Forest Gardens

Forests in nature are stable, productive, and biodiverse. The forest garden
emulates how forests grow, using the same principles. Forest gardens are not
necessary gardens in forests—one can be established in a small backyard—but
the model is the same.

The pioneer of forest gardening, Robert Hart, has identified the following seven forest
layers that combine to make a healthy forest ecosystem:

  • Canopy: Trees and shrubs are the backbone of the forest garden. The canopy
    consists of the tallest of these. Fruit trees are a great edible choice
  • Understory (low-tree layer): Dwarf fruit and nut trees.
  • Shrub Layer: Woody plants such as raspberries.
  • Herbaceous Layer: Herbs and perennial vegetables.
  • Vertical Layer: Climbing plants and vines.
  • Ground layer: Groundcover creepers, no more than half a foot tall.
  • Rhizosphere: Root plants such as carrots, beets, and Jerusalem artichokes.

While your forest
matures, your plants will change, just as happens in nature. To find species
native to your region, look in the native plant database at
The Wildflower Center.


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Danuta Watola
Danuta Watola2 years ago

Thanks for sharing.

Vita Pagh
Vita P.2 years ago

Forest Gardens are so basic and beautiful!

Aud Nordby
Aud nordby2 years ago


Lady Kaira
Lady Kaira2 years ago


Pinke A.
Pinke A.2 years ago

How peaceful place is the one in the picture! I love it!

Fred Hoekstra
Fred Hoekstra2 years ago

Thank you Annie, for Sharing this!

Fred Hoekstra
Fred Hoekstra2 years ago

Thank you Annie, for Sharing this!

Sheri J.
Sheri J.3 years ago

We can't afford to make our backyard look like this but we try to have as many plants as possible to reduce pollution. Gorgeous green picture by the way.

Julie H.
Julie Hoffman3 years ago

omg so cute. The whole world should look like this.

Seda A.
Seda A.3 years ago