my mind, as well as on the minds of many other conscious consumers is not which glittery red gift to purchase, but the difference this holiday could make if people chose to purchase ethically-sourced chocolate.
Nowadays, most stores have a “health food” or “organic” section, but thinking you can simply pick up the first chocolate bar marked “fair-trade,” and walk away with a clean conscience, isn’t the case.
For products like bananas and tea, fair trade is mostly a question of ensuring that small farmers get a fair price for their products, but when it comes to cocoa the issues are even more serious.
Slavery, child labor, kidnapping, injuries from unsafe working conditions, beatings and, at its worst, murder, are all in the mix. Knowing where your sweet treats come from means going beyond symbolic certifications.
Some Surprising Fair Trade Facts:
- There is not a universally accepted definition of what “fair trade” means.
- There are a number of different organizations that are allowed to certify items as “fair trade” each with their own process and level of oversight.
- Becoming certified as “fair trade” can be a costly process that some small growers are unable to afford.
- Because of the difficulty in policing farming practices, items marked as “fair trade” may still contain cocoa that was produced using slave and child labor or under unsafe working conditions with inadequate or no pay.
“Fair trade is a trading partnership… that seeks greater equity in international trade. It contributes to sustainable development by offering better trading conditions to, and securing the rights of, marginalized producers and workers… Fair trade organizations, backed by consumers, are engaged actively in supporting producers, awareness raising and in campaigning for changes in the rules and practice of conventional international trade” – Fairtrade Labeling Organizations International
Or, from a different fair trade organization:
“Fairtrade is about better prices, decent working conditions, local sustainability, and fair terms of trade for farmers and workers in the developing world… Fairtrade addresses the injustices of conventional trade, which traditionally discriminates against the poorest, weakest producers. It enables them to improve their position and have more control over their lives.” – Fairtrade Foundation
As you can see from these two definitions, the overall implication of this certification is that farmers are paid a fair price and reflect this in how they treat their workers and the communities their work supports. But as I stated above, this does not guarantee either of these realities when it comes to chocolate produced on the Ivory Coast.
Here’s something interesting though; the reverse is true as well. Just because a product is not marked as fair trade does not mean that their cocoa is produced through slave labor, under unsafe conditions and bought for a price well below market value.
The Good News:
- There are a number of fair trade companies that are serious about sourcing their chocolate ethically.
- The majority of organic chocolate is grown in Central and South America where slavery has not been an issue. Because of the limited supply of organic chocolate, most farmers receive a fair price.
- There are a select number of farms in West Africa who receive a fair price for their chocolate and are slave and child labor free.
If you’re confused now about which companies to trust you’re not alone. For some, refusing to buy chocolate from companies that source from the Ivory Coast – no matter their certifications or promise of due diligence – is the only option. Other consumers choose to buy chocolate from the select companies that are attempting to address the slave trade issue directly. These companies purchase their supplies from farmers or farming co-ops on the Ivory Coast who do not participate in the slave trade. Below you’ll find a list of companies in both categories, so the decision is up to you.
No matter what chocolate choices you make, remember that food is power. And as consumers our greatest weapon is what we “choose to consume.” Just because we’re used to grabbing items off the shelf without thinking doesn’t mean we should be. There is a story behind each item we purchase. From the underpaid migrant workers who picked the oranges piled high, to the children enslaved and maimed for each Hershey’s kiss. Do your research and take back your power to change these practices.
I chose to include the Food Empowerment Project’s Chocolate’s list because of the amount of research, time and follow-through that went into creating this list. Some companies on the list are completely vegan, but some make both vegan and non-vegan chocolate, so make sure to read the labels before purchasing.
From the Food Empowerment Project:
“Chocolate we feel comfortable recommending”:*
* “…The first category is pretty simple. These are companies that make some (if not all) vegan chocolates. They have responded to us when we requested where they get their cacao beans from, and the beans did not come from the Ivory Coast or Ghana.” - Appetite for Justice by Food Empowerment Project
- 365 Dark Chocolate Bar (Whole Foods Market)
- Alce Nero’s dark chocolate
- Allison’s Gourmet
- Angell Chocolate Bars
- Boardwalk Chocolates (not the white chocolate)
- Café Gratitude
- Chocolate Ibarra
- Chuao Chocolatier
- Cocolo (Australia & New Zealand)
- Coconut Bliss (they were recently bought by a dairy company)
- Cotton Tree Chocolate (70% bar – only in Belize)
- Crispy Cat
- Denman Island Chocolate
- Eat Pastry
- Equal Exchange
- Essential Living Foods
- The Fearless Chocolate Company
- Go Macro’s Peanut Butter Chocolate Chip Crunch
- Goss Chocolate (dark and special dark chocolate, nibs and cocoa powder)
- Justin’s Nut Butter
- Kakaw Belizean Chocolate (Belize)
- Kakayo Chocolate Company
- Kopali Organics
- La Siembra – Cocoa Camino
- Love Street Livin
- Loving Earth (New Zealand)
- Lulu’s Chocolates
- Madécasse’s Chocolate
- Mast Brothers Chocolate
- Michel Cluizel (Dark Chocolate, Single Estate)
- Mindo Chocolate
- Nada Moo
- Nature’s Path
- Navitas Naturals
- Newman’s Own
- New Tree
- Nutiva (hemp protein powder chocolate shake)
- The Oakland Chocolate Company
- Obsessive Confection Disorder
- Organica (Venture Foods)
- Organic Fair
- René Rey Chocolates
- República del Cacao
- Righteously Raw
- Sacred Chocolate
- Salazon Chocolate
- Scarborough Fair (New Zealand)
- Scream Sorbet
- Shaman Chocolates
- Sjaaks (Eli’s Earth Bars)
- Sunflour Baking Company
- Sunfood’s Chocolate
- Sunridge Farms
- Sweet Earth Chocolates
- Sweet & Sara
- Sweetriot (riotBar only)
- Taza Chocolates
- Theo Chocolate
- Turtle Mountain (organic only)
- Ultimate SuperFoods
- Whistler Chocolate
- Wild Boar’s Dark Chocolate (Hagensborg Chocolates)
- Zenergy Powerballs
Next: Companies that are attempting to source ethical chocolate from the Ivory Coast.
From the Food Empowerment Project:
“Cannot recommend but are working on the issues in various ways*:”
*”… These are companies that responded to our request for information and are either fair trade, organic and/or have indicated to us that they are aware of the slavery issue and care enough to work on it, but, unfortunately, their chocolate still comes from the Ivory Coast or Ghana. They are currently buying chocolate with the intention of not participating in slavery, but we can’t be 100% sure that it is not linked to slavery as they source from these countries in West Africa. Some of the companies that are fair trade are not necessarily going to change suppliers, but they are indeed informed companies trying to do their part.” Appetite for Justice by Food Empowerment Project
- Deliss Chocolate
- Endangered Species Chocolate
- Go Max Go
- Guittard Chocolate Company
- Lake Champlain Chocolates
- LEDA Chocolate (Australia & New Zealand)
- Liz Lovely Cookies
- Mariposa Baking Company
- Rescue Chocolate
- Sweet William (New Zealand)
- TradeAid (New Zealand)
- Terra Nostra
- Whittaker’s (Australia & New Zealand)
- Xan Confections
For a complete list of all the companies on the Food Empowerment Project’s chocolate list visit them here.