Tips for Pet Parenting After a Divorce

The tension starts with something simple—maybe a dirty dish in the sink or a wet towel left on the floor. Then money issues start to creep up. How much can we spend? What can we spend it on? Just one too many visits from the in-laws, and it’s all down hill from there. Your marriage can quickly enter a tailspin from which it cannot recover, and the next thing you know you are filing for divorce citing “irreconcilable differences.”

This is not uncommon. In fact, according to the National Center for Health Statistics around 50 percent of first marriages end in divorce. Once lawyers get involved, it can get messy. Property and money are divided up, and custody of the children is hashed out. But often there is another life involved: The future of the furry, four-legged dependent must also be decided.

Pet behavior expert Steven May and family law attorney David Pisarra have each gone through the ordeal of breaking up with a spouse with whom they had a pet. As they began to talk more about their experiences, it became clear this was a subject that needed to be tackled.

Dealing with pet custody after a breakup happens everyday, but is rarely discussed. May and Pisarra’s book, What About Wally: Co-Parenting a Pet with your Ex, hit bookshelves last year—it offers a heartfelt approach to a situation that a lot of people can relate to.

The book begins with the stories of May’s and Pisarra’s divorces and how they amicably worked with their respective exes on how to h andle their dogs. Also included are editorial pieces from each of their former spouses, so you get more than one point of view. “Even though we were going through a lot of emotional hurdles in our breakup,” Pisarra recalls, “We handled the dog well because we knew the other side cared about the animal—you really have to keep that in mind.”

However, both men admit keeping the animal’s best interest in mind can be very difficult in the beginning, ironically for the very same reason: How much the pet means to both people. “You get a new pup, and it [ brings] a new and different angle to the relationship,” May points out. “When separation does occur, there is anger in the realization that someone may not have a pet anymore.”

Next: Tips for pet parenting after a breakup

The authors suggest a number of strategies for navigating the sticky situation of pets and divorce:

Never argue around your pet

You do not want your pet to associate you with anger and any bad feelings he may have when you are fighting with your spouse. “As pet [parents], we believe that we can communicate with our pets, and they can read our emotions,” says May. “Pets are very much a product of their experience, so if there is a lot of yelling in their house and it is not a calm environment, the pet can become very quiet, may stop eating, or will eliminate in the house. Oftentimes the stress can hurt their immune system and make them ill.”

Living apart? Keep it familiar

May believes keeping a similar environment in both locations is important, and suggests buying two sets of the same leashes, food/water bowls, toys, beds, etc. “If you can keep everything the same type for the psyche of the animal, they will get a better sense of security,” he advises.

Get on the same page

The book includes a guide to address issues that often come up when deciding on shared custody of a pet. There are dog-walking schedules, training regimens, food charts, medication reminders, and a schedule to work out visitation rights. Make sure you and your ex agree on how your pet will be taken care of.

Don’t put your pet in the middle of it

There are of course legal ramifications that come into play when dealing with the custody of a pet in divorce cases. Pisarra points out that there are unique issues because, in a legal sense, the pet is viewed as a piece of property.

“Similar to when you are splitting up the belongings, it becomes: ‘Who paid for the sofa? Was it a gift? Was it money the two of you earned?’ That same sort of mentality applies to pets,” says Pisarra. This can cause the battle to become very contentious, and the animal can be used as a tool of manipulation.

“I’ve seen people who have taken the animal just to spite the other person; dropped them off at a [shelter] a hundred miles away; or even gone so far as to take the animal to the vet to be put down, just to hurt the other person,” says Pisarra. “It’s cold. It’s really, really cold. People can be just brutal.”

It’s important to stay levelheaded—sticking your pet in the middle of the battle will only intensify their stress and anxiety.


A divorce can be like an emotional roller coaster and people tend to be reactive, rather than rational. “I talk to a lot of people who say, ‘I wish I would have read this before we split,’” says May. Even when both parties have the best intentions, sometimes there is just no way to make both sides happy.

“It is very traumatic. Many times the judge looks at the husband and wife and says it is in the best interest of the pet to only have one home,” explains May. When that happens there can be a mourning period similar to when the pet dies. “They feel as if they have closed a chapter in their personal life. The pet may represent the last 15 years of their lives and everything starts to flash—all of those memories come back and it is tough.”

Tell us: Have you had to go through a break-up where a pet was involved? Share your experiences and tips in the comments!

8 Tips to Survive a Bad Breakup
The Battlefield of Divorce
Nourishing the Heart of Your Pet

Love This? Never Miss Another Story.


Thomas M.
Past Member 1 years ago

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Sheamus W.
Past Member 2 years ago

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Sheamus W.
Past Member 2 years ago

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Melania Padilla
Melania Padilla2 years ago


Sheila Stevens
Sheila S.2 years ago

Don't see much difference between sharing custody of a pet and that of joint child custody. Not fighting in front of them, keeping the environment similar, etc. It is hard enough to separate from a spouse, let alone to lose your beloved dog or cat in the battle.

Ana R
Ana R2 years ago

Thank you for sharing,

Lynn D.
Lynn D.3 years ago

Thank you ever so much for wonderful article.....if your lucky maybe the pet can pick which person it wants to stay with!

Eric Luu
Eric Luu3 years ago

Thanks for sharing. Pets have emotions too!

Abbe A.
Azaima A.3 years ago


Susan A.
Susan A.3 years ago

Interesting ideas...thanks!