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- 1998 days ago -
Danny Ayalon, Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister, has chosen this period of the Jewish High Holidays to launch a new campaign, named "I Am A Refugee," whose goal is to raise international awareness of the fate of the Jews who have fled Arab countries since 1

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Past Member (0)
Monday October 1, 2012, 6:19 am
Noted. Thanks.

pam w (139)
Monday October 1, 2012, 9:57 am
And if every Jew and every Christian were forced to flee Islamic countries.....would they be satisfied then? Or would they STILL be hounding Jews?

Gillian M (218)
Tuesday October 2, 2012, 3:38 am
Almost every Jew has been forced out. When Sadam took over the "throne" he celebrated by hanging Jews.

These refugees are part of the peace negotiations but both Arafat and Abbas refuse to talk about them. Yet the people known as the Palestinians, forced out of their homes by ARABS in 1948, are everyone' concern. They are no longer refugees but the Muslim controlled countries in which they live will not allow them citizenship which is against international law. Who cares that these countries break laws as long as we buy their oil?

Yet prior to Husseini and Hitler becoming bosom buddies, Jews were not regarded as different, they were Iraqis (or whichever) first then Jews. Now they are just Jews and refugees with no right of return or compensation.

Stan B (123)
Tuesday October 2, 2012, 4:15 am
You are right, Gillian. The father of one of my best friends was publicly hanged in Baghdad after the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948.
His crime???? He was a prominent member of the Jewish community.

Abdessalam Diab (145)
Tuesday October 2, 2012, 6:57 am
I reproduce a post one of my friends made that is far more truthful and better researched.

In 1942 Ben Gurion presented to experts and to leaders of the Yishuv (pre-1948 Jewish community in Palestine) his 'Plan for Mass Immigration' (Tochnit Ha'Million) which aimed to bring a million Jews to Palestine. In this project the Jews in the Islamic lands were accorded a central demographic role. In practice, the plan to bring Jews from Arab countries was not implemented until after Israel's establishment. In Israel the Mizrahim (Jews from Arab countries) were subjected to a process of de-Arabization. As Ben Gurion put it, "We do not want the Israelis to be Arabs. It is our duty to fight against the spirit of the Levant that ruins individuals and societies" (Shohat 1988:6). The Arab past of the Mizrahi Jews threatened to affect the coherence of the homogeneous Israeli nation and to blur the boundary between Jews and Arabs. The thrust toward modernization that was implemented as state theory and practice served as a major rationale for creating a non-Arab "homogeneous public." The negative status of Arabness among the Israeli-Zionist public induced the Mizrahim to cooperate with the Israeli modernization and de-Arabization project. (Yehouda Shenhav, Jews from Arab Countries and the Palestinian Right for Return: An Ethnic Community in Realms of National Memory, The British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 29(1): 27-56. 2002.)

In fact the expulsion theory negates the classic Zionist account in which emigration from the Arab nations is a byproduct of the Zionist consciousness, not due to expulsion.

"Refugee status produced by a coordinated Arab expulsion diminishes the importance of Zionist activity to remove the Jews from the Arab countries. Even the more moderate position, holding that the Jews in those countries were caught up in turbulent events and became refugees due to historical circumstances, contests the classic Zionist account by all but eliminating the role attributed to Zionist consciousness as a reason for Jews to move to Israel". (Yehouda Shenhav, Jews from Arab Countries and the Palestinian Right for Return: An Ethnic Community in Realms of National Memory, The British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 29(1): 27-56. 2002.)

A few things that are wrong with the famous narrative of 900,000+ Jews being expelled from Arab countries fail to note the following:

The emigration was encouraged by International and Zionist organizations and their "expulsion" was voluntarily in nature.

The reasons for leaving these Arab nations were often borne from "economic difficulties, social hardships and political upheavals which caused economic, social and political instability, and that these were major factors in many of the decisions made by Jews to leave".

Many of the 900,000+ Jews who emigrated from Arab and Muslim countries were under British, French or Spanish administration.

The following countries Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Lebanon, Iraq, Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan and Yemen show a de-population of approximately 939,000 Jews to approximately 16,000. This fact is used to support the notion of these nations being so ant-Semite that they persecuted the Jewish citizens causing them to flee.

History, though, doesn't quite support these claims.

Emigration from Iran - In 1948 Iran was pro-Western and relatively secular ruled by Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. The Shah had close relations with Israel which started with Iran's recognition of its Statehood in 1948 and continued to the overthrowing of the Shah in 1979.

The actual anti-American, anti-Israel and anti-Zionist ideology only became evident after the Shah was overthrown. Much of the immigration though of the Jews from Iran was prior to 1979 with the Jewish population being reduced to 80,000 Jews by 1951. Since Iran was at that time Israeli friendly, recognized Israel's statehood, the people emigrating at that time didn't have much to do with expulsion, but actual voluntary emigration to Israel.

Many Jews also emigrated when Iran was invaded by Iraq, as did many Iranians.

Certainly the present Iran regime is oppressive to the Jewish people, but Jews are recognized in their constitution and are free to practice their religion, have full constitutional rights. They are though not allowed to travel to Israel directly.

I am certainly not even trying to state that all is well in Iran for the Jewish population, but much of the claimed emigration and expulsion is actual voluntarily emigration based on factors outside of the realm of discrimination and oppression because they are Jewish.


Emigration from Afghanistan seems to have stemmed from economic instability, the severing of relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan in 1961. The severe drought in 1971 and 1972, Russian influence, "royal family malfeasance caused conditions in Afghanistan to deteriorate quickly". The number of Jews living in Afghanistan decreased to 200 in 1973. There is really no indication that the Jewish population emigrated due to anything other than economic and political considerations.


From the Jewish Agency's own website regarding immigration to Israel by Yemeni Jews:

In the early years of the first wave of the Zionist return to the land of Israel, (the first Aliyah, which began in 1881), the Jews of Yemen were stirred by the news that Jews were returning in large numbers to the Holy Land, information which they tended to interpret in messianic terms. As a result, several thousand members of the community, (which was only a few tens of thousands strong) decided to make their way to the Land of Israel where they settled among tremendous hardship in and around Jerusalem.

The pattern repeated itself in a slightly different manner in the second decade of the twentieth century, when a representative of the pioneer settlers (chalutzim) came to Yemen to try and attract the Yemenites to go on Aliyah. Using traditional language and dressed in traditional Yemenite dress, he made an enormous impact on the community with his stories of the revival of the Jewish community in Zion. Thousands more Yemenites did leave for Eretz Yisrael in the years preceding World War I. In fact, by 1948, over 20,000 Yemenites are considered to have made Aliyah, the highest proportion by far of any Diaspora community before the founding of the State of Israel.

In the Matawakkilte Kingdom of Yemen which was ruled by a theocratic king, Imam Yahya from 1904 - 1948, the whole kingdom was essentially sealed off from the rest of the world as they had no paved roads, no schools, etc. The bone of contention has been the allegation of the law of orphan conversion as a basis of anti-Semitism and emigration. However, this was from the below abstract published recently in Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies, Volume 29, Number 1, Fall 2010.

