Notice! Care2 will go offline for site maintenance July 28 at 9pm PST. Thanks
START A PETITION 25,136,189 members: the world's largest community for good
START A PETITION
x

How to Dry Your Own Vegetables (Colonial Style)

How to Dry Your Own Vegetables (Colonial Style)

In the home of Justine, a contributor to Remodelista and Gardenista, an autumn tradition is an annual walk on the “Battlefield Road,” retracing the footsteps of Paul Revere from Lexington to Concord. Here, in addition to autumn splendor, she and her family enjoy presentations in Revolutionary firearms and colonial cooking.

According to Justin, fall was a time of bounty in colonial New England. But with no refrigeration, it was also time to prepare for the long, hard winter, preserving food by pickling, salting, and drying. Not only women, but also children were expected to partake in this provisioning process, with evenings by the fire spent stringing vegetables and fruits to be dried. Here, she gives dried vegetables a try with her children.

Photographs by Justine Hand.

pickling and drying food in Colonial New England: Gardenista

Above: Each October at Hartwell Tavern, a preserved 18th century house and gathering place along the Battlefield Road, historic reenactors demonstrate authentic methods of colonial food preparation and preservation.

mushrooms, Colonial Food Drying: Gardenista

Above: Strung using a large needle and kitchen string, fresh and dried mushrooms hang in the sun at Hartwell Tavern in Lincoln, MA.

beans and mushrooms, Colonial Food Drying: Gardenista

Above: Back at home, Justine and her children gathered supplies. Beans and mushrooms are easy to dry and are therefore a good option for beginners.

stringing beans, Colonial Food Drying: Gardenista

Above: With their small fingers, children are ideal candidates for stringing vegetables. They also really enjoyed it! Here, Oliver, age 7, strings green beans.

string mushrooms, Colonial Food Drying: Gardenista

Above: Solvi, age 5, works on mushrooms.

a sunny spot for drying, Colonial Food Drying: Gardenista

Above: After the vegetables were strung, Justine and troupe simply found a sunny, dry spot (the kitchen window) in which to hang them. Then all you do is wait.

dried beans, mushrooms and apples, Colonial Food Drying: Gardenista

Above: After a couple of weeks they had dried food. The results, though not pretty, were still pretty satistfying.

dried food bottled, Colonial Food Drying: Gardenista

Above: Stored in sterilized antique canning jars, dried vegetables should keep all winter.

Above: For more authentic colonial food preservation and other handy household tips, the folks at Minute Man National Park recommended the improved “The Servant Directory or House-Keepers Campanion,” available from G. Gedney Godwin, Inc.; $7.75. (When reading, it is helpful to note that the letters that look like “f”s are, in fact, “s”s.)

HOW TO DRY VEGETABLES LIKE THE COLONISTS

Unlike Justine’s recent foray into colonial candle making, which was fun but labor-intensive, drying vegetables in the tradition of fore-mothers was quite easy. Here are more precise steps:

  • Step one is to procure your fresh vegetables from your garden or farm stand. If you are growing your own beans, it is recommended that you leave them on the stem as long as possible.
  • Gently wash your vegetables and thoroughly dry them, since any moisture may introduce mold. It is also recommended that you blanch vegetables such as beans, to really kill the germs that can cause mold and decay.
  • Using a large needle, such as an embroidery needle, and some kitchen string or sturdy thread, begin stringing your vegetables or fruit. Be sure to knot the ends so your food stays in place.
  • After your strand is complete, select a warm, well ventilated, and moisture free space in which to hang your vegetables. Many colonists selected a place in the kitchen or under the eaves in the attic. (Some websites even recommend the window of your car, parked in a sunny spot.) The idea is that it should be warm enough to dry the vegetables quickly, but not so fast that the outsides become hard and locks moisture in.
  • Drying time depends on the dryness of your spot. In Justine’s kitchen window, it only took two weeks. (One of the reenactors at Hartwell Tavern said it took her mushrooms four weeks to dry.)
  • Dried vegetables will look shriveled. Beans should be pretty hard, mushrooms and apples will still be spongy.
  • After your vegetables have dried, place them in a sterilized container and store in a dark, dry place.
  • Use the concentrated flavor of your dried vegetables in soups or casseroles all winter.

Carrots, onions, broccoli, peas and almost any vegetable can be dried. Justine found the most comprehensive list of which veggies to use and how to prep them from Colorado State.

Interested in more fun ways to prolong the shelf life of your food? Try Gardenista‘s recipe for Pickled Dilly Beans.

 

 

Read more: Basics, Crafts & Design, Crafts & Hobbies, Food, Gardenista, Green Home Decor, Green Kitchen Tips, Home, Reduce, Recycle & Reuse, Surprising uses for ..., Vegetarian, , , , , ,

have you shared this story yet?

go ahead, give it a little love

Gardenista

Gardenista is a one-stop sourcebook for cultivated living, a guide to outdoor design and gardening. Helmed by former New York Times columnist Michelle Slatalla, Gardenista features inspiration, garden visits, and advice for all things outdoor living, from patios and peonies, to tables and terraces. Gardens matter, and Gardenista celebrates tomatoes on the fire escape as much as rolling acres of green.

103 comments

+ add your own
3:08AM PST on Feb 27, 2014

Really interesting. Bookmarked, thank you.

6:06AM PST on Dec 12, 2013

thank you

6:35PM PST on Dec 1, 2013

Is this what I have seen called leather britches beans?

6:29PM PST on Nov 23, 2013

Love this article. I used to have a food dehydrator, but that was when my family was at home. I did dry orange and lemon slices to use as decorations and to add to potpourri packets one year.

I like looking at the veggies hanging in the kitchen....so homey .. Great article!

7:41AM PST on Nov 22, 2013

living in a coastal area where moisture is in the air most of the time I wonder if this is an option for me?

5:56AM PST on Nov 20, 2013

Love the mushroom idea! Great tips on the comments section.
Thank you all!

6:41PM PST on Nov 19, 2013

thanks for sharing

8:23AM PST on Nov 19, 2013

Will attempt.Thanks

8:03AM PST on Nov 19, 2013

Actually each looks like an art piece! Beautiful presentation...thanks

9:16AM PST on Nov 18, 2013

This article was interesting to me, as I was looking for an alternative to using a food dehydrator, more natural way, without have to use ascorbic acid to preserve.

add your comment



Disclaimer: The views expressed above are solely those of the author and may not reflect those of
Care2, Inc., its employees or advertisers.

people are talking

I am i gay guy who once lived in Russia with my now fiance but every one in Russia was against our h…

Palm oil is NOT good to ingest.

Ok, anything is possible I guess

Sea salt and oil scrubs or baking soda "microdermabrasion"....I can't trust myself around sugar scru…

Story idea? Want to blog? Contact the editors!



Select names from your address book   |   Help
   

We hate spam. We do not sell or share the email addresses you provide.