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The Toxic 100: Top Corporate Air Polluters Identified


Environment  (tags: animals, climate-change, CO2emissions, destruction, ecosystems, endangered, environment, globalwarming, greenhousegases, habitatdestruction, healthconditions, humans, nature, oceans, politics, pollution, research, science, trees, water, weather, wildlife )

Kit
- 597 days ago - truth-out.org
The top five air polluters among large corporations are: (no surprise here) The German-owned Bayer Group, Textron Inc., General Electric Co., Precision Castparts, Koch Industries.



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Kit B. (277)
Tuesday August 28, 2012, 3:03 pm
(Photo: Monica Almeida / The New York Times)


Researchers at the Political Economy Research Institute (PERI) at the University of Massachusetts Amherst today released the 4th Toxic 100 Air Polluters (toxic100.org), an updated list of the top corporate air polluters in the U.S.

"The Toxic 100 Air Polluters informs consumers and shareholders which large corporations release the most toxic pollutants into our air," said Professor James Boyce, co-director of PERIs Corporate Toxics Information Project. "We assess not just how many pounds of pollutants are released, but which are the most toxic and how many people are at risk. People have a right to know about toxic hazards to which they are exposed. Legislators need to understand the effects of pollution on their constituents."

The Toxic 100 Air Polluters Index is based on air releases of hundreds of chemicals from tens of thousands of industrial facilities across the U.S. The rankings take into account not only the quantity of releases, but also the toxicity of chemicals, factors such as prevailing winds and height of smokestacks, and the number of people exposed.

The Toxic 100 Air Polluters rankings include large privately held firms, such as Koch Industries, as well as the world's largest publicly traded corporations.

The top five air polluters among large corporations are:

The German-owned Bayer Group,

Textron Inc.,

General Electric Co.,

Precision Castparts, and

Koch Industries.

The Toxic 100 Air Polluters also includes information on the disproportionate risks from industrial air pollution for minorities and low-income communities. This makes it possible to compare corporations and facilities in terms of their environmental justice performance as well as overall pollution. For example, the data reveal that minorities bear 69 percent of the air toxics risk from facilities owned by ExxonMobil, while minorities make up less than 40 percent of the U.S. population.

Users of the Toxic 100 Air Polluters list can view the details behind each company's Toxic Score, including the names and locations of individual facilities owned by the corporation, the chemicals emitted by those facilities, and the share of the Toxic Score borne by minorities and people living in poverty. The website also provides a searchable database with this information for all firms operating in the United States, regardless of size.

The data on chemical releases come from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Toxics Release Inventory (TRI). The TRI is widely cited in press accounts that identify the top polluters in various localities. But reports based on TRI data alone have three limitations:

* Raw TRI data are reported in total pounds of chemicals, without taking into account differences in toxicity. Pound-for-pound, some chemicals are up to ten million times more hazardous than others.

* TRI data do not consider the numbers of people affected by toxic releases -- for example, the difference between facilities upwind from densely-populated urban areas and those located far from population centers.

* TRI data are reported on a facility-by-facility basis, without combining plants owned by one corporation to get a picture of overall corporate performance.

The Toxic 100 index tackles all three problems by using the 2007 Risk-Screening Environmental Indicators (RSEI) data from the EPA. In addition to TRI data, the RSEI includes toxicity weights, fate-and-transport modeling, and population exposure to provide a comprehensive picture of chronic human health risk from airborne industrial toxics. PERI researchers add up facility-by- facility RSEI data published by the EPA to construct corporate rankings.
*** Please continue reading at Visit Site, this is a must read article.


By James K. Boyce and Michael Ash, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts | Research Report | Truthout |
 

OutofTown M. (444)
Tuesday August 28, 2012, 7:41 pm
They need heavy fines and they should be changing their codes...Who are they paying off???

Thank you Kit!
 

Kit B. (277)
Tuesday August 28, 2012, 7:44 pm

I do agree Mm - the fines should be equal to at least one year's profit before tax loopholes.
 

Kit B. (277)
Tuesday August 28, 2012, 7:45 pm


Sending a Green Star is a simple way to say "Thank you"
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Jennifer C. (172)
Wednesday August 29, 2012, 12:28 am
Noted. Thanks.
 

Michela m. (3407)
Wednesday August 29, 2012, 5:53 am

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in:  CLIMATE CHANGE: 46 Petitions VERY URGENT New!!! http://www.care2.com/c2c/groups/disc.html?gpp=28682&pst=1323252&saved=1
Please Join and Invite friends to Join
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together with Sumatran Tigers (Java and Bali Tigers already EXTINCT), Elephants, Rhinos, CloudedLeopards, SunBears, Wildlife, Biodiversity they face Extinction!! Only 300 Sumatran Tigers left on Earth!!! 300 Football Fields of Rainforests are CLEARED every hour in SE Asia to produce Palm Oil: a hidden, not labelled, unhealthy ingredient in the products we buy. We MUST do WHATEVER is possible to SAVE them all!! Against: Corporate Control, Deforestation, Illegal Logging, Pet Trade, Pollution, CO2Emissions, Indigenous Peoples Displacement, Global Warming!!  Also other Primates, as Chimpanzees, Gorillas, Gibbons, and Monkeys for Vivisection are dealt in this Group. Petitions/Info/Videos/Pics are here.
Please!! Join, Sign, Invite friends to Join!! Individually: we are one DROP, all together: we are an OCEAN!! ALL together we can make a difference!! Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world -Margaret Mead Thanks!! Michela
 

Daniel Partlow (189)
Wednesday August 29, 2012, 8:39 am
If we know this, why aren't we fining them and forcing them to mend their ways? This is just stupid!
 

JL A. (269)
Wednesday August 29, 2012, 5:09 pm
Thanks Kit--definitely explains why the Kochs (& others) are sinking so much money into avoiding responsibility for what their companies spew...
 

Kristine H. (75)
Wednesday August 29, 2012, 6:15 pm
Thank you Kit, read and noted!
 

Dave C. (204)
Wednesday August 29, 2012, 6:39 pm
thanks, Kit.....very very sad....grew up near the refinery shown from Torrance, always hated driving by on the the freeway...especially since even in the 70s/80s it was a slow-way already....
 

Frank S. (435)
Wednesday August 29, 2012, 7:07 pm
I did a post not long ago on how just a few of the developed countries in the world are eating up most of the worlds resources. Can we spell the word, G-R-E-E-D.
 

Nimue P. (195)
Wednesday August 29, 2012, 7:26 pm
Noted.
 

greenplanet e. (157)
Wednesday August 29, 2012, 9:41 pm
That stinks. And worse that a lot of pollution is emitted in poor neighborhoods.
 

Vanessa Wolfe (28)
Wednesday August 29, 2012, 10:27 pm
Read and noted.
 

Robert O. (12)
Thursday August 30, 2012, 1:26 am
Thanks Kit.
 

Past Member (0)
Thursday August 30, 2012, 2:28 am
noted. thank you Kit.
 

Seda A. (4)
Thursday August 30, 2012, 2:57 am
thank you.
 

Frans Badenhorst (538)
Thursday August 30, 2012, 4:09 am
lots of work and research and time and effort and ...... now what?
 

Anna M. (18)
Thursday August 30, 2012, 5:19 am

Chief Seattle, 1854
Humankind has not woven the web of life.
We are but one thread within it.
Whatever we do to the web, we do to ourselves.
All things are bound together.
All things connect.

Cree Prophecy:
When all the trees have been cut down,
When all the animals have been hunted,
When all the waters are polluted,
When all the air is unsafe to breathe,
Only then will you discover
You cannot eat money.
 

Terry V. (30)
Thursday August 30, 2012, 7:12 am
We are murdering our planet, thus ourselves.
 

Debbie Butz (3)
Thursday August 30, 2012, 12:37 pm
thanks and noted
 

Christeen Anderson (420)
Thursday August 30, 2012, 1:21 pm
I think fines should be levied.
 

Past Member (0)
Thursday August 30, 2012, 1:43 pm
noted
 

Sandra M Z. (114)
Thursday August 30, 2012, 2:41 pm
My real hometown is on the list with a lot of toxic chemicals released. Heart goes out to the LA peeps living with so many chemicals the hurricane is probably stirring up. My current city has great green initiatives, but a thick brown cloud needs to be removed.

Green jobs can be created coming up with safer alternatives to these toxic substances being used.

Noted, Thank you Kit.
 

Mary Donnelly (44)
Thursday August 30, 2012, 3:29 pm
Thanks Kit.
 

g d c. (0)
Thursday August 30, 2012, 4:15 pm
ty
 

Michael Barth (43)
Thursday August 30, 2012, 5:56 pm
Noted. Thanks for bringing this to our attention.
 

Kay M. (363)
Thursday August 30, 2012, 6:47 pm
noted.
 

Diane K. (136)
Friday August 31, 2012, 7:58 am
Noted - thank you
 

Kathleen R. (130)
Friday August 31, 2012, 11:13 am
noted & read
 

Muriel Servaege (37)
Monday November 5, 2012, 9:47 pm
Noted. TY, Kit.
 
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