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Just Say No to GM Salmon

Green Lifestyle  (tags: ag Business, conservation, food, globalwarming, GMO food, health, organic, protection, Sustainabililty, technology )

- 1960 days ago -
The genetically modified salmon, created by Boston-based AquaBounty Technologies, is designed to grow twice as fast as wild Atlantic salmon--reaching its full size in 18 months instead of three years. It was created by inserting genetic material from-->

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Kit B (276)
Friday December 7, 2012, 4:45 pm
(Image Credit: alternet )

Many are hoping the AquAdvantage salmon (AAS), often referred to as a "Frankenfish," is not approved by the FDA. The genetically modified salmon, created by Boston-based AquaBounty Technologies, is designed to grow twice as fast as wild Atlantic salmon--reaching its full size in 18 months instead of three years. It was created by inserting genetic material from Chinook salmon and ocean pout into wild Atlantic salmon. No wonder it's called a Frankenfish.

Ninety-five to 99 percent of AAS are sterile, said AquaBounty at FDA hearings in 2010, so they are unlikely to breed and threaten wild salmon stocks if they escape. If they did breed, though, it could Jurassic Park-like since AAS eat five times more food than wild salmon and have less fear of predators, according to background materials. Nor is 1 to 5 percent a small amount considering the 15 million eggs AquaBounty plans to grow: that could amount to 750,000 fertile fish.

To prevent such risks, AquaBounty told an FDA advisory committee it plans to grow the eggs at a facility on Prince Edward Island in Canada, where escapees could not survive. “Water from the facility, including effluent from all floor drains, fish tanks and egg incubators, eventually discharges” into a tidal river that flows into the Gulf of Lawrence, says the AquAdvantage FDA briefing package. Because water temperatures in the winter months are very low and the water has a high salinity, “it is highly unlikely that early life stages of any Atlantic salmon at the facility would be able to survive if they were able to escape.”

But escape into the Gulf of Lawrence is not the only risk. AquaBounty also has safety plans for the adult salmon, which it plans to grow out and slaughter in the country of Panama because that environment is also hostile to survival. “In the lower reaches of the watershed, the water temperature is in the range of 26 to 28 degrees C, at or near the upper incipient lethal level for Atlantic salmon,” says the FDA report. “As a result, it is extremely unlikely that AquAdvantage Salmon would ever be able to survive and migrate to the Pacific Ocean.”

In the FDA briefing report, AquAdvantage salmon were also found to have high incidences of “jaw erosion” and “focal inflammation” (infection), though the defects are said to be “of low magnitude and not likely to be debilitating to fish in a production setting.” What about the people who eat them? The report also identified low glucose levels and a possible “increase in the level of IGF-1 [insulin-like growth factor-1] in the AquAdvantage salmon compared to sponsor control fish.”

Perhaps most troubling at the FDA hearings was AquaBounty’s policy for handling dead fish in Panama. In its Environmental Assessment report, it says, "As dead fish are deposited, they will be covered with caustic lime, followed by another layer of dead fish and caustic lime, and so on, until the burial pit is ~0.5 m deep, at which point it will [be] sealed with plastic and covered with soil. Successive pits will be located at a minimum distance of 0.5–1.0 m from those used previously; the aggregate collection of such pits will be located on high ground that is not within the 100-year flood plain. . . . In the event that disposal capacity at the site is inadequate to handle the immediate or aggregate waste volume, alternative means of disposal will be sought."

Why are so many fish expected to die? Why would people want to eat such unhealthy fish? Why are the health of the environment, humans and fish overlooked when considering GMOs like the AquAdvantage salmon?

By Martha Rosenberg | alternet |

JL A (281)
Friday December 7, 2012, 7:24 pm
What else aren't they telling us that they know? And we don't want the without labelling

Judy C (97)
Saturday December 8, 2012, 12:37 am
I certainly wouldn't want to eat this fish. There seems to be no end to the ingenuity of these corporations who want to meddle with natural processes. They seem to have some half-baked answer for everything, pretending they have it all under control, when this is impossible. Consumers have a right to labeling so we can have a choice about what we are eating.

Ben O (171)
Saturday December 8, 2012, 4:22 am
Genetically modified salmon? That's insane, if you ask me! -But, who would ever do such a thing as ask me...???

Jim P (3257)
Saturday December 8, 2012, 8:14 am
The FDA & USDA have Monsanto people, plants, in those two agencies to assist in circumventing
regulatory laws, even changing the laws to suit their purposes.

Anyone ever hear of the Chaos Theory... referring to AquaAdvantage theory that their "frankenfish"
cannot "escape" nor can they breed. Nature will find a way as stated in the movie "Jurassic Park".

Do any of us want to take the risk of genetically altered foods for the human race, not to forget, other
animal species too.

Yes, we, as consumers, have a right to know what is in our foods, where it comes from and how
were those foods grown, made, created.

Labeling is so very important these days. Why have other countries banned GMO's...??

Ty, Kit.

Kit B (276)
Saturday December 8, 2012, 8:38 am

Sure, many think they would not eat this franken-fish. The question is without labels how would you know?

Vallee R (280)
Saturday December 8, 2012, 8:54 am
Maybe I should stop eating!

Kit B (276)
Saturday December 8, 2012, 12:30 pm

Except that Grandma didn't have to deal with this crap.

Lois Jordan (63)
Saturday December 8, 2012, 4:12 pm
Noted. No salmon for me or mine.

Shelly Peterson (213)
Saturday December 8, 2012, 7:20 pm
Say NO TO FRANKEN FISH!!!..My Senators and Rep, here in Washington State have been and continue to do so!!!!!!!!!!!!!....but the creepy GOP and their Koch Brother puppet Master's , that IS WHOM WE ARE FIGHTING, AS HUMANS!!!....AND THE ENVIROMENT AND OUR FOOD SUPPLY, ....IS IMPERIL!!!!!!..ACCORDING TO MY SENATORS AND REP!!...WHO AND WHAT ARE YOURS DOING!?!...and Let's "GET ON IT!!", TOGETHER!!!..THAT IS WHAT MURRAY AND ADAMS SAY!!!!!!!!!!!...WE NEED THE WHOLE NATION , RIGHT NOW, NOT LATER TO BE ADDRESSING THIS ISSUE AS WELL as,minimum, at least 20 others............time is of the essence!!!

Past Member (0)
Sunday December 9, 2012, 5:44 am
Not for me, I will not even buy farmed salmon.

Mit Wes (2)
Sunday December 9, 2012, 5:00 pm
If they did escape, they wouldn't be able to compete with wild salmon. Needing more food is not a survival trait. Nor is having less fear of preadtors. That only means that predators will have an easier time of catching them ! If they did manage to interbreed, their offspring will be disadvantaged and die out over several generations.
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