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Raw Milk: Easy Greening

Raw Milk: Easy Greening

One day my husband announced that he wanted to buy a cow so that we could drink raw (non-pasteurized) milk. Now this wouldn’t be a new animal for our farm, since we live in New York City. Hmmm. And, isn’t pasteurization a good thing? The debate about raw milk versus pasteurized is a heated one, and comprises the second part of our series on milk. Here’s what I found about raw milk (and whether or not we bought the cow).

The Raw Milk Laws
As it turns out, my husband didnít want to install a cow in our urban garden, he wanted to join a cow-share program; a covert way of gaining access to a beverage pretty difficult to buy in our state. Drinking raw milk is not illegal, but in many areas, purchasing it for human consumption is. Each state determines the details of raw milk sales. It is illegal to sell it for human consumption in 15 states, and available with restrictions in 26 states. Around these restrictions raw milk lovers have been scrambling to set up clandestine routines to get their milk. One of several loopholes used by consumers is a cow-share program, which allows the shareholder a percentage of milk from ďtheirĒ cow. The cow lives on a dairy farm and is cared for and milked by a farmer, the milk is then delivered to you-thus no money is actually exchanged for the milk itself.

Why Pasteurize?
When I first starting hearing about raw milk my mind went straight back to a grade school black and white educational film about the miracle of pasteurization-how treating milk with heat followed by rapid cooling would kill all of the evil pathogens lurking in there. And looking at the history of the dairy industry, pasteurization was indeed a bit of a miracle. With 19th century industrialization came very unsanitary dairy farms. When pasteurization was introduced to dirty Victorian milk, infant survival rates saw a dramatic increase. By 1917, pasteurization was legally required or officially encouraged in most big cities.

By eliminating most of the pathogens that cause disease, including E. coli, salmonella and listeria, health official say that pasteurization has helped lower infectious-disease rates in the U.S. more than 90 percent over the past century. So pasteurization seems good-but I am also inclined to have a deeper trust in food that has seen as little processing as possible, albiet from clean farms, so the idea of raw milk was very intriguing. And if itís so unhealthy, why are so many seemingly intelligent people drinking it?!

Types of Pasteurization
There are four types of pasteurization, each with a designated minimum temperature to which the milk must be subjected for a minimum amount of time. They range from Vat Pasteurization which requires that milk be held at 145 degrees Fahrenheit for 30 minutes, to Ultra Pasteurization (UP) which requires a minimum temperature of 280 degrees Fahrenheit for 2 seconds. Most national brands of milk are ultra-pasteurized because it is quick and dramatically increases shelf life (UP milk can stay fresh for up to two months). Vat pasteurization, the most gentle of the methods, is a costlier process and the milk has a shorter shelf life. (Hence it is not viable for large-scale dairy farms.) Vat pasteurization is the method for preparing milk for starter cultures in the processing of cheese, yogurt, and buttermilk-that suggests to me that the vat process leaves some life in the milk.

Why Raw?
Advocates for raw milk claim that the process of pasteurization destroys the beneficial bacteria, proteins, and enzymes that aid in digestion. Specifically, raw milk contains immunoglobins, lipase and phosphates that are killed by heat. Raw milk contains vitamins C, B12 and B6, much of which can be lost to pasteurization. Healthy bacteria naturally found in milk, such as Lactobacillus acidophilus, is also lost during heat treatment. Raw milk proponents point out that these “friendly” bacteria aid in digestion and boost immunity. According to an article in Time Magazine, some people with a history of digestive-tract problems, such as Crohn’s disease, swear by the curative powers of non-pasteurized milk. Others praise its nutritional value and its ability to strengthen the immune system.

A common observation among raw milk proponents is that the dangerous pathogens found in raw milk are directly connected to the outrageously awful conditions of factory farming-mostly due to diseased animals. It is far easier to pasteurize milk than to stop industrialized farming. When you get milk from a clean, smaller farm where the animals are healthy, raw milk is not dangerous.

Our Cows
Quite frankly, the argument for raw milk makes perfect sense to me, but in the end I just couldnít completely shake a lifetime of pasteurization dogma. Maybe if my husband and I could buy raw milk legally and locally I would have been swayed-but as it is we ended up with a compromise. We take occasional trips two hours north to buy raw milk at Hawthorne Valley Farm, one of the farms in our state that is certified to sell raw milk. But the bulk of our milk is purchased weekly at our local farmers market. We are fortunate to have an amazing dairy farm that supplies high-quality milk to the city markets. The milk is minimally processed-it is not homogenized (meaning that the cream can separate to the top) and it is vat pasteurized, retaining some of that healthy bacteria.

