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Unnatural States: The Ethics of Zoo Going

Unnatural States: The Ethics of Zoo Going

The Los Angeles Zoo, while well regarded and an exemplary urban zoo at that, has a dark history (as most long-standing zoos do) that lurks barely under the surface. A mile or so down the road from the existing Los Angeles Zoo in Griffith Park, are the remnants of the first Los Angeles Zoo built in 1913. Without much effort, you could visit these archeological ruins (as that is what they resemble) and gather an idea of how cramped, unnatural, and inhumane the captivity was for these animals. These were not enclosures, or pseudo-natural environments, but cages carved into the rock, and no larger than a small trailer. These were the places where captive lions, gorillas, and bears were relegated to live out their strange existence under the watchful eye of the throngs of zoo goers that flooded the zoo each day.

As I said, The Los Angeles Zoo of today is a much different, more enlightened animal (forgive the pun) than its old shadow self, but still the issues around keeping captive populations of animals in non-native, unnatural environments remain. Many argue that the act of maintaining a responsible zoo is helping to preserve diversity as well as protect endangered animal populations that would otherwise dwindle or perish in the wild. Still, as any parent knows, bringing a child to the zoo is both a thrilling experience, as well as an experience that is fraught with many thorny ethical issues concerning the very existence of zoos.

Basically, zoos are more or less fantastic entertainment for visitors with an underlying educational component for those willing to do the work. The more reputable zoos out there provide rigorous programming to enlighten visitors (young and old) about the nature and existence of the animals on display, as well as teach about conservation. And without a doubt, children love, love, love zoos. But still, as I have always regarded them, they are seemingly necessary evils of human civilization.

To witness the marvel of the animal kingdom (in the comfort of our own cities and towns) we are required to remove these animals from their natural environment, remove them from the vitality and volatility of the wild, and place them in controlled manmade environments to live out the remainder of their existence as living gene bags. OK, this is a little harsh, but anyone who has really observed a wild animal in captivity could plainly see they are lacking that joie de vivre that has been unwittingly traded for safety from predators, free medical care, and a steady diet of grub.

That said, the very best zoos out there are true civic resources as well as exceedingly valuable public spaces. Zoo directors have been credited with creating more naturalistic enclosures and designs to keep animals active, as well as more comfortable. However, I know I am not alone in feeling that ethical conflict, when trotting my toddler from one artificial savannah to a simulated rain forest, that we, as patrons, are both entertained as well as implicated.

How do we present this thorny issue to our children without ruining the fun? Does the mere act of having a sort of cursory contact with these animals bolster our humanity and make us more aware and sympathetic to there cause? Can zoos, no matter how enlightened and progressive, ever escape the limitations of their construct?

Eric Steinman is a freelance writer based in Rhinebeck, N.Y. He regularly writes about food, music, art, architecture and culture and is a regular contributor to Bon Appétit among other publications.

Read more: Animal Rights, Children, Family, Nature & Wildlife, Parenting at the Crossroads, , , , ,

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Eric Steinman

Eric Steinman is a freelance writer based in Rhinebeck, NY. He regularly writes about food, music, art, architecture, and culture and is a regular contributor to Bon Appétit among other publications.

68 comments

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2:52PM PDT on Aug 20, 2012

Thank you for sharing.

2:08AM PDT on Aug 20, 2012

Thank you for sharing.

11:57PM PDT on Aug 19, 2012

Please Govt. Do Something !

8:19AM PDT on Aug 15, 2012

I also remember the typical childhood zoo experiences of a few decades ago, and am encouraged by the habitat improvements being made today by most zoos. To see one of the best examples in the U.S. today, check out our amazing Indianapolis Zoo online.. With NO tax dollars (ever) we have become a pioneer in conservation efforts (including the world's first successful artificial insemination of an African elephant..see Nyah our latest baby in a great video!). Click on the Conservation link and check out the biennial Indianapolis Prize, the world's leading award for conservation, in which $100,000 is given every other year to an individual who has made significant strides in animal conservation..and the competition is great, check out the winners.. If you're ever near Indy, take time to visit the zoo :)

10:13AM PST on Feb 2, 2012

Thanks.

9:01AM PST on Jan 26, 2011

Whenever I think of zoos or a circus, I'm haunted by childhood memories of our local city zoo and the NYS fair grounds. I won't even go into details. I know zoos have come a long way, but I'm still not comfortable visiting them. I've even been to the Columbus, OH zoo which is supposed to be humane. Still didn't like it. And any circus using animals should be outlawed. Not to mention horse drawn carriages on busy car and noise congested streets.

9:10AM PST on Jan 21, 2011

I feel zoos are animal prisons and having them only encourages public sentiment that it is ok to imprison animals in unnatural environments that are stressful to them, especially marine animals and large animals like rhinos and elephants, who roam miles daily in their natural habitats. That being said, we do have a problem with poaching for many animals in their natural habitats, many in Africa and Asia, and we have a responsibility to save these animals from extinction. Zoos are not the answer for large animals; sanctuaries are, where there is a much more natural environment in which animals can bond with each other and live lives more like they'd live in the wild. Sanctuaries can and do have visits from the public and profit from them and so help offset their expenses. Marine animals should never be kept for public view, because they can only be kept in tanks which can never replicate their natural environment. And keeping birds in cages? Is anything more cruel than to deprive a being of the one thing it was meant to do?

11:52AM PST on Jan 20, 2011

I think most zoos nowadays, at least in the U.S. anyway, (I don't know what the conditions are like in other countries) have really cleaned up their act and strive to provide as natural and happy an environment for their animals as possible. They are also actively involved in conservation efforts and saving endangered species, as well as educating the public and fostering an appreciation of wildlife. One thing I've noticed that annoys me though is not with zoos themselves, but with parents or teachers that don't supervise their children while at the zoo. Tapping on glass, yelling, and making loud noises is NOT kind to animals and is stressful for them. Please start teaching kids some respect!

11:14AM PST on Jan 15, 2011

There's no information in this article, just one person's narrow opinion. People learn to love animals by seeing them and hearing them. You can't truly appreciate the roar of a lion until you actually hear it. You can't imagine how fast 2 baby hippos can move when chasing each other and playing--through the water and on land.

6:05AM PST on Jan 15, 2011

Thanks for the info.

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