One of the my most important outdoor experiences was spending a week backpacking on Isle Royale National Park, in Lake Superior, as a teenager. Early one morning, as I sat on the shores of a pond on the island I spotted a gray wolf on the other side of the pond. I swear it looked me in the eye, as we shared in the beauty of the beginning of the day. That wildlife encounter stuck with me, and years later, I knocked on doors to gain support for reintroducing wolves to suitable areas in Colorado.
In the mid-1990s, I was the head of a statewide Wyoming conservation organization when wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park. In Yellowstone, wolves quickly reestablished a natural order to the park, culling out weak deer and elk, and out-competing coyotes. Areas that were once overgrazed by elk and deer recovered and birds, beaver, and other wildlife are bouncing back. The return of the wolf has pumped new tourism dollars into local communities around Yellowstone as people from all over the world come to see and hear wolves in the wild.
Unfortunately, the hatred for wolves from a small, yet politically powerful group of western state leaders in Wyoming prompted efforts to establish a state funded wolf bounty, and eventually categorized wolves as essentially “vermin.” Such state “predator” status means wolves are regarded as pests outside of Yellowstone. No longer protected as an endangered species outside of park boundaries, hundreds have been trapped and shot, ensuring that they will not recover as a viable species in most of the West.
Last June, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service proposed no longer protecting gray wolves as an endangered species in the vast majority of the country, threatening any chance of wolves returning to much of their former range. Putting the fate of wolves back into the hands of the western state politicians will not keep them on the road to recovery, but send them down a path to destruction.
This is also a critical time for Mexican wolves, the smallest, rarest, southernmost-occurring wolf. Although the Mexican wolf would keep its “endangered” status, the Fish and Wildlife Service has proposed changes that could severely limit recovery efforts for this wolf, one of the most endangered animals in North America. Today, there are only about 75 Mexican wolves living in the wild. Education efforts and increased law enforcement throughout the Mexican wolf recovery area are needed to prevent more such killings.
If you live our west, you can tell the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in person that wolves must be protection. The agency has rescheduled public hearings to take place on November 19 in Denver, Colorado, November 20 in Albuquerque, New Mexico, November 22 in Sacramento, California and December 3 in Pinetop, Arizona. Each public hearing will include a short briefing by the US Fish and Wildlife Service and provide the public a chance to give comments as well.
And if you can’t be there in person, join us in calling for more wolf protections with this online action. Add your voice to the more than 700,000 other Americans who’ve urged the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to hold true to their duty to uphold the spirit of the Endangered Species Act and continue to recover wolf populations to the wild.
A few years ago, in Yellowstone, my wife, 8-year old son and 13-year-old daughter watched a pack of wolves close in on a herd of elk in Yellowstone. We shared a spotting scope with a woman from Wisconsin, a family from Spain, and a long-time Wyoming resident. Seeing that pack of wolves stalking a herd of elk, and watching the elk clump together to defend themselves against the pack showed that the laws of nature have been restored to Yellowstone.
We must allow the recovery of wolves to continue under the Endangered Species Act; the job is far from done. Bringing back wolves restores predator-prey interactions that preceded humans and shaped the wild special places that we all love today.