Quiz: How Well Do You Know Elephants?

Currently the largest land mammals on the planet, elephants have long been held in high regard by humans. Many cultures have legends of the strength, wisdom and grace of elephants. Some consider them divine beings, while certain African tales claim that elephants are shapeshifters who can take off their skins and become humans. Take this informative quiz and test out your knowledge of these amazing animals.

 

Quiz: How Well Do You Know Elephants?

Question 1
How far away has an elephant been shown to smell a water source?
A
5 miles (8 km)
B
7 miles (11 km)
C
12 miles (19 km)
D
15 miles (24 km)
Question 1 Explanation: 
There are seven turbinals, or curls of bone, in an elephant’s nasal cavity. Each turbinal contains millions of olfactory (scent) receptor cells. In fact, groups of elephants have been observed changing direction and moving towards rain storms over 150 miles (241 km) away. It's unknown how they were able to detect the rain, but perhaps it was due to their amazing sense of smell.
Question 2
How does an elephant communicate to the rest of the group she’d like to go in a certain direction?
A
A vocal call.
B
Flapping her ears.
C
Lifting her foot.
D
Aiming in that direction.
E
All of the above.
Question 2 Explanation: 
Elephants have complex ways of discussing issues like deciding on a travel route or organizing defense of the family group. Decision making involves all the family members and they work towards consensus. Although sometimes it appears certain members will agree to differ at the end of a discussion.
Question 3
Elephants are monogamous. True or false?
A
True.
B
False.
Question 3 Explanation: 
Adult male and female elephants typically live separately. The females stay together in close family groups, and the males can live alone or in looser groups with other males. Once a male mates with a female, he moves on to find another mate. Elephant babies are raised exclusively by the female family groups. The father is not involved.
Question 4
Elephant mother and baby s How many elephants are killed by poachers each year?
A
10,000.
B
24,000.
C
33,000.
D
47,000.
Question 4 Explanation: 
Elephants are illegally killed for their meat and body parts, but especially for their valuable ivory. The price of ivory in China tripled between 2010 and 2014. In 2013, the wildlife conservation organization WildAid started a campaign to reduce the demand for ivory. They have already seen positive results and the price for ivory in China is dropping.
Question 5
What’s the farthest recorded distance apart that elephants have been able to hear each other’s calls?
A
10 miles (16 km).
B
7 miles (11 km).
C
4 miles (6.4 km).
Question 5 Explanation: 
Elephants often use infrasonic sounds, which are below the normal human range of hearing. This helps their calls travel long distances. In addition to their large ears for hearing, they also have very sensitive structures in their feet that allow them to detect even more subtle vibrations.
Question 6
What qualities does a matriarch elephant need to successfully lead a family group?
A
Other family members respect and support her.
B
She is genetically and socially well connected to the group.
C
She has an outstanding memory of places and individuals.
D
She displays courage and wisdom during a crisis.
E
All of the above.
Question 6 Explanation: 
An elephant family usually consists of one to sixteen adult females and their immature offspring. The leading matriarch of a family is actually chosen by the other members, based on her demonstrated capabilities and relationships within the group. This can be a somewhat fluid process over time as family groups form and dissolve due to membership changes.
Question 7
What part of the world did the ancient ancestors of elephants come from?
A
India.
B
Northern Europe.
C
Central Asia.
D
Tropical areas in Africa.
E
South America.
Question 7 Explanation: 
Fossils of the earliest ancestors of elephants, and the closely related mammoths, have been found in South Africa and eastern Africa. These areas would have been tropical during the time of early elephants.
Question 8
Elephant group s Elephants have the largest brain of any known living or extinct terrestrial mammals. True or false?
A
True.
B
False.
Question 8 Explanation: 
An elephant’s brain weighs from 9 to 14 pounds (4-6 kg). In comparison, an average human brain weighs about 3 pounds (1.4 kg).
Question 9
Elephants are classified as non-ruminants. What does this mean?
A
They don’t chew their food.
B
Their food is fermented in the hindgut after digestion in the stomach.
C
They do not extract nutrients from the food very well because of the speed it moves through their system.
D
B and C.
E
All of the above.
Question 9 Explanation: 
Elephants eat up to 300 pounds (136 kg) of vegetation daily. But their digestive tract processes it so quickly that only about 40% of it gets digested. The rest that comes out undigested or partially digested is actually important for other species. For instance, the seeds of about one-third of trees in West Africa require time in an elephant's digestive system in order to germinate.
Question 10
What is the maximum weight an elephant can lift with its trunk?
A
250 pounds (113 kg).
B
550 pounds (250 kg).
C
750 pounds (340 kg).
D
900 pounds (408 kg).
Question 10 Explanation: 
An elephant’s trunk contains approximately 100,000 muscles and tendons. This gives it the strength and flexibility to expand and contract as well as the ability to investigate and pick up various objects.
Question 11
Tusks s Elephants are right-tusked or left-tusked, similar to the way humans are right- or left-handed. True or false?
A
True.
B
False.
Question 11 Explanation: 
Elephants have been observed to have a preferred tusk. This tusk can be identified easily because it will be more worn down than the other tusk.
Question 12
What tools have elephants been known to make?
A
Logs to neutralize electric fences.
B
Short sticks to remove ticks from themselves.
C
Leafy branches placed on soft ground to make it easier to walk on.
D
A and C.
E
All of the above.
Question 12 Explanation: 
Elephants’ high intelligence combined with the dexterity of their trunk allows them to invent and use many different tools.
There are 12 questions to complete.

 

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215 comments

W. C
W. C3 days ago

Thanks.

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W. C
W. C3 days ago

Thanks.

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William C
William C3 days ago

Thank you.

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Ian C
Ian Crory4 days ago

:)

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Brad H
Brad H6 days ago

thanks

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Richard A
Richard A6 days ago

Thank you for this article - quiz.

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Marija M
Marija M6 days ago

tks, interesting.

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Renata B
Renata B7 days ago

Fascinating

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Roberto M
Roberto MARINI7 days ago

thanks for sharing.

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Jerome S
Jerome S10 days ago

thanks

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