For #1, while much of the immediate and visible damage of the spill was addressed through the massive spill and clean-up responses mobilized in 2010, states affected by the spill are now assessing the less immediate and less visible impacts on fish, wildlife, and natural habitats as part of the Natural Resources Damages Assessment process. These assessments will determine damages to be paid as compensation for the spill.
For #2, we need to shore up the vital habitats that make the Gulf of Mexico so productive for fisheries and so appealing for tourism and recreation. Protecting the Gulf’s most important oyster reefs, marshes, estuaries, sea grasses, and other productive habitats will nurture the next generation of fish, shrimp and crab that are born and grow up there. Similarly, protecting the Gulf’s marshes, bays and beaches preserves the abundant wildlife and scenic beauty that epitomizes the Gulf Coast. Even before the spill, The Nature Conservancy was working with other conservation organizations and government agencies to protect and restore the Gulf’s most important places. Now, that work takes on even greater importance.
#3 is the most important priority for long-term restoration of the Gulf. People rely on the Gulf of Mexico for food, jobs and protection from storms. They identify with the Gulf as a part of their daily lives, as part of their sense of place. The spill damaged that deep connection between people and nature—as evidenced by Cindy’s choice of dinner entree. Repairing that damage will take a long time, but it is absolutely essential. A restoration economy offers a pathway back along which jobs and economic recovery go hand-in-hand with environmental restoration.
Now, one-and-a-half years after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, British Petroleum has received approval to drill a new deepwater well in the Gulf of Mexico. As oil and gas production returns to business as usual, it’s important to keep in mind how the rest of the Gulf of Mexico ecosystem still needs help.
That’s where you can come in. First, next time you sit down to enjoy a meal of fresh seafood, think about how important it is that it comes from a clean and healthy ocean—because awareness is the first step to action. Second, voice your support for conservation and help support long-term restoration of the Gulf of Mexico. And third, read the report “A Once and Future Gulf of Mexico” and learn more about actions that can restore this vital ecosystem.
Jonathan Hoekstra is senior scientist with The Nature Conservancy. He provides leadership on diverse issues including restoration of the Gulf of Mexico, climate change, ecosystem services, energy and agriculture. He holds B.S. and M.S. degrees in Biological Sciences from Stanford University and a Ph.D in Zoology from the University of Washington. Opinions expressed here are the personal opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Nature Conservancy.
Image: Volunteers help The Nature Conservancy build an oyster reef in Mobile Bay, Alabama, to restore the Gulf of Mexico. Source: Erika Nortemann/TNC