"The twentieth century revival of a Zaydi law requiring the conversion of orphaned Yemeni Jewish children has been described in both popular and scholarly literature as exemplifying anti-Semitism and provoking emigration from Yemen. Recent scholarship has concluded that this law was implemented infrequently and sporadically. However, as of yet no serious attempt has been made to explain when and why Imam Yahya chose to enforce the Orphans' Decree. This article attempts to fill this lacuna by describing a coherent and consistent policy through which the Imam applied this decree, or protected against it, as a manifestation of his authority vis-ŕ-vis rival Yemeni Muslim political authorities. It concludes that inter-Muslim political conflict and not the desire to persecute or convert Jews was the primary motivation for implementing the Decree."

In fact, there is much to support an optimistic "view of Yemenite Jewish history" which does not "deny discrimination, but paints a more nuanced less bleak picture.

"The Jews ranked relatively high within the tribal system of Yemen. Many studies of traditional highland Yemen (Brauer 1934; Farago 1939) suggest a rigid order of social hierarchy. The term "caste" is used to apply to endogamous units defined by occupational trades and attendant prejudices. Within this system, the Jews were generally not ranked as low caste or "untouchable." (Gerholm 1977) Aside from being subject to paying a particularly higher jizya or "poll tax," Jews in Yemen were usually well treated, with soldiers protecting their synagogues and their quarters. (Goitein 1955) Muslims even made donations to encourage Jewish piety. Rural Jews, removed from the main centers of Zaydi control, generally fared even better within the various social groupings. The orphan decrees, restrictions on camel and donkey riding, forced removal of wastes by Jews from alleyways and Muslim home areas, and other similar restrictions were unknown in many rural regions. Yemenite Jews, who spoke Arabic and sang- even religious songs in both Hebrew and Arabic, especially the songs of the famous poet Shalom Shabbazi (16th century), felt at home in Yemen and adapted well to their environment." (Daily Kos, Jewish Emigration from Arab and Muslim Countries Following Israeli Independence, 2011).

The Jewish population of Yemen in 1948 was estimated to be 45,000 in North Yemen and 8,700 in Aden and decreased to 500 and 150 respectively by 1966 under which Yemen was still under British control. Certainly there were times of conflict for instance during the anti-Jewish riots of 1947 when two Jews were accused of murdering two local girls, but much of the emigration took place through Operation Magic Carpet in which the United States and British air lifted 48,000 Yemeni Jews from Yemen. "Operation Magic Carpet" (1949-1950), in which fifty thousand Yemenite Jews were lured to Israel by the claim that on the foundation of Israel, "the Messiah had appeared there". So this mass exodus, was not due to expulsion, but actually based on a lie to promote Israeli immigration.

Here too mass immigration to Israel was more based upon the British Military Administration allowing the immigration. Those who left could take all of their possessions which were portable and all of their money. Their properties were placed under the control of "Administrative Committee for the Immovable Assets of Emigrants’ which was run by directors selected by the Jewish community councils. This committee managed the properties, distributed rental and sales income to their owner which the owners appointed prior to emigrating.

Certainly there was unrest and violence perpetuated towards the Jewish population. In Tripoli, in 1967, poorer Jews was moved to a military camp and placed under police protection, those who remained in their homes were also placed under police protection. When the Libyan government actually was asked by the Jewish population to temporarily leave Libya, they were granted permission and transported to the airport under police protection. This behavior is not indicative of a government's expulsion, rather there was much consideration for the safety of the Jewish population from the Libyan people.

By 1968 only about 100 Jews remained in Libya which continued to decrease until it was reported that the last Jew in Libya immigrated to Italy in 2003.

Certainly it is true that once Gaddafi overthrew the Libyan government in 1969, he implemented several anti-Jewish laws. The problem with using this as a reason for an "expulsion" is that most of the Jewish population had already left.

It was estimated that in 1948 5,200 Jews lived in Lebanon which increased to about 6,000 in number by 1966. Due to the unease the population felt after the Lebanon crisis, Christians, Muslims and Jews began to emigrate. In 1966, the Intra Bank collapsed creating an economic crisis. During the 1967 Six Day War, Guards were posted in Jewish districts to maintain public order and calm fears. Despite these actions, half of the Jewish Lebanese population emigrated. Lebanon was neutral towards the Six day war. Following the Six Day War, Lebanon faced much political instability and upheaval and during this time, due to the unease many felt during this period, most of the remaining Lebanese Jewish population, along with many Muslims, Christians and Druze who emigrated during this period. The Lebanese civil war finished off the emigration leaving approximately only 400 Jews remaining in Lebanon by 1976.

The opposite of expulsion of the Jewish population is what occurred in Syria post 1948. In fact, in order to cease the emigration of Syrian Jews, restrictions of movement were placed on them Travelling out of country was forbidden to cease Jewish emigration. Don't get me wrong, Syria in subsequent years treated the Jewish people terribly, but to claim they were expelled is untrue.

So, while I am certainly not claiming that the Jewish people have been treated well within many of these countries, I am stating that much of the immigration to Israel occurred prior to the implementation of oppressive regimes. To claim that 900,000+ Jews were expelled from Arab Nations is a falsehood, yet is continually parroted on Care2.

This whole massive Jewish expulsion from Arab states is just another tactic to deny the Palestinians legitimate right of return. Certainly anyone who has been "EXPELLED" from any country deserves that same right, along with compensation, but to claim that there was a huge expulsion of 900,000+ people just doesn't fly.

Eddie O. - Another Gandhi quote of 1939 regarding the question of the Jewish state was ""But", Gandhi asserted, "My sympathy does not blind me to the requirements of justice. The cry for the national home for the Jews does not make much appeal to me. The sanction for it is sought in the Bible and in the tenacity with which the Jews have hankered after their return to Palestine. Why should they not, like other peoples of the earth, make that country their home where they are born and where they earn their livelihood?".

Another one was "Palestine belongs to the Arabs in the same sense that England belongs to the English or France to the French. It is wrong and inhuman to impose the Jews on the Arabs... Surely it would be a crime against humanity to reduce the proud Arabs so that Palestine can be restored to the Jews partly or wholly as their national home."

His final thoughts on Zionism were this:

"I do believe that the Jews have been cruelly wronged by the world. But in my opinion, they [the Jews] have erred grievously in seeking to impose themselves on Palestine with the aid of America and Britain and now with the aid of naked terrorism... Why should they depend on American money or British arms for forcing themselves on an unwelcome land? Why should they resort to terrorism to make good their forcible landing in Palestine?"

Christine Linley (12)
Tuesday October 2, 2012, 10:10 am
Abdessalam Diab Thank you once again for an enlightening article that presents the facts without hysteria or biast.

Stan B (123)
Tuesday October 2, 2012, 3:34 pm
I wonder how many Jews are still living in Egypt.

In reaction to the Suez Crisis of 1956, the Egyptian government expelled almost 25,000 Egyptian Jews and confiscated their property, and sent approximately 1,000 more Jews to prisons and detention camps. The population of Jewish communities of Muslim Middle East and North Africa was reduced from about 900,000 in 1948 to less than 8,000 today.

Looks like the answer is NONE.

Imran A. (10)
Tuesday October 2, 2012, 3:40 pm
@ Abdessalam Diab - Narrated Abu Huraira:
While we were in the Mosque, the Prophet came out and said, "Let us go to the Jews." We went out till we reached Bait-ul-Midras. He said to them, "If you embrace Islam, you will be safe. You should know that the earth belongs to Allah and His Apostle, and I want to expel you from this land. So, if anyone amongst you owns some property, he is permitted to sell it, otherwise you should know that the earth belongs to Allah and His Apostle." (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 53, Number 392)

Islam's goal is world domination, as Muhammad stated the whole world belongs to him. So if Jews, Christians and other non-Muslims leave where they live, where will they go to? Another planet? If non-Muslims try to enter Mecca, they will be beheaded because the Arabic Qur'an calls them dirty like feces.

@ Christine - how "enlightening" is this?

Jennifer Ward (40)
Tuesday October 2, 2012, 5:23 pm
A portion of the area known as 'Palestine' was declared the state of Israel by the UN in 1948. The other 70% was divided up between Jordan and Syria. The people of Palestine at the time were Bedouins, Syrians and Eygtians. 'Palestinians' are a construct of Yassar Arafat in the latter half of the last century. Why aren't the 'Palestinians' claiming their 70% that was claimed by the new state of Jordan and Syria instead of waging war over a small fraction that is really nothing in the overall scheme of things?

Ira Herson (13)
Tuesday October 2, 2012, 5:34 pm
Abdessalam Diab you have no credibility. Your research and truth have included statements that the Jews killed Kennedy. That President Benjamin Franklin warned against Jews that the Mossad was responsible for 9/11. As for the many thousands of Jewish refugees that you discount they had to live in tents in the Sinai for years until they could be housed.
It did not matter that Jewish families lived in the Arab lands for thousands of years they were hounded expelled and murdered by your friends. But that is OK with you because they are only Jews.

Tuesday October 2, 2012, 5:45 pm
"nothing in the overall scheme of things". If the land is nothing Phyllis, why does Israel occupy it and are constantly building settlements on it?

No one wants trouble makers, land thieves, and malcontents among them. This is why the European powers settled Israel in the middle east. Other proposed places of settlements where in Uganda in Africa and someplace in South America. Since the holocaust was committed in Europe; Europe should be the main homeland of the Jews.

No matter where the Zionist entity is placed, the world would still have this problem. The zionist is a group that is never satisfied. the more riches, land, and power accumulated is never enough.

America is practically on it knees and the middle east on the brink of explosion, and Europe about to default to the delight of the zionist entity. Jesus stated that the kingdom of heaven lies within.Well, this is why Jesus was so heated by them.

Gillian M (218)
Tuesday October 2, 2012, 5:52 pm
Stan, Egypt repaired 22 synagogues yet the only visitors are toruists.

abdesalam's religion tells him to lie to and abuse non-Muslims. It tells him that it is OK to kill non-Muslims also known as kaffirs or dhimmies. His people kill, rape and abuse Coptic Christians, keep them living in a rubbish tip and not allow them to build churches even after the Egyptian Muslims have burned them down

Now we have established abdesalam as a liar and a racist, how can we believe anything he says? In fact, he is calling the refugees, both in Israel and elsewhere, liars. Now, we already know that he is..... so they must be telling the truth.

The Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries (Arabic: التهجير الجماعي لليهود من الدول العربية والإسلامية‎ at-tahjīr al-jamāʻī lil-yahūd min ad-duwal al-ʻArabīyah wal-Islāmīyah) was a mass departure, flight and expulsion of Jews, primarily of Sephardi and Mizrahi background, from Arab and Muslim countries, from 1948 until the early 1970s. Though Jewish migration from Middle Eastern and North African communities began in the late 19th century, and Jews began leaving some Arab countries in the 1930s and early 1940s, it did not become significant until the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. From the onset of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War until the early 1970s, 800,000–1,000,000 Jews left, fled, or were expelled from their homes in Arab countries; 260,000 of them reached Israel between 1948 and 1951 and amounted for 56% of the total immigration to the newly founded State of Israel. Only 136,000 of the immigrants were in fact remnants of the displaced Jews of World War II. 600,000 Jews from Arab and Muslim countries had reached Israel by 1972. By the Yom Kippur War of 1973, most of the Jewish communities throughout the Arab World, as well as Pakistan and Afghanistan, were practically non-existent.

The reasons for the exodus included push factors, such as persecution, antisemitism, political instability and expulsion; together with pull factors, such as the desire to fulfill Zionist yearnings or find a better economic status and secured home in Europe or the Americas. A significant proportion of Jews left due to political insecurity and the rise of Arab nationalism, and later also due to policies of some Arab governments, who sought to present the expulsion of Jews as a crowd-driven retaliatory act for the exodus of Arab refugees from Palestine. Most Libyan Jews fled to Israel by 1951, while the citizenship of the rest was revoked in 1961, and the community remnants were finally evacuated to Italy following the Six Day War. Almost all of Yemeni and Adeni Jews, were evacuated during 1949–1950 in fear of their security. Iraqi and Kurdish Jews were encouraged to leave in 1950 by the Iraqi Government, which had eventually ordered in 1951 "the expulsion of Jews who refused to sign a statement of anti-Zionism". The Jews of Egypt began fleeing the country in 1948,[8] and most of the remaining, some 21,000, were expelled in 1956. Algerian Jews were deprived of their citizenship in 1962 and as a result immediately abandoned the country for France and Israel. Moroccan Jews began leaving for Israel as a result of the 1948 pogroms, with most of the community leaving in 1960s. Many Jews were required to sell, abandon, or smuggle their property out of the countries they were fleeing.

The Jewish refugees from Middle East and North Africa had no assistance from the UNRWA, why am I not surprised?

Gillian M (218)
Tuesday October 2, 2012, 5:59 pm
Phyllis, don't forget that Israel was actually mostly desert or swamp land when Jews moved in and bought much of the land. The few Arabs there laughed at them until they saw the swamps drained and the desert irrigated with crops being grown.

Also, remember that the koran says that the jews will return to the land of Israel and that the Muslims are to help them. If they are proper Muslims, they should not be trying to destroy Israel and kill all Jews, they should be supporting and helping Israel.

Helen Porter (39)
Tuesday October 2, 2012, 6:38 pm
If only we could recognize, the people are one people.

We must learn not to receive for self alone but rather to receive to share.

What happens on the other side of the globe affects me.

We each have something to give. We each need to receive,. When we learn to receive to share, there will be plenty ofr everyone, people and animals alike,.

Alexander Werner (53)
Tuesday October 2, 2012, 9:55 pm
Including Jewish refugees and counting TRUE Arab refugees, rather than their descendants, is a great step towards resolution the current impasse.

No refugee group other than Arabs is allowed to include grandchildren of real refugees, who grew up either in Arab countries, US or EU as refugees! UNWRA is a puppet of Arab lobby, who managed to push through their supremacist agenda.

To be fair, UNWRA needs to be disbanded immediately, with all its duties and budget going to UNHRC, which takes care of everybody else! All refugees must be treated equally! After all, this is OUR tax money.


Tom Edgar (56)
Wednesday October 3, 2012, 1:01 am
As posted elsewhere. This article is supposed to justify the theft of the Protectorate of Palestine and given to a religion.? Prior to the formation of the new State of Israel, Muslims Jews, Christians, and others lived 'Relatively" harmonious lives in the Protectorate of Palestine. This was followed by wholesale theft of property, and national identity of Muslims who were unceremoniously, evicted from their homeland, aided and abetted by the U S A & the U K,

Bob Algeron. Most other REFUGEES are not forcibly evicted from their homeland for ideological, strategic, or religious reasons, two notable exceptions are the Palestinians and that other group from Diego Garcia, who had their whole country stolen by the Americans with the connivance of the "Protectors" Britain. Both the Palestinians and the Diego Garcians must believe Britain is a "Protector" only of its own interests.

Stan B (123)
Wednesday October 3, 2012, 1:28 am
Wrong Tom. The protectorate of Palestine was divided equally between Arabs and Jews. Sadly , the Arabs decided not to accept this decision and have been paying the price ever since. This whole problem could have been resolved in 1948 if the Arabs had been more reasonable.

Ira Herson (13)
Wednesday October 3, 2012, 4:08 am
I guess no one was evicted from Pakistan in 1948 with the partition of India. Oh yes there were several million that had to leave what is now Pakistan. They were refugees but not supported by the UN. So I guess we should dismantle Pakistan. Oh cant do that it would upset the Muslims.

As to the statement that Jews and Muslims lived in harmony prior to the partition you would have to ignore the massacre of hundreds of Jews long before there was ever a mention of partition.

It is time to face facts that Israel is a sovereign nation and has a right to exist. The constant attacks by state sponsored terror by nations like Iran and Syria only go to undermine the position of the Palestinians and keep them in a refugee status.

Stop calling Jews the brothers of Pigs and Monkeys and start negotiations then maybe there will be an end to this.

Abdessalam Diab (145)
Wednesday October 3, 2012, 7:56 am
"Every honest Jew who knows the history of his people cannot but feel a deep sense of gratitude to Islam, which has protected the Jews for fifty generations"...
Israeli Jewish author and peace activist Uri Avnery in Mohammed's Sword.
Uri Avnery is an Israeli peace activist and a former Knesset member.

Abdessalam Diab (145)
Wednesday October 3, 2012, 8:13 am
There is still a Jewish community in Egypt until this moment.Before and during world war 2 and while Jews were under attack everywhere in Europe,Egypt gave shelter to Jews who came to Egypt looking for safety.They continued to live there until the time when the Zionist entity was created.At that time the Euroean Jews as well as many of the Egyptian Jews left the country towards the the promised land. Many Egyptian Jews continued to live in Egypt till around 1954 when it was discovered that many of them have been recruited by the Mossad and were involved in a series of terrorist crimes against US diplomatic buildings in Cairo and Alexandria and other criminal terrorist acts against movie theatres....etc. in what is known as Lavon scandal .Those who left were either involved in crimes against Egypt's security or convinced of the dream of Zionism.

Abdessalam Diab (145)
Wednesday October 3, 2012, 8:36 am
None of the members of the Zionist Orchestra or Hasbara graduates who commented here challenged the facts mentioned in my first comment. Just calling names,pointing fingers and talking about thing that are not related to this subject at all.
What are they going to say when I post here the what an Israeli professor at Tel Aviv University said about this subject and was published
at a famous Israeli newspaper HAARETZ long ago on August 15,2003. His name is Yehouda Shenhav and this is what he wrote.

Hitching a ride on the magic carpet
Any analogy between Palestinian refugees and Jewish immigrants from Arab lands is folly in historical and political terms
By Yehouda Shenhav Aug.15, 2003 | 12:00 AM

An intensive campaign to secure official political and legal recognition of Jews from Arab lands as refugees has been going on for the past three years. This campaign has tried to create an analogy between Palestinian refugees and Mizrahi Jews, whose origins are in Middle Eastern countries - depicting both groups as victims of the 1948 War of Independence. The campaign's proponents hope their efforts will prevent conferral of what is called a "right of return" on Palestinians, and reduce the size of the compensation Israel is liable to be asked to pay in exchange for Palestinian property appropriated by the state guardian of "lost" assets.
The idea of drawing this analogy constitutes a mistaken reading of history, imprudent politics, and moral injustice.
Bill Clinton launched the campaign in July 2000 in an interview with Israel's Channel One, in which he disclosed that an agreement to recognize Jews from Arab lands as refugees materialized at the Camp David summit. Ehud Barak then stepped up and enthusiastically expounded on his "achievement" in an interview with Dan Margalit.
Past Israeli governments had refrained from issuing declarations of this sort. First, there has been concern that any such proclamation will underscore what Israel has tried to repress and forget: the Palestinians' demand for return. Second, there has been anxiety that such a declaration would encourage property claims submitted by Jews against Arab states and, in response, Palestinian counter-claims to lost property. Third, such declarations would require Israel to update its schoolbooks and history, and devise a new narrative by which the Mizrahi Jews journeyed to the country under duress, without being fueled by Zionist aspirations. That would be a post-Zionist narrative.
At Camp David, Ehud Barak decided that the right of return issue was not really on the agenda, so he thought he had the liberty to indulge the Mizrahi analogy rhetorically. Characteristically, rather than really dealing with issues as a leader, in a fashion that might lead to mutual reconciliation, Barak acted like a shopkeeper.
This hot potato was cooked up for Barak and Clinton by Bobby Brown, prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu's adviser for Diaspora affairs, and his colleagues, along with delegates from organizations such as the World Jewish Congress and the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations.
WOJAC fails
A few months ago Dr. Avi Becker, secretary-general of the World Jewish Congress, and Malcolm Hoenlein, executive vice chairman of the Conference of Presidents, persuaded Prof. Irwin Cotler, a member of Canada's parliament and an expert on international law, to join their campaign. An article by Becker published a few weeks ago in the Hebrew edition of Haaretz (July 20), entitled "Respect for Jews from Arab lands," constituted one step in this public campaign. The article said little about respect for Mizrahi Jews. On the contrary - it trampled their dignity.
The campaign's results thus far are meager. Its umbrella organization, Justice for Jews from Arab Countries, has not inspired much enthusiasm in Israel or among Jews overseas. It has yet to extract a single noteworthy declaration from any major Israeli politician. This comes as no surprise: The campaign has a forlorn history whose details are worth revisiting. Sometimes recounting history has a very practical effect.
The World Organization of Jews from Arab Countries (WOJAC) was founded in the 1970s. Yigal Allon,then foreign minister, worried that WOJAC would become a hotbed of what he called "ethnic mobilization." But WOJAC was not formed to assist Mizrahi Jews; it was invented as a deterrent to block claims harbored by the Palestinian national movement, particularly claims related to compensation and the right of return.
At first glance, the use of the term "refugees" for Mizrahi Jews was not unreasonable. After all, the word had occupied a central place in historical and international legal discourses after World War II. United Nations Security Council Resolution 242 from 1967 referred to a just solution to "the problem of refugees in the Middle East." In the 1970s, Arab countries tried to fine-tune the resolution's language so that it would refer to "Arab refugees in the Middle East," but the U.S. government, under the direction of ambassador to the UN Arthur Goldberg, opposed this revision. A working paper prepared in 1977 by Cyrus Vance, U.S. secretary of state, ahead of scheduled international meetings in Geneva, alluded to the search for a solution to the "problem of refugees," without specifying the identities of those refugees. Israel lobbied for this formulation. WOJAC, which tried to introduce use of the concept "Jewish refugees," failed.
The Arabs were not the only ones to object to the phrase. Many Zionist Jews from around the world opposed WOJAC's initiative. Organizers of the current campaign would be wise to study the history of WOJAC, an organization which transmogrified over its years of activity from a Zionist to a post-Zionist entity. It is a tale of unexpected results arising from political activity.
`We are not refugees'
The WOJAC figure who came up with the idea of "Jewish refugees" was Yaakov Meron, head of the Justice Ministry's Arab legal affairs department. Meron propounded the most radical thesis ever devised concerning the history of Jews in Arab lands. He claimed Jews were expelled from Arab countries under policies enacted in concert with Palestinian leaders - and he termed these policies "ethnic cleansing." Vehemently opposing the dramatic Zionist narrative, Meron claimed that Zionism had relied on romantic, borrowed phrases ("Magic Carpet," "Operation Ezra and Nehemiah") in the description of Mizrahi immigration waves to conceal the "fact" that Jewish migration was the result of "Arab expulsion policy." In a bid to complete the analogy drawn between Palestinians and Mizrahi Jews, WOJAC publicists claimed that the Mizrahi immigrants lived in refugee camps in Israel during the 1950s (i.e., ma'abarot or transit camps), just like the Palestinian refugees.
The organization's claims infuriated many Mizrahi Israelis who defined themselves as Zionists. As early as 1975, at the time of WOJAC's formation, Knesset speaker Yisrael Yeshayahu declared: "We are not refugees. [Some of us] came to this country before the state was born. We had messianic aspirations."
Shlomo Hillel, a government minister and an active Zionist in Iraq, adamantly opposed the analogy: "I don't regard the departure of Jews from Arab lands as that of refugees. They came here because they wanted to, as Zionists."
In a Knesset hearing, Ran Cohen stated emphatically: "I have this to say: I am not a refugee." He added: "I came at the behest of Zionism, due to the pull that this land exerts, and due to the idea of redemption. Nobody is going to define me as a refugee."
The opposition was so vociferous that Ora Schweitzer, chair of WOJAC's political department, asked the organization's secretariat to end its campaign. She reported that members of Strasburg's Jewish community were so offended that they threatened to boycott organization meetings should the topic of "Sephardi Jews as refugees" ever come up again. Such remonstration precisely predicted the failure of the current organization, Justice for Jews from Arab Countries to inspire enthusiasm for its efforts.
Also alarmed by WOJAC's stridency, the Foreign Ministry proposed that the organization bring its campaign to a halt on the grounds that the description of Mizrahi Jews as refugees was a double-edged sword. Israel, ministry officials pointed out, had always adopted a stance of ambiguity on the complex issue raised by WOJAC. In 1949, Israel even rejected a British-Iraqi proposal for population exchange - Iraqi Jews for Palestinian refugees - due to concerns that it would subsequently be asked to settle "surplus refugees" within its own borders.
The foreign minister deemed WOJAC a Phalangist, zealous group, and asked that it cease operating as a "state within a state." In the end, the ministry closed the tap on the modest flow of funds it had transferred to WOJAC. Then justice minister Yossi Beilin fired Yaakov Meron from the Arab legal affairs department. Today, no serious researcher in Israel or overseas embraces WOJAC's extreme claims.
Moreover, WOJAC, which intended to promote Zionist claims and assist Israel in its conflict with Palestinian nationalism, accomplished the opposite: It presented a confused Zionist position regarding the dispute with the Palestinians, and infuriated many Mizrahi Jews around the world by casting them as victims bereft of positive motivation to immigrate to Israel. WOJAC subordinated the interests of Mizrahi Jews (particularly with regard to Jewish property in Arab lands) to what it erroneously defined as Israeli national interests. The organization failed to grasp that defining Mizrahi Jews as refugees opens a Pandora's box and ultimately harms all parties to the dispute, Jews and Arabs alike.
Lessons not learnedThe World Jewish Congress and other Jewish rganizations learned nothing from this woeful legacy. Hungry for a magic solution to the refugee question, they have adopted the refugee analogy and are lobbying for it all over the world. It would be interesting to hear the education minister's reaction to the historical narrative presented nowadays by these Jewish organizations. Should Limor Livnat establish a committee of ministry experts to revise school textbooks in accordance with this new post-Zionist genre?
Any reasonable person, Zionist or non-Zionist, must acknowledge that the analogy drawn between Palestinians and Mizrahi Jews is unfounded. Palestinian refugees did not want to leave Palestine. Many Palestinian communities were destroyed in 1948, and some 700,000 Palestinians were expelled, or fled, from the borders of historic Palestine. Those who left did not do so of their own volition.
In contrast, Jews from Arab lands came to this country under the initiative of the State of Israel and Jewish organizations. Some came of their own free will; others arrived against their will. Some lived comfortably and securely in Arab lands; others suffered from fear and oppression.
The history of the "Mizrahi aliyah" (immigration to Israel) is complex, and cannot be subsumed within a facile explanation. Many of the newcomers lost considerable property, and there can be no question that they should be allowed to submit individual property claims against Arab states (up to the present day, the State of Israel and WOJAC have blocked the submission of claims on this basis).The unfounded, immoral analogy between Palestinian refugees and Mizrahi immigrants needlessly embroils members of these two groups in a dispute, degrades the dignity of many Mizrahi Jews, and harms prospects for genuine Jewish-Arab reconciliation.
Jewish anxieties about discussing the question of 1948 are understandable. But this question will be addressed in the future, and it is clear that any peace agreement will have to contain a solution to the refugee problem. It's reasonable to assume that as final status agreements between Israelis and Palestinians are reached, an international fund will be formed with the aim of compensating Palestinian refugees for the hardships caused them by the establishment of the State of Israel. Israel will surely be asked to contribute generously to such a fund.
In this connection, the idea of reducing compensation obligations by designating Mizrahi immigrants as refugees might become very tempting. But it is wrong to use scarecrows to chase away politically and morally valid claims advanced by Palestinians. The "creative accounting" manipulation concocted by the refugee analogy only adds insult to injury, and widens the psychological gap between Jews and Palestinians. Palestinians might abandon hopes of redeeming a right of return (as, for example, Palestinian pollster Dr. Khalil Shikai claims); but this is not a result to be adduced via creative accounting.
Any peace agreement must be validated by Israeli recognition of past wrongs and suffering, and the forging of a just solution. The creative accounts proposed by the refugee analogy turn Israel into a morally and politically spineless bookkeeper.
Yehouda Shenhav is a professor at Tel Aviv University and the editor of Theory Criticism, an Israeli journal in the area of critical theory and cultural studies.


Alexander Werner (53)
Wednesday October 3, 2012, 12:36 pm
Tom Edgar: "Most other REFUGEES " WERE "forcibly evicted from their homeland for ideological, strategic, or religious reasons". Arabs from Palestine are even hardly qualifying to this rule, because many of them left Israel because of Arab propaganda inviting them to stay away while "Noble armies of One Arab Nation" will exterminate the Jews.

If Arab states agreed for the Jews to have their own state - "Muslims Jews, Christians, and others could lived 'Relatively" harmonious lives, but they did not. Leaving aside Israel, you can see that other nations suffering at the hands of Arab rulers - Druze, Bahai, Azeris, Ishmaelis, Kurds - dream of their own states, are mercilessly executed and even gassed, and are definitely not having "harmonious lives".

All other nations without exceptions took responsibility for their brothers and sisters: Germans, Jews, Japanese, Russians, Uzbeks, Serbs - only Arab States turned their back at their unlucky ones and pushed all expenses on their well-being to UN, to US, Canadian and EU taxpayers.

As I said, UNWRA serves exclusively one ethnic group, making Palestinian Arabs THE WORLD BEST PAID REFUGEES. If kept as is, even great-great-grandchildren of Arab migrant workers, who happened to live from Jun 1946 till May 1948 in Palestine will be considered "refugees" and getting our tax money. Note, not Ssaudi money, OUR Infidels' money.

Alexander Werner (53)
Wednesday October 3, 2012, 12:47 pm

Arab states grabbed ALL lands of the Middle East, they have 10,000 times more lands than Israel. They may try to be free loaders and avoid contributing anything, hoping to push the bill to US and West., but that won't go.

You can get many puppets singing your tunes, but the properly stolen from the Jews by the Arab states before killing them or expelling was much more than Arabs owned in Israel. Arab states took laws to forbid return stolen Jewish property to their legal owners, thus making themselves exactly like Nazi Germany.

Telling nonsense that Jews left Arab states voluntarily won't fool anyone either, because nobody leaving by his will will not leave huge fortunes behind, as Jews had to do.

And the count of Jewish refugees by far exceeds the count of Arab refugees, many of them phony, not even talking about their descendants.

If Arabs want peace, they have to admit injustices and war they imposed on Jews, pay compensations to refugees from their countries and stop demanding preferential treatment at someone else's expense.

Stan B (123)
Wednesday October 3, 2012, 3:27 pm
The true situation in Egypt, not Abdessalem's spin version.

Aharoni is one of thousands of Egyptian Jews who left or were expelled from Egypt starting in 1948 with the establishment of the state of Israel. Between 50,000 and 100,000 Egyptian Jews left, according to unofficial estimates. Nationalist feelings swept through the country during that time and anti-Jewish sentiment ran high as Egypt went to war with Israel four times until 1973. Many Jews were accused of participating in Zionist activities and arrested. Some left the country and went to Israel and others went to Europe or North America.

Today, what remains of what was once one of the most vibrant Jewish communities in the Middle East, are less than 100 Egyptian Jews in a population of 69 million. Most are elderly women. There are no rabbis. They are unable to form a prayer group which requires at least 10 Jewish men.

There are about a dozen synagogues in Cairo today, 18 less than in previous decades. The other one that is open to the public besides the downtown synagogue is Ben Ezra -- the second oldest Jewish temple in the world. Caretakers there say only tourists have been coming through the synagogue. Several key holy sites have been restored through efforts of the Jewish Community Council of Cairo and donations from international Jewish organizations.

Most Jews living in Egypt keep a low profile and are wary of the media. Surviving members do not want to bring attention to their tiny community amid the continuing tense Arab-Israeli relations.

Abdessalam Diab (145)
Thursday October 4, 2012, 7:37 am
Beware Bob A. and Stan b.
1 - Saying that Arab Jews were expelled and forced to leave to Israel is not only incorrect but also proves that the creation of the Zionist entity was not meant to attract Jews in general as pretended but only for European Jews . It also means that Arab jews were against the Zionist entity and didn't believe in Zionism. The proof is we still have a Jewish community in Egypt and other Arab countries.It doesn't matter whether they are small or big communities, It means that Israel doesn't represent Jews but is rather a Zionist and fascist entity.
2 - You failed to challenge the points raised by Israeli writers/professors . This is why you are back again to your broken records trying to play them again on an old gramophone.
3 - Restoration of Synagogues is done by the Egyptian Antiquities Authority and paid for by the Egyptian tax payers because they are a part of the Egyptian heritage that includes : Ancient Egyptian , Greco - Roman,Jewish,Christian and Islamic heritage.

Alexander Werner (53)
Thursday October 4, 2012, 8:35 am

1. Israel is for those Jews who WANT to go there. Some Jews wanted to stay in Arab countries, but were robbed and expelled, if not killed. Those Jews who preferred to stay in Arab states are not refugees.
2. Many Israeli writers are seeking publicity through Islamic lobby, which pays well. There is no need to respond to their claims that "Israel is a fascist entity" when Arabs are among Israeli generals, business people, politicians and writers. 20% of Israeli Arabs vote for Zionist parties.
3. Egyptian authorities restore Synagogues as Museums to get cash from tourists. This is not done for the Jews, which are almost none left in Egypt. Israel builds mosque for Muslims on Israeli taxpayers money.

Egyptian heritage towards Christians makes news more and more often: burning a Church here, robbing businesses there, beating a preacher here, disgracing a girl there.

Abdessalam, you should realize that the West, no matter how much humanitarian it is, get tired of being played for a fool for too long. Morsi militancy and Arab rejectionism in general are worse for Arabs than for Israelis - Egyptians are starving and begging money for food from Obama, and not only Egyptians. And your usual broken record about "occupation" does not fly here either...


Stan B (123)
Thursday October 4, 2012, 8:47 pm
FACTS. Before the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948 the Jewish population of Egypt was around 80000.
Today, after years of persecution, there are LESS THAN 100 Jews living in Egypt and they are old people too afraid to practice their faith.

Having got rid of its Jews, Egypt is now doing its best to get rid of its Christian population and doing a very good job. Many churches have been destroyed and people murdered.

What is it about Islam that makes its followers unable or unwilling to co-exist with other faiths?

Abdessalam Diab (145)
Friday October 5, 2012, 7:09 am
Gale Encyclopedia of the Mideast & N. Africa:
Lavon Affair

1960s political crisis in Israel sparked by the security "mishap" of 1954.
The Lavon Affair was a dramatic and divisive political crisis that shook the entire Israeli political system, led to the resignation of prime minister David Ben-Gurion in July 1963, and caused major shifts in political alignments in the state. Its roots lay in what the Israeli press nicknamed Esek ha-Bish (the "Mishap"). A dormant group of Israeli-trained Egyptian Jews who were prepared for missions of espionage and sabotage in the event of war were ill-advisedly activated in June 1954 under orders from Colonel Benjamin Gibli (Givly), the head of the Intelligence Division of the Israeli Defense Forces. They were instructed to detonate firebombs in a few U.S. and British cultural institutions in Cairo and Alexandria in order to disrupt the negotiations, which were nearing conclusion, on the evacuation of British troops from bases along the Suez Canal. The group was captured by Egyptian security services. Two of the leading saboteurs were sentenced and hanged, an Israeli spy committed suicide in prison, and the others were sentenced to long terms of imprisonment.
Colonel Gibli maintained that he had received orders from Pinhas Lavon, who at the time was replacing Ben-Gurion as minister of defense. A secret inquiry committee appointed by the government of Moshe Sharett could not reach a clear judgment, and both Gibli and Lavon were obliged to resign their respective posts.
Four years later the commander of the special unit in charge of the operation in Egypt disclosed that one of the documents presented to the 1954 cabinet inquiry committee was forged. The attorney general was asked by Ben-Gurion to look into these allegations. Colonel Gibli admitted the forgery but continued to claim that he had received the order orally from Lavon, and that he had been compelled to forge the document when he realized that Lavon was trying to put all the blame on him. Lavon, who was then serving as secretary-general of the Histadrut, Israel's powerful trade-union umbrella organization, demanded a public exoneration from Ben-Gurion, who declined to give it, insisting that the affair had to be subjected to a judicial investigation.
Despite strict censorship, the incident became known under different euphemisms and code names to the general public, stirring up a political crisis within and outside of the Labor Party. The entire country was divided between those who supported Ben-Gurion's position and those who opposed him. The aging prime minister had angered the second generation of party leaders by promoting a group of still younger people such as Moshe Dayan and Shimon Peres to important posts in the government, jumping over the heads of his erstwhile loyal lieutenants. For his part, Ben-Gurion was enraged that Lavon had brought his grievances to different forums outside of the party and had mobilized pressure by parties and newspapers that sought to weaken Labor's long-standing political dominance.
In order to quiet things down, the minister of finance, Levi Eshkol, by then the most powerful political figure besides Ben-Gurion, asked the minister of justice, Pinhas Rosen, to lead a ministerial committee of seven to determine how to deal with Lavon's demand for exhonoration and to bring the crisis to an end. This committee ruled that Lavon had not given the order for the sabotage action and that the document was indeed a forgery. But BenGurion was indignant and threatened to resign if Lavon did not quit his post at the Histadrut. Ben-Gurion, the "Old Man," was still powerful enough to impose his will on the party's central committee, but the entire affair weakened his standing among most of his party's elite. Eshkol refused to retract the committee's exonerating verdict and Ben-Gurion continued to demand a judicial inquiry. Additional friction ensued between BenGurion and the party elite, led by Golda Meir, minister of foreign affairs, who until then had been a long-time loyal supporter of Ben-Gurion. These frictions included a bitter controversy over Israel's relations with West Germany and over the development of the Israeli nuclear option.
The tired and embittered seventy-seven-year-old Ben-Gurion resigned in June 1963. Levi Eshkol replaced him as prime minister and minister of defense. In the 1965 elections Ben-Gurion and some of his supporters in the Lavon Affair split from the Labor Party and formed a new party, Rafi (List of Israeli Workers). This effectively marked the end of Ben-Gurion's political career.

Read more:

Abdessalam Diab (145)
Friday October 5, 2012, 7:25 am
The Lavon Affair: Terrorism to Coerce the West

ONE: Start immediate action to prevent or postpone Anglo-Egyptian Agreement. Objectives are: one, cultural and information centers; two, economic institutions; three, cars of British representatives and other Britons; four, whichever target whose sabotage could bring about a worsening of diplomatic relations. TWO. Inform us on possibilities of action in Canal Zone. THREE. Listen to us every day at 7 o'clock on wavelength G.

This coded cable was sent to the Israeli spy ring which had been planted in Egypt many months before it was activated in July 1954. The ring originally was to serve as a fifth column during the next war. The cable was preceded by oral instructions given by Colonel Benjamin Givii, head of Israel's military intelligence, to an officer headed for Cairo to join the ring. These instructions were:

[Our goal is] to break the West's confidence in the existing [Egyptian] regime .... The actions should cause arrests, demonstrations, and expressions of revenge. The Israeli origin should be totally covered while attention should be shifted to any other possible factor. The purpose is to prevent economic and military aid from the West to Egypt. The choice of the precise objectives to be sabotaged will be left to the men on the spot, who should evaluate the possible consequences of each action ... in terms of creating commotion and public disorders.13

These orders were carried out between July 2 and July 27, 1954, by the network which was composed of about ten Egyptian Jews under the command of Israeli agents. Negotiations were at their height between Cairo and London for the evacuation of the Canal Zone, and between Cairo and Washington for arms supplies and other aid in connection with a possible U.S.-Egyptian alliance. British and American cultural and informational centers, British-owned cinemas, but also Egyptian public buildings (such as post offices) were bombed in Cairo and Alexandria. Suspicion was shifted to the Muslim Brothers, opponents of Nasser's regime. The Israeli ring was finally discovered and broken up on July 27, when one of its members was caught after a bomb exploded in his pocket in Alexandria.

On that same date Sharett, who knew nothing about the ring, was informed of the facts, and he began to collect evidence on the responsibilities of defense ministry and army officials. He did nothing beyond this, however, until October 5, when Cairo officially announced the imminent trial of the arrested saboteurs. Sharett then fully supported the campaign launched by Israel to present the case as an anti-Jewish frame-up by the Egyptian regime. On December 13, two days after the trial opened in Cairo, the prime minister denounced in the Knesset "the plot ... and the show trial . . . against a group of Jews . . . victims of false accusations."* His party's paper, Davar, went as far as to accuse the Egyptian government of "a Nazi-inspired policy." Horror stories of confessions extracted from the accused under torture circulated in the Israeli and international media. Sharett knew all this to be untrue. "In reality," he wrote in his diary on January 2, 1955, "except for the first two days of their arrest, when there was some beating, the treatment of our men was absolutely decent and humane." But publicly, he kept silent did not himself join the massive anti-Nasser chorus. Even the members of the cabinet, the president of the state, not to speak of the press, were not officially informed until some time in February, when rumors exploded on each street corner in Israel. Then the true story came out, that the government propaganda had been false from beginning to end, that the terrorist ring was indeed planted in Egypt by the Israelis and the only frame-up in question was the one invented against Egypt by the Sharett administration.

*See Appendix 4.

By the time the trial was over-two of the accused were condemned to death and executed, eight were condemned to long terms of imprisonment, while the three Israeli commanders of the operation succeeded in fleeing from Egypt and the fourth committed suicide other important facts became known to the prime minister. The technical question of who actually gave the order to activate the ring on a certain date was not to be cleared up until six years later, when a fourth or fifth inquiry commission finally and definitely exonerated Lavon from that responsibility, and established that Dayan, Peres, Givli and other, minor, "security" aides had forged documents and falsified testimonies in order to bring about the incrimination of the minister of defense. In 1954-55, Sharett anticipated the findings of that commission, figuring that the entire leadership of the security establishment was guilty of the affair. For him, the question of who gave the order was secondary to the necessity of pronouncing a judgment on the ideology and politics of lsrael's terrorism. Therefore, while he had no doubts about the guilt of the Dayan-Peres-Givli clique, to him Lavon's political responsibility was also inescapable.

[People] ask me if I am convinced that "he gave the order?' . . . but let us assume that Givli has acted without instructions ... doesn't the moral responsibility lie all the same on Lavon, who has constantly preached for acts of madness and taught the army leadership the diabolic lesson of how to set the Middle East on fire, how to cause friction, cause bloody confrontations, sabotage targets and property of the Powers [and perform] acts of despair and suicide" (10, January 1955, 639

Copied and pasted from this book :ISRAEL'S SACRED TERRORISM

by Livia Rokach, Third Edition

A study based on Moshe Sharett's Personal Diary, and other documents. Foreword by Noam Chomsky

Index and Foreword

To all the Palestinian victims of Israel's unholy terrorism, whose sacrifice, suffering and ongoing struggle will yet prove to be the pangs of the rebirth of Palestine...


First published in the United States of America by AAUG Press c1980, 1982, 1986 by the Association of Arab-American University Graduates, Inc. All rights reserved in the U.S. Published 1980. Third Edition 1986

Printed in the United States of America

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Rokach, Livia. lsrael's sacred terrorism. (AAUG information paper series: no. 23) ISBN 0-937694-70-3

Abdessalam Diab (145)
Friday October 5, 2012, 7:27 am
Zionists and their hasbara graduates should be ashamed if they have the slightest sense of honesty. Apparently they don't.

Jay S (116)
Friday October 5, 2012, 9:04 am
Tom Edgar, Abdessalam and all you other Jew and Israel hating bigots. What incredible BS you spout.

Not one of you, especially all you muslims, ever condemn the Muslim invasion, conquest and rule of Jerusalem (or any place!) and its desecration of the holiest site in all Judaism, the Temple Mount, where Muslims, giving the finger to Jews and Judaism, built their blasphemous Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa mosque.

What hypocrites you all are. Islam has murdered an estimated 270million people in its conquests for 1400 years, and it's not finished yet until Muslims have conquered us all and forced us to live under primitive, barbaric Sharia law. Abdessalam won't tell you that.

Israel is the only free democracy in a sea of darkness, superstition and hateful Islam-occupied countries. Where's your outrage over that? Every nation ruled by Islam was taken by the sword, the native peoples slaughtered, converted by force or forced to pay a heavy tax (only Jews and Christians got this 'kind' treatment).

Muslims seem to think that by not murdering people, as their vicious, hateful deity commands, they should be grateful they are allowed to just survive, though under Islam no true freedom of religon, speech or conscience is allowed. There is no Muslim ruled land that has these freedoms. Let's hear Abdessalam apologize for that and condemn it. Fat chance. He, like Islam teaches, believes infidels are 'blessed' by being killed by Muslims, then they might even have a chance to enter Allah's Great Brothel in the Sky, and let's hear him condemn Islam's commands that no other religion can ever be treated equally with Islam.

Muslims never apologize for their atrocities, but manage to find some way to make them, and their religion's inventor, sound kind and benevolent while enslaving, persecuting, oppressing and discriminating against non-muslims.

Carola May (20)
Friday October 5, 2012, 9:21 am
Here's another article about the atrocities committed by the brutal Muslim Brotherhood Orthodox Muslim tyranny in Gaza: And here's one about Muslim Palestinians' brutal bigotry and treatment of gay people. Abdessalam approves.

Gaza persecutes all non-Muslims, and even all non-Sunnis, women and gays. There are no freedoms there. Most Christians have fled the persecutions in both Palestinian occupied territories and gays are persecuted, imprisoned and tortured, while nearby Tel Aviv, Israel was named the world's most gay-friendly city in 2011.

All you who support these primitive hatemongers and terrorists and hate free Israel are the true bigots and hatemongers. Where is your rage against the persecutions and human rights abuses in the Palestinian occupied territories, especially Terrorist Hamas' Gaza? Islam commands Muslims to kill all Jews so their day of resurrection can come! (Bukhari:V4B52N176-7) Mohammed had hundreds of Jewish men and boys beheaded for not accepting as the next Jewish prophet. Muslim will try to tell you that they attacked him, but read their own texts for the true story of his mass murders. He forced others to flee and stole all their wealth. Allah praised him for his hate, murders and violence. Nice god.

It's sickening to read all your appeasement, apologies and defense of terrorism, hate, persecution and human rights abuses. Muslim countries don't recognise the UN Charter on Universal Human Rights. They have their own 'Cairo Declaration'. Why? Because the UN Declaration calls for equal rights for women, protection of children from exploitation and freedom of religion, conscience, speech and press - all things Islam's god forbids.

Next Abdessalam will be quoting the few nice verses in the qur'an, which he, and I, know were all abrogated or cancelled by all the much later hate verses of violence and hate against all non-Muslims. I've read the qur'an, hadith and sirah. Either he hasn't or he is lying through his teeth, as Mohammed commanded in order to promote Islam (Taqiyya). Disgusting.

Jay S (116)
Friday October 5, 2012, 9:29 am
BTW Abdessalam and Muslims in general make the absurd claim, not even backed up by their own texts, that non-Muslims were lovingly and equally treated by their Muslim conquerors and overlords. Forced circumcision, enslavement, destruction/confiscation of non-Muslim houses of worship, death for criticizing Islam, second class treatment, discrimination,and so much more.

Here's what a famous Spanish Jew had to say about brutal Muslim rule there (he fled with his family):

Moses Maimonides (ben-Maimon), famous 12th Century Jewish Scholar, persecuted in Islamic Spain was a preeminent medieval Jewish philosopher and one of the greatest Torah scholars and physicians of the Middle Ages. He was born in Córdoba, Almoravid Muslim-ruled Empire (present-day Spain) on Passover Eve, 1135. In 1148 the Almohad Muslims took over and threatened all Christians and Jews with conversion to Islam, death or exile. It is thought he may have pretended conversion, though his family chose to escape in exile:

“The nation of Ishmael (Islam - from Abraham's bastard rejected son) persecutes us severely and devises ways to harm us and to debase us. None has been able to reduce us as they have. We have done as our sages instructed us, bearing the lies and absurdities of Ishmael. We listen but remain silent. In spite of all this, we are not spared from the ferocity of their wickedness and their outbursts at any time. On the contrary, the more we suffer and choose to conciliate them, the more they choose to act belligerently toward us.”

Stan B (123)
Saturday October 6, 2012, 12:48 am
Abdessalam. You are obviously a well-educated, intelligent man but sadly you are the victim of a culture and society that stifles individual thought and opinion.
I made the point that the Jewish population of Egypt has gone from more than 80000 to a mere 100 today and you come back with long, boring and irrelevant copy and pastes about the Lavon affair.
It's very sad to see someone with your intelligence unable to escape from the intellectual straight jacket that many years of indoctrination has imposed on you.
It's time you forgot the dogma and name calling and started to think for yourself. You have everything to gain and nothing to lose.
Salam alaikum.

Abdessalam Diab (145)
Monday October 8, 2012, 7:37 am
This is a post about the tactics of the Zionist entity to face and abuse UN resolutions regarding Palestinian refugees who were forced by Zionist terrorist gangs to leave their towns,villages,property,houses and land in and before 1948 while Jews left looking for the promised land . Some people ,mostly hasbara graduates,are unfortunately unable to challenge the facts I posted which an Israeli wrote and the facts about the loyalty of many Arab jews to the Zionist entity against the countries like Egypt which gave them shelter from the Holocaust in Europe . I think ,however,that the best way to let them shut up is to ignore their ignorance. I also think that the best way,if they don't shut up,is to let them bark. PERIOD.
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