By purchasing this less processed milk we get clean milk that hasnít had the daylights zapped out of it, we support a local family farm, cut down on waste with returnable glass bottles, and it is actually cheaper than supermarket organic milk. But the best part? We get to drive upstate to the farm and visit the 55 hormone-free, grass-chomping cows that are making our milk-itís almost like having our own cows.

For more on milk, see Cow Milk: Easy Greening and Milk Alternatives: Easy Greening”.

Read more: Food, Basics, Colitis, Crohn's & IBS, Eco-friendly tips, Green Kitchen Tips, , ,

By Melissa Breyer, Producer, Care2 Green Living.

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Melissa Breyer

Melissa Breyer is a writer and editor with a background in sustainable living, specializing in food, science and design. She is the co-author of True Food (National Geographic) and has edited and written for regional and international books and periodicals, including The New York Times Magazine. Melissa lives in Brooklyn, NY.

31 comments

+ add your own
3:24AM PDT on Jun 24, 2011

Thanks for sharing.

1:32PM PDT on Jun 18, 2011

I had milk once that was low temperature pasturized and non-homogenized and it made me so sick to my stomach that I never tried it again and now too afraid to try it raw. I have always wanted to use raw milk, but after thia experience, I am not sure I can.

As a kid, I grew up on a farm and we had raw milk, fresh from the cow, I think if this would have been maintained throughout the years, I could still consume it to this day. I have never been a milk drinker, because personally I find commercial milk disgusting, but now I only use organic dairy and I find the milk much tastier and could never live without, especially in my coffee...long live Olympic Organics!!

9:36AM PDT on Jun 23, 2010

We grew up on raw milk. My mom was a health food freak way before her time. Pasteurized milk still tastes funny to me, so I stopped drinking it years ago. I am vegan now, so it isn't an issue, but I wish raw milk was the only milk available for those still drink it.

When milk is intended to stay raw, much greater care is given to the feeding and health of the cows. The cows are not milked when their udders are infected and leaking pus. The cows suffer a lot less, because the manufacturers aren't thinking, "it doesn't matter what kind of filth gets in here, because it's just going to be boiled out anyway."

Raw milk is healthier for the cows, the humans who drink it, and our planet in general.

1:22AM PDT on Jun 23, 2010

Getting clean raw milk? A major challenge though I would do it if available. Thanks for a really informative and thought provocating post.

6:51AM PDT on May 29, 2010

This sounds great! How do you go about doing this though?

11:29PM PDT on May 22, 2010

I like your sense of humour. Interesting read :)!

12:06AM PDT on Aug 1, 2009

I love raw-milk. I know of its beneficial properties. You should see my beautiful family! :()o

7:09PM PDT on Jul 27, 2009

Loved your line "The debate about raw milk versus pasteurized is a heated one." :-) I weigh in with Amanda and D Wall on this one, if you're not seriously lactose or casein intolerant, raw milk is a healthy food. The pasteurization process kills both the bad and the good bacteria in milk, so it can't be properly broken down in the gut. I don't know for sure, but suspect that if you fed a newborn calf only pasteurized milk, it wouldn't survive. An authority on raw milk is Aajonus Vonderplanitz, read his book, We Want to Live. Fascinating true story about the healing power of most raw foods, including milk. As for whether we should be eating animal products at all, as a species we were once hunter-gatherers. Our canine teeth suggest we are omnivores. Vegetarian is a good idea these days but we must respect others' right to choose; some bodies do much better on even a small amount of red muscle tissue in their diet.

6:54AM PDT on Jul 27, 2009

Well, how long are we going to go on deluding ourselves that we need milk from another species? Check your facts (not the dairy industry media machine) and you will find that cow's milk actually causes osteoporosis (see the PCRM website www.pcrm.org). Yes the overabundance of (acidic) protein in cow's milk actually leaches (alkaline) minerals like calcium from the human body, creating a net deficit of calcium. It is the reason why osteoporosis remains a disease of affluent, cow's milk-drinking societies, alongside the other modern diseases of this society including cancer, diabetes, and heart disease.

We are a herbivorous species, designed to eat an abundance of plant foods. We can obtain an ample supply of calcium, and other necessary nutrients from plant sources, without the health risks associated with consuming animal products.

Live Simply, Live Vegan!

6:12AM PDT on Jul 27, 2009

However, I'm sure every case is different.

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Disclaimer: The views expressed above are solely those of the author and may not reflect those of
Care2, Inc., its employees or advertisers.

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