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Why Is Selling Salmonella-Tainted Chicken Still Legal?

When researchers last year at the Emerging Pathogens Institute ranked foodborne pathogens to figure out which was the worst, Salmonella was number one on their list. It was ranked the food poisoning bacteria with the greatest public health burden on our country, the leading cause of food poisoning hospitalization, and the number one cause of food-related death. Where do you get it from?

In my NutritionFacts.org video Total Recall I talked about the threat of eggs. According to the FDA, 142,000 Americans are sickened every year by eggs contaminated with Salmonella. That’s an egg-borne epidemic every year. But Salmonella in eggs was only ranked the tenth worst pathogen-food combination. Salmonella in poultry ranks even worse; it’s the fourth worst contaminated food in the United States in terms of both cost and quality-adjusted years of life lost.  In terms of getting Salmonella poisoning from various U.S. Foods, eating chicken may be eight times riskier than eating eggs.

Due to strengthening of food safety regulations under the Clinton administration, the number of Americans poisoned by chicken dropped every year from about 390,000 to 200,000. This was rightly hailed as a significant accomplishment. So now eating chicken only sickens 200,000 people in the U.S. every year. Isn’t that a bit like some toy company boasting that they’ve reduced the amount of lead in their toys and they’re now poisoning 40 percent fewer kids? Hundreds of thousands sickened isn’t exactly something to boast about, and the numbers have since rebounded upwards.

Since the late ’90s human Salmonella cases have increased by 44 percent. The rebound in incidence of Salmonella infection is likely a result of several factors, but one important risk factor singled out is eating chicken, since the proportion of chicken carrying infection has increased.  When people think manure in meat they typically think ground beef, but when you look at E. coli levels there’s fecal matter in about 65 percent of American beef and in more than 80 percent in poultry (chicken and turkey).

Why have we seen a decrease in the Jack-in-the-box E. coli O157 but not chicken-borne Salmonella? In the last decade or so, E. coli infected beef and subsequently children has dropped by about 30 percent. Salmonella, on the other hand, has actually increased over the last 15 years. One reason for the difference is that the O157:H7 was declared an “adulterant,” defined as any poisonous or deleterious substance that may render meat injurious to health. So selling E. coli laden beef is illegal.

Why is beef laced with E. coli contaminated fecal matter considered adulterated, but chicken laced with Salmonella contaminated fecal matter okay? It certainly kills more people than the banned E.coli. It all goes back to a famous case in 1974, when the American Public Health Association sued the USDA for putting its stamp of approval on meat contaminated with Salmonella.

What could the USDA possibly say in meat’s defense? They pointed out that there have been Salmonella outbreaks linked to dairy and eggs, for example, too, so since “there are numerous sources of contamination which might contribute to the overall problem.” It would be “unjustified to single out the meat industry and ask that the Department require it to identify its raw products as being hazardous to health.” That’s like the tuna industry arguing there’s no need to label cans of tuna with mercury levels because you can also get exposed eating a thermometer.

The DC Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the meat industry position, arguing you can allow potentially deadly Salmonella in meat because, “American housewives are…normally are not ignorant or stupid and their methods of preparing and cooking of food do not ordinarily result in salmonellosis.” What? That’s like saying oh, minivans don’t need seatbelts because soccer moms don’t ordinarily crash into things.

I’ve talked about this travesty before in my blog post Why is it Legal to Sell Unsafe Meat? and video Unsafe at Any Feed. Don’t worry, though, the meat industry is on it! See my videos Viral Meat Spray and Maggot Meat Spray (if you dare! :))

My video Food Poisoning Bacteria Cross-Contamination explains that raw meat can be dangerous no matter how long you cook it and Fecal Bacteria Survey features an industry trade journal explaining the difference between the attitude in Europe and The United States.

The Center for Science in the Public Interest has petitioned the USDA to bar the sale of Salmonella-contaminated meat, but so far to no avail.

In health,
Michael Greger, M.D.

PS: If you haven’t yet, you can subscribe to my videos here and watch my full 2012 year-in-review presentation Uprooting the Leading Causes of Death.

Image credit: Chris Brown via Wikimedia Commons

Related:
E. Coli O145 Ban Opposed by Meat Industry
Drug Residues in Meat
What Is the Healthiest Meat?

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Dr. Michael Greger

A founding member of the American College of Lifestyle Medicine, Michael Greger, M.D., is a physician, author, and internationally recognized speaker on nutrition, food safety, and public health issues. Currently Dr. Greger serves as the Director of Public Health and Animal Agriculture at The Humane Society of the United States. Hundreds of his nutrition videos are freely available at NutritionFacts.org.

34 comments

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10:22PM PDT on Oct 3, 2013

What Sue H said!

7:18PM PDT on May 8, 2013

Too scary. Thanks Dr. Greger.

2:00AM PDT on May 8, 2013

Interesting, Laurie R. In some countries, 'The Dark Side' is also Monsanto, always fighting to prevent labelling of GMO foods. Agreed, one must be cautious of your source no matter if one is omnivore, vegetarian or vegan. Avoiding factory farms is a good idea.

Very true, LLOYD H when you say: "...Why does the good Dr. fail to mention that salmonella is found in illness causing levels on the skins/rinds of nearly every melon you can buy and if you cut the melon without properly washing it first you infect all of the flesh of the melon with each cut. Then there is the plain simple scientific fact that nearly 3X more e-coli and salmonella out breaks are caused by lettuce, leafy greens, fruits, veggies and nuts and their products than by all meat/poultry/fish and their products."

1:59AM PDT on May 8, 2013

True, Lloyd H, the answer to that is that the doctor is vegan and meat is a ‘no no’, so he often presents yet another meat scare article. To him even organic non-factory farmed meat is shunned. One can get seriously ill from both meat and veggies if there is enough bacteria on either. Eating out can increase risks for both and hygienic in home food preparation goes a long way to prevent food poisoning.

5:39PM PDT on May 5, 2013

noted

5:37PM PDT on May 5, 2013

Noted!

8:06AM PDT on May 5, 2013

a question Congress should answer

8:30PM PDT on May 4, 2013

thanks

7:26PM PDT on May 4, 2013

TY

1:37PM PDT on May 4, 2013

At times like this, I'm glad I stopped eating meat, BUT I still handle it for my pets and they eat raw.
Their health problems went away mostly by switching to a raw food diet. They must tolerate bacteria better than we do.

Last month my father in law was admitted to the hospital due to E coli and salmonella from a chicken dinner at a restaurant. It was no joking matter, he was in intensive care then to the cardiac unit as the strain from the food poisoning affected his heart.

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