How to Grow 4 Different Types of Berries

Perennial berries offer tasty backyard treats year after year. Berries are versatile, in that they’re great fresh, in baked goods, dried, frozen, and as jam or preserves. If you have growing space either at home or in a community garden plot, consider adding some berries to your gardening plans.

Growing Blueberries

Blueberries are among the easiest fruits to grow organically.  Late winter or early spring, during the six weeks prior to your last spring frost, is the best time for planting blueberries. Young container-grown plants may be set out later but need time to grow roots before hot weather.

Except for saskatoons, blueberries require acidic soil with a pH below 5.0. Blueberries can also be grown in containers filled with an acidic, bark-based planting mix.

(Get a complete growing guide at All About Growing Blueberries.)

Growing Strawberries

Strawberries are usually the first berries to ripen in a given growing season, and a bed of 25 strawberry plants can produce 30 pounds of strawberries per year. Plant strawberry starts six weeks before your first frost, or you can set out plants in fall if you have mild winters. Before you plant, dig plenty of organic matter such as compost into the soil. A type called ever-bearing strawberries will work particularly well for growing in large containers if you don’t have garden space.

(For much more on growing strawberries and different types to try, see Growing Strawberries.)


Next: raspberries, blackberries, and cooking tips!

Growing Raspberries

Transplant dormant, bare-root plants four to six weeks before your last frost. Set plants 1 inch deeper than they grew in their nursery containers. Grow in full sun in most regions, but plant in an area that gets afternoon shade if you live in an extremely hot climate. Red and golden raspberries will grow well on a garden fence or trellis.

(For more information, see All About Growing Raspberries.)

Growing Blackberries

Like most other bramble fruits, blackberries bear best on one- and two-year-old canes, or woody stems. The many varieties come in either upright or trailing plants. With upright varieties, if you pinch or snip back the tips of new canes mid-summer (July is a good time), the plants will respond by growing heavy-blooming lateral branches that emerge from the main canes at right angles.

Blackberry vines can get out of hand if you aren’t careful. In spring, control the spread of your patch by severing sprouts that emerge out of bounds. One swipe with a swing blade will eliminate such canes, as well as weeds.

(To learn more, check out the article Enjoy Fresh Blackberries, which also includes advice for getting wild-growing blackberries under control.)

Cooking with Berries

After you achieve berry-growing success, move into the kitchen and try these Berry Recipes.


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Duane B.
.2 years ago

Thank you for sharing.

Sonia Minwer-Barakat Requ

Great article.I've planted strawberries this spring but this awful weather(too cool & too rainy) have ruined one plant.Hope the remaining two plants will survive.I've only bought 3 plants because I've got a balcony garden :)

Jessica Sutton
Jessica S.2 years ago

Thanks! :-)

Ajla C.
Past Member 3 years ago


Terry V.
Terry V.3 years ago


Heidi Aubrey
Heidi Aubrey3 years ago

I really want to grow strawberries(container) next year. Thank you for the extension for this topic.

andrew h.
- -.3 years ago


homeopathy possibly (silicea) can help plants:

"In short, one single application of Silicea has a profound effect of long duration on soil productivity and every stage of a plant’s life. It is able to:

•Antidote manganese toxicity in soils
•Change the ionisation of soil particles in water-repelling soils so water is easily absorbed
•Stimulate seed germination of grasses, plants and trees
•Help plants survive and even thrive in low rainfall or desert areas
•Strengthen weak and struggling plants
•Produce trees with hard and dense timber that is more resistant to termite attack
•Prevent and treat dieback
•Increase plant resistance to disease and pests
•Produce larger and more prolific fruits and flowers"

Kath R.
Kath P.3 years ago

I grow ever bearing strawberries as well as raspberries and serviceberries. I tried growing blueberries but it was toooooooo much effort for very little return.

Magdalen B.
Magdalen B.3 years ago

Don't forget your currants ! Black, red or white they are full of vitamins and quite delicious.

Marie W.
Marie W.3 years ago

Blackberries grow wild here and they take over quick.