What’s the Difference Between Sulfured and Unsulfured Fruit?

Dried fruit has many health benefits and provides a nutritious option when youíre looking for a sweet snack. But have you ever wondered why some dried fruit is sulfured and some isnít? Read on to find out the pros and cons of sulfuring fruit, and what other choices you have.

What is sulfured fruit?

Sulfured fruit has been dried using sulfur dioxide as a preservative. This should be listed in the ingredients on a dried fruitís package, so you can check if a fruit has been sulfured before buying it.

Sulfur dioxide prevents dried fruit from spoiling and turning brown. Itís often used for brightly-colored fruit to keep them more attractive. Some of the most commonly sulfured fruits are dried apricots, peaches, apples, pineapple, papaya, mango and golden raisins.

Sulfur dioxide is a gas. Itís typically produced by burning elemental sulfur, which is a byproduct collected from burning natural gas and oil in industrial operations. Sulfur dioxide is also used in wine making, as a disinfectant or fumigant, in bleaching agents and processed into sulfuric acid.

Is sulfur dioxide bad for you?

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration considers sulfur dioxide safe to consume when used as a food additive. Dried fruit contains very small amounts of sulfur dioxide, which are well below recognized toxic amounts.

Despite this fact, there is reason to be cautious about eating sulfured fruit. Sulfur dioxide can induce asthma when inhaled or ingested by those who are sensitive to it, even in small amounts.

Another concern is that sulfur dioxide is a type of sulfite. This means if you have an allergy or sensitivity to sulfites, avoid anything containing sulfur dioxide. It can cause symptoms like difficulty breathing, hives, skin rash or facial swelling.

In addition, sulfur dioxide is considered one of the top six most harmful air pollutants in the world. Itís a primary component of acid rain and causes many health problems globally. Sulfur dioxide gas in the atmosphere is primarily created by burning fossil fuels like coal and gasoline. This may not relate directly to your consumption of dried fruit, but using less of this chemical will only help the environment.

Inhalation of sulfur dioxide pollution can cause a burning sensation in your nose and throat or difficulty breathing, especially in people with asthma. Short-term exposure to high levels of sulfur dioxide can be life-threatening. And long-term exposure can lead to changes in lung function and worsen existing heart disease.

Also, exposure to high amounts of sulfur dioxide in air or food can harm the development of a baby during pregnancy.

What are the alternatives?

The natural alternative is unsulfured fruit, which has been dried without using preservatives. Itís usually dried by sun exposure, a commercial dehydrator or simply air drying.

You can look for unsulfured dried fruit in your local health food or other grocery store. The label will often state that the fruit is unsulfured. Another benefit of unsulfured fruit is that it usually wonít have any added sugar, which you can often find in sulfured fruit.

Organic dried fruit is guaranteed to be unsulfured as organic regulations donít allow the use of sulfur or other preservatives. Organic dried fruit may not last as long because of this, but you can always freeze dried fruit to make it last longer if needed.

If you have an abundant source of fresh fruit, another great option is to dry your own fruit. That way youíll know exactly whatís in it. Penn State Extension has a great overview of how to dry your own fruit and vegetables.

Related
This Dangerously Delicious Food Additive Can Cause Brain Damage
How to Avoid These Common Food Carcinogens
11 Ways to Preserve Food Besides Canning

 

79 comments

Telica R
Telica Rabout a month ago

Thanks for sharing

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Melania P
Melania Padilla3 months ago

Interesting, I didn't know. Thanks!

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Clare O'Beara
Clare O'Beara3 months ago

th

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Christine S
Christine Stewart4 months ago

I don't know why I think unsulfured raisins taste fine, but unsulfured apricots seem yucky?

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Jim V
Jim Ven6 months ago

thanks

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Jerome S
Jerome S6 months ago

thanks for sharing.

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Ruth S
Ruth S6 months ago

Thanks.

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Carl R
Carl R6 months ago

Thanks!!!

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Carl R
Carl R6 months ago

thanks!!!

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rosario p
rosario p6 months ago

The difference between sulfured and unsulfured at the end , health and environmental aspects apart, is the price, at least twice as expensive are unsulfured. The same if you dry at home unless you use solar heat energy which is free and clean. There are plenty of constructions ideas in the net and low cost.

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