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Travel With Me: Bosnia and Herzegovina

World  (tags: Bosnia and Herzegovina, conflict, children, people photo journey )

- 1765 days ago -
Bosnia and Herzegovina declared its independence from the former Yugoslavia on March 3rd, 1992 following a declaration of sovereignty in October of 1991.

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Kit B (276)
Monday July 22, 2013, 11:57 am
Map graphic: information please

Some of the better known facts about the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina are that its largest city is the capital city of Sarajevo and is in Southern Europe forming part of the Balkan Peninsula. It is surrounded on the south, west, and north by Croatia, Serbia on the east and Montenegro on the southeast, has only 16 miles of coastline on the Adriatic Sea and its size in area is slightly smaller than that of the U.S. state of West Virginia. However, there are many things about Bosnia and Herzegovina that are lesser known. Let's take a look at five interesting facts that you may not know about the country.

5 Facts You Might Not Know

1 Bosnia and Herzegovina declared its independence from the former Yugoslavia on March 3rd, 1992 following a declaration of sovereignty in October of 1991. This declaration spawned an inter-ethnic war lasting until 1995, during which time Bosnian Muslims and Croats formed the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina which would separate Bosnians in the north and Herzegovinians in the south by region rather that ethnicity. The country also consists of the Republika Srpska, which is mainly Serbian.

2 The country is mainly mountainous and is part of the central Danaric Alps, with close to 50% covered by forests. Bosnia and Herzegovina's highest point is point Maglic' which rises 2,386 meters at the Montenegrin border. Bosnian regions are very agriculturally rich while Herzegovinian regions have a drier climate. The country is known for its hot summers and brutally cold winters.

3 Bosnia and Herzegovina major population is comprised mainly of Muslims as well as Catholics, Protestants and Orthodox. The country's official languages are Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian. Its main ethnic groups are Serb, Croat and Bosnian, with a population of roughly 4,377,000 according to a 1991 census.

4 The country is home to many athletes, artists, and film makers. Perhaps the most notable residents are Nobel Prize winning author Ivo Andric', and Academy Award and Golden Globe award winning film maker Danis Tanovic'.

5 The most popular sport in the country is Association football, although no team has qualified for a European or World Championship. In 1984, Sarajevo hosted the 14th Winter Olympic games.
The capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina is Sarajevo.

Fun & Interesting Facts about Bosnia and Herzegovina

• The official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina are Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian.

• Majority of the population in Bosnia and Herzegovina comprises of Muslims, followed by Orthodox, Catholics, Protestants and others.

• The three main ethnic groups in Bosnia and Herzegovina are Bosniak, Serb and Croat.

• The currency of Bosnia and Herzegovina is Marka.

• The capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina is Sarajevo.

• Bosnia and Herzegovina follows the system of Federal Democratic Republic.

• Bosnia and Herzegovina forms a part of the Balkan Peninsula, an area in South East Europe.

• Majority of the landscape in Bosnia and Herzegovina is mountainous and comprises of areas of karst (limestone).

• The highest peak in Bosnia and Herzegovina is Maglic Mountain (2386 m), in the Sutjeska National Park.

• Sutjeska National Park is the oldest national park in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

• Stecak, a medieval tombstone is a religious monument that can be seen throughout the countryside of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

• Bosnia and Herzegovina was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in the second half of the 15th century. Later, at the Congress of Berlin in 1878, Austria-Hungary was given a mandate to occupy and govern Bosnia and Herzegovina.

• Tuzla city derives its name from the word "tuz", the Turkish work for salt. Tuzla's salt comes from its salt water springs.

• After the Second World War, Yugoslavia became the Federal Peoples' Republic of Yugoslavia and Bosnia became an independent republic within it.

• Bosnia and Herzegovina gained independence from Yugoslavia in the year 1992.

• Inter-ethnic war erupted in Bosnia and Herzegovina after independence, in 1992, and lasted till 1995.

• In March 1994, Muslims and Croats in Bosnia signed an agreement creating the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, narrowing the field of warring parties to two.

• Along with a national government, Bosnia and Herzegovina has a second tier of government - the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska, which deals with internal affairs:

• Bosnia and Herzegovina is a potential candidate for membership in the European Union and NATO.

• In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the distinction between a Bosnian and a Herzegovinian is maintained as a regional, not an ethnic, distinction.

• Bosnia is believed to have been in inhabitation at least since the Neolithic age.

• Sarajevo, the largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina, hosted the 1984 Winter Olympic Games.


When you travel to Bosnia and Herzegovina, be sure that you enjoy traditional dishes. Food in Bosnia and Herzegovina puts a spin on Balkan entrees and has a little something for every traveler, whether you love a good steak or you’re strictly veggie.


Bosnian food can be rich, but not in an unhealthy or unappetizing way. Fresh ingredients and whole foods make meals from Bosnia and Herzegovina totally appealing.

Start your day with a simple breakfast. The usual morning meal is a kwizija, or hearty meal. Stock up on a variety of small courses that include scrambled eggs and bread with a spread like jam, butter, and honey. Drink a strong, traditional coffee with a dash sweet sugar, or a cup of black tea. The feature of the breakfast is a soft white cheese straight from the farms in Bosnia and Herzegovina’s countryside.


If you like meat and potato courses, you’ll be thrilled with the options you will find for entree selections in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Lunch is generally the largest meal of the day, so find the most intriguing restaurant in town and indulge!

Try dishes like the Bosnian bosanki lonac, a slow-roasted pot of meat and vegetables, or japrak, made up of cabbage rolls stuffed with a savory filling. If you are traveling in Mostar, try the trout, which is a specialty to the area. A buttery, flaky texture awaits, and is one option for someone who loves fish.

Dinner in Bosnia and Herzegovina is generally light. You’ll probably have it after 8:00 p.m., and for Americans and the British, this may seem quite late. Pack a snack of some Bosnian sweets to tide you over, like a tiny square of baklava, normally reserved for special occasions amongst Bosnians.

If you take advantage of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s surprisingly lively nightlife, try the Bosnian fast food called when you’re out late. This food may be fast but is actually quite traditional, dating back nearly 400 years! Your Bosnian cevaps, as they are nicknamed, will be made up of small sausages and chopped onions, folded in a pita bread called somun.


Locally-produced wines and brandies spoil any connoisseur for choice. Sample the rakija, which is available in lots of fruit flavors like plum and grape.


Besides the famous baklava, desserts often have fresh fruit and cream as main ingredients. Try the tufahijia, which is a delicious dessert dish made from apples filled with walnuts, and then topped with a rich layer of whipped cream. If you are partial to pudding, have the krempita, with a creamy, soft flavor similar to cheesecake. If you have room, you’ll want to try this delicious Bosnian food.

What makes Bosnian food even better is the overwhelming sense of hospitality and warmth. You’ll be offered cookies, cakes, sweets, coffee, meat platters, and cheese samplers, and once you start sampling, you won’t be able to stop. Just be sure to save room for the main course!

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Nicole W (646)
Monday July 22, 2013, 12:38 pm
beautiful, thank you for sharing Kit

Roger G (154)
Monday July 22, 2013, 1:31 pm
noted, thanks!

Bryna Pizzo (139)
Monday July 22, 2013, 3:18 pm
Thank you for sharing these lovely people and their countries with us! I feel refreshed and happy after that little journey :)

. (0)
Monday July 22, 2013, 4:12 pm
Thanks Kit.

Pat B (356)
Monday July 22, 2013, 4:28 pm
Beautiful countries....Thank you, Kit for being the stewardess on our travels. ;-)

MmAway M (505)
Monday July 22, 2013, 6:35 pm
Thanks Kit~ Also, for the background you posted. I am famished! xx Needed a trip...Now, may I please have a massage while I go on my next trip???? xx

Vicky P (476)
Monday July 22, 2013, 6:59 pm

Past Member (0)
Tuesday July 23, 2013, 4:37 am
Thanks Kit 4 another lovely trip!

. (0)
Tuesday July 23, 2013, 8:40 am
Very nice, Kit. Thanks for sharing.

Ljiljana M (115)
Tuesday July 23, 2013, 2:11 pm
From geographic and touristy point of whey – facts from the post are correct, but the parts about war in Bosnia are little too simplified. Bosnia and primarily Muslims have had suffered much longer period than 1992 – 1995 and much worst than stated in article. And all this is coming from someone (me) who is resident of a country (Serbia) from which military and paramilitary armed forces made an aggression and severe erythrocytes and wore crimes in Bosnia. Sorry if this is not a subject of your post Kit, but as a I simply had to say at least this little.

Kit B (276)
Tuesday July 23, 2013, 7:02 pm

True enough Ljiljana, in these photo journeys I do not add much on the politics of the country. It's a bit difficult to avoid when looking at Bosnia/Herzegovina or Serbia. Thanks for adding your personal perspective.

JL A (281)
Tuesday July 23, 2013, 9:48 pm
Thanks for helping us remember all the diversity the world holds Kit

Barbara K (60)
Wednesday July 24, 2013, 5:06 pm
Wow, that was super, my friend. What a wonderful world we have.

Sherri G (128)
Thursday July 25, 2013, 12:57 am
Thank you Kit for article noted and sharing facts. I tried to send both you and Ljiljana Milic stars but can't for 24 hours.

Past Member (0)
Thursday July 25, 2013, 2:47 am
Thank you for all the informations KIt

Vallee R (280)
Friday July 26, 2013, 7:24 am
These are great Kit - thanks for including them -

John De Avalon (36)
Friday July 26, 2013, 1:34 pm
Nice article.Thank you for posting, dear Kit.
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