Start A Petition

2012 June 15 « Dr. Steve Best

Animals  (tags: abuse, AnimalCruelty, AnimalWelfare, animaladvocates, death, dogs, ethics, killed, killing, pets, sadness, slaughter, suffering )

- 2189 days ago -
More bogus court appearances by the rich & powerful to try to run us out of money. Amazing isn't it since she never stepped foot in the State until oleary PAID to have her extradited to Michigan.

Select names from your address book   |   Help

We hate spam. We do not sell or share the email addresses you provide.


Kathy Chadwell (354)
Monday June 18, 2012, 2:01 pm
Camille Marino is a passionate and uncompromising animal activist, On Saturday, Feb. 4th, while attending a peaceful anti-vivisection demonstration and commemoration of two monkeys who were tortured to death at the University of Florida, Camille was arrested on charges related to her campaign against notorious vivisectionist, Donal O’Leary, an animal experimenter at Wayne State University in Michigan.

For over two decades, Donal O’Leary’s experiments have been found by The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM) to be in “serious violation” of the Animal Welfare Act (USA). The PCRM has asked federal regulators to investigate the private laboratory of O’Leary, for his ongoing torture of dogs, which the PCRM describe in their Petition for Enforcement as “unrelieved agony”. Please take a minute to let the President of Wayne State University, Allan Gilmour, know that you want him to immediately halt the use of dogs in the university’s ongoing and inhumane heart experiments, by using PCRM’s online form.
The following is an example of what Donal O’Leary did, with American tax dollars, to one sad, abandoned and frightened ‘shelter’ dog, a Dalmatian named Queenie:
“According to medical records obtained through the Freedom of Information Act, Queenie’s chest was cut open so experimenters could install devices inside her. After a second major surgery to implant more instruments, she was forced to run dozens of treadmill experiments with catheters protruding from her body and incisions leaking bodily fluids, causing pain and distress. Hypertension was induced by reduction of blood flow to her kidneys. On June 29, 2010, Queenie — a former companion animal obtained from a Michigan animal shelter — was killed in the laboratory, after one of the devices broke and retracted into her body.”
Outraged by the dogs’ terrible suffering, Camille posted news and details of O’Leary’s heinous experiments on her website, Negotiation is Over (NIO). O’Leary used his blood money, purchased on the misery and death of hundreds of innocent dogs, to obtain a court order directing Camille “not to post anything about [O'Leary] on websites or other social media sites”. Given that details of Donal O’Leary’s personal information could be easily obtained from elsewhere on the internet, the ruling was absurd. This is further underscored by the fact that published media reports of his atrocities also were – and are – readily available online. In addition, Camille has never set foot in Michigan nor caused any action to occur in Michigan, which makes the judge’s decision that Michigan has legal jurisdiction over Camille highly problematic and vulnerable to appeal. More importantly, the ruling was a direct violation of Camille’s constitutional rights under the First Amendment.
Camille spent a month of brutal incarceration and extradition from Florida to Michigan, until she was finally released on $500 bond on March 5th. Her next court date is scheduled on Wednesday, May 2nd at 1:30 PM. Camille could face a long, costly, and protracted trial. The vivisection complex is a powerful conglomerate comprised of industry, corporations, law and government. She is going to need our full support in meeting this challenge, so please help by publicizing her case, exposing the evils of vivisection, and by donating generously to her legal defense fund!
In addition to supporting Camille’s legal defense, it is imperative that we organize to expose the barbaric and sadistic acts inflicted on innocent animals by Donal O’Leary. Animal lovers, advocates and activists alike have vowed not to give up their fight for these dogs! It is the vivisectors, like O’Leary, who are the real criminals and it is they, not Camille, who must be brought to justice!
Please check out the links on this site for more detailed information and ideas on how you can help. Please watch and share our video describing Camille and her noble battle for total liberation of animals, including humans. If you live in Michigan, Please join our campaign to end O’Leary’s reign of terror at Wayne State University.
Support Camille Marino – YouTube

Barb K (1688)
Monday June 18, 2012, 3:09 pm
It's such a shame that certain people think they have the RIGHT to EXPIREMENT on GOD'S ANIMALS!! The animals of the Earth do not belong to us. We are their GUARDIANS and CARE TAKERS but GOD is their CREATOR. TY Kathy for the post.

Jocelyn Koopmann (57)
Monday June 18, 2012, 3:37 pm
Noted. Thanks Kathy. I will watch & share the video. Hugs my friend.

Phyllis P (237)
Monday June 18, 2012, 3:50 pm

Nancy Roussy (79)
Monday June 18, 2012, 3:53 pm
Noted, thank you!

Jim Phillips (3257)
Monday June 18, 2012, 4:07 pm
I am amazed and surprised that Camille was arrested in Florida and extradited to the state of Michigan to appear in court on charges. Camille has never set foot in Michigan. A $500.00 bail bond, held in prison for
a month while waiting to be transported to Michigan.

This whole situation smells... Really smells on the part of Donal O'Leary and his defense along with Wayne
State University. What a stench... Ugh!

Hope that Camille gets the support from people who are against anti-vivisection group immediately.

Ty, Kathy.

Edwin M (346)
Monday June 18, 2012, 4:12 pm
This jackass has the audacity to demand that he be referred to as "doctor"

(doctor /doc·tor/ (dok´ter) a practitioner of medicine, as one graduated from a college of medicine, osteopathy, dentistry, chiropractic, optometry, podiatry, or veterinary medicine, and licensed to practice.

1. a practitioner of the healing arts, as one graduated from a college of medicine, osteopathy, dentistry or veterinary medicine and licensed to practice

Vox populi A title for A person with an advanced degree in a healing art, including medicine–MD, osteopathy–DO, podiatry–DPM, pharmacy–DPh, chiropractic–DCM, dentistry–DDS, or veterinary medicine–DVM

Kathy Chadwell (354)
Monday June 18, 2012, 4:16 pm
Edwin I'm so glad you picked up on that,, I was thrilled to read that Camille hit him where he lives,,, he is sooo arrogant,,, Pride is one of the deadly sins and this guy reeks in it.

Kathy Chadwell (354)
Monday June 18, 2012, 4:24 pm

Jim is right,, this whole thing is dirty. We are collecting donations, no amount is too small.
This has something for everybody (where is hollywood) we have freedom of speech,,, corruption & abuse of power. We have our beloved dogs being bought at shelters in Michigan (or stolen) by class B dealers who then sell them to labs for research. We have research labs (like Wayne State University) breaking laws of animal cruelty and getting away with it. We have fraud on the American people by our own government. We know animal research is not only inhumane, immoral, but also they are using our tax dollars that we have COUNTLESS TIMES objected to.

Donal O'Leary, Ph.D., professor and director of Cardiovascular Research in the Department of Physiology for the School of Medicine and a member of the Cardiovascular Research Institute, has received a four-year competing grant renewal totaling $1.56 million from the NIH to support years 15-18 of his study, “Blood Pressure Control During Exercise in Heart Failure.”

Kathy Chadwell (354)
Monday June 18, 2012, 4:29 pm
Just google in Human tissue models. There are many more pfd files from the medical professionals
Alternatives In Testing

“There is no doubt that the best test species for humans are humans. It is not possible to extrapolate animal data directly to humans due to interspecies variation in anatomy, physiology and biochemistry.”[1]

To predict toxicity, corrosivity, and other safety variables as well as the effectiveness of a new product for humans, traditional testing of chemicals, consumer products, medical devices, and new drugs has involved the use of animals. But today, scientists have developed and validated alternative methods shown to lead to safer and more effective products and drugs for humans than animal testing.

For example, skin corrosivity and irritation can be easily measured using three-dimensional human skin equivalent systems such as EpiDerm and SkinEthic. Additional alternatives include EpiSkin (a model of reconstructed human epithelium) and a variety of sophisticated, computer-based Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR) models that predict skin corrosivity and irritation by means of correlating a new drug or chemical with its likely activity, properties, and effects with classification accuracy between 90 and 95 percent[2].
Some alternatives to the use of animals in testing include

in vitro (test tube) test methods and models based on human cell and tissue cultures
computerized patient-drug databases and virtual drug trials
computer models and simulations
stem cell and genetic testing methods
non-invasive imaging techniques such as MRIs and CT Scans
microdosing (in which humans are given very low quantities of a drug to test the effects on the body on the cellular level, without affecting the whole body system)

Benefits of non-animal testing

Alternative scientific tests are often more reliable than animal tests.

For example, experiments on rats, hamsters, guinea pigs, mice, monkeys, and baboons revealed no link between glass fibers and cancer. Only after human studies related the two did the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) label these fibers as carcinogenic. EpiDerm, an in vitro test derived from cultured human skin cells, was found to be more accurate in identifying chemical skin irritants than traditional animal tests. In comparison studies, EpiDerm correctly detected all of the test chemicals that irritate human skin, while tests on rabbits misclassified 10 out of 25 test chemicals—a full 40% error rate.

The use of human tissue in toxicity testing is more accurate than the animal models.

The “Lethal Dose 50” (LD50) test forces animals to ingest toxic and lethal substances to the endpoint of where 50% of the animals in the study die—and those that do not are later killed. The late Dr. Bjӧrn Ekwall (Cytotoxicology Laboratory in Sweden) developed a replacement for the LD50 test that measured toxicity at a precision rate of 77-84% accuracy compared to the LD50 rate of 52-60%. This test, far more accurate than the animal models, uses donated human tissue rather than animal. Further, the test can target toxic effects on specific human organs, whether or not the toxic substance permeates the blood barrier, and other highly sophisticated and precise information that the agonizing death of an animal of a different species would not reveal.

Non-animal tests are more cost-effective, practical, and expedient.

InVitro International’s Corrositex (synthetic skin) can provide a chemical corrosivity determination in as little as 3 minutes to four hours, unlike animal testing that often takes two to four weeks. DakDak, an alternative test used to measure the effectiveness of sunscreens, was reported to do in days what it takes animal studies months to do, and estimates that it can test five or six products for less than half the cost to study a single product in animals. The traditional testing of chemicals using animals can take up to five years per substance and cost millions of dollars, while non-animal alternatives can test hundreds of chemicals in a week for a fraction of the cost.

Cruelty-free products are more environmentally friendly.

In toxicity testing, researchers breed, test, and ultimately dispose of millions of animals as pathogenic or hazardous waste. Cruelty-free testing does not damage the environment or create harmful waste.

In 2007, the U.S. National Research Council (NRC) released a report titled “Toxicity Testing in the 21st Century: A Vision and a Strategy,” which addressed the limitations of animal-based toxicology tests and called for a shift toward non-animal, human-based testing methods. The report was issued in response to a request from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), asking for the NRC to conduct a comprehensive review of toxicity testing methods. In their report, the NRC summarized that “[a]dvances in toxicogenomics, bioinformatics, systems biology, epigenetics, and computational toxicology could transform a system based on whole-animal testing to one founded primarily on in vitro methods that evaluate changes in biologic processes using cells, cell lines, or cellular components, preferable of human origin.”[3]

In 2008, the EPA and the NIH’s National Toxicology Program and Chemical Genomics Center signed a “Memorandum of Understanding” to follow the NRC report’s vision and begin developing new methods of toxicity testing that involve the use of lab grown human cells instead of animals. After the EPA began evaluating 300 chemicals using the new methods, they found that it allows for thousands of chemicals to be tested at once. This method is much faster, less expensive, and does a better job of protecting human health. According to former NIH Director Elias Zerhouni, “It won’t mean that animal testing will disappear overnight, but it signals the beginning of the end.” Today, the EPA is in the process of building virtual human organs. The EPA's "virtual tissue" researchers are developing a set of computer simulations that may one day be able to identify the risks posed by common industrial pollutants such as pesticides, saving thousands of animals from horrific toxicity tests.[4]

The need for alternatives to the traditional use of animals in toxicity testing was officially recognized by the U.S. government in 1993 with passage of the NIH Reauthorization Act. Requirements under the Act led to the establishment of an ad hoc committee called the Interagency Coordinating Committee for the Validation of Alternative Methods (ICCVAM). ICCVAM was made a permanent committee under the ICCVAM Authorization Act of 2000 and is composed of representatives from 15 U.S. federal regulatory and research agencies.

Under the National Toxicology Program’s Interagency Center for the Evaluation of Alternative Toxicological Methods (NICEATM), ICCVAM’s mission is “to promote the development, validation, and regulatory acceptance of new, revised, and alternative regulatory safety testing methods. Emphasis is on alternative methods that will reduce, refine (less pain and distress), and replace the use of animals in testing while maintaining and promoting scientific quality and the protection of human health, animal health, and the environment.”[5]

To date, ICCVAM has evaluated over 185 test methods in the areas of acute oral toxicity, biologics testing, developmental toxicity (birth defects), endocrine disruptors, eye corrosion and irritation, pyrogenicity, skin corrosion and allergic contact dermatitis. The evaluation for each of these tests includes a systematic review of the usefulness and limitations of the test method, and recommendations about current uses, further validation studies, or further development of the test method. [6] Despite the large number of methods evaluated, ICCVAM has to date accepted only 43 alternative safety-testing methods, including 25 “alternatives” that do not involve administering a test substance directly to a live animal, but still involve the use of animal tