Pierre de Coubertin, the father of the Modern Olympic Games designed a flag with these rings. The multicolored rings symbolize the five significant continents and are interconnected to symbolize the friendship between the nations competing at the Games. This flag debuted at the 1920 Olympic Games.
1. It is common knowledge that the Modern Olympic Games are modeled after the ancient Olympic Games of Greece, but what year was the first modern games held?
2. Early Olympians competed in the nude. True or False?
3. Who was responsible for the revival of the Olympics?
C. French Educator, Baron Pierre de Couberin
4. Since the revival of the Olympics, they have been held every four years except for which years?
A. 1916, 1940 and 1944
Thanks to the devastation from WWI and WWII, the Olympics could not be held on these three occasions.
5. What time period were the first Olympic games held?
B. 776 BC to 393 AD
The ancient Greeks hosted the first Olympic Games in honor of the Greek God, Zeus. The games were held in Olympia, Greece. But Roman Emperor Theodosius I ordered the games to stop after a 1169-year run as he deemed the games too pagan.
6. The five rings of the Olympics symbolize what?
D. The Five (Major) Continents
However, it was not until the Stockholm Games of 1912 that competitors representing all five continents actually competed together.
7. Where will the next Summer and Winter Games be held?
a. Brazil and South Korea
8. The colors of the Olympic rings are blue, yellow, black, green and red. Why were these colors chosen?
b. At least one of these colors appear on every national flag in the world
9. What is the motto of the Modern Olympics?
B. Swifter, higher and stronger
Father Henri Didon, a friend of Pierre de Coubertin, often used the Latin phrase Citius, Altius, Fortius (“Swifter, Higher, Stronger”) and de Coubertin decided it would make an excellent motto for the Olympics in the early 1920′s. It has been used ever since.
10. The current Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia cost how much?
d. all of the above
The Sochi Winter Games are the most expensive Olympics in history. President Putin’s original promise to spend $12 billion on the Winter Games helped win Russia the bid for 2014. While this financial commitment was once a source of pride for Russians, the staggering $50 billion plus price tag has now become somewhat of an embarrassment.
11. This year in Sochi, 98 Olympic events will be held. How many of those events are new this year to the Olympics?
The new events include ski half-pipe (men and women), snowboard slopestyle (men and women) and luge team relay.
12. This year in Sochi, 2,850 athletes will compete representing how many different countries?
13. At which Olympics did women first compete?
B. Paris 1900
14. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has its headquarters in which country?
The IOC headquarters and museum are in Lausanne, Switzerland, overlooking Lake Geneva.
15. Traditionally, which team enters the stadium on the opening night of the Olympics first?
The Greek team always goes first as a tribute to their historical role in the origin of the Olympic Games.
16. After the 388 B.C. Olympic Games, a bronze statue of Zeus was built on the road to Olympia’s stadium. Why?
A. Four men were caught in a cheating scandal involving a boxing match and were fined. The penalty money was used to build the bronze statue of Zeus.
17. The ancient Greek Games were as much a religious event as a sporting event and were held in honor of the Greek God, Zeus. What traditionally happened at the games to honor the patron-God?
B. 100 oxen would be sacrificed
18. The prize for the victors in the ancient Greek games was:
D. An olive leaf wreath crown and a large sum of money
Additionally, songs and poems would likely be written about the winning athletes. Sometimes, a sculpture would be commissioned. In general, the winning athletes were treated as heroes, as they are today, in their home city-states.
19. What is an Olympic Truce?
a. A truce between political enemies so that athletes and spectators could travel safely to the games
20. Which event was NOT included in the Ancient Greek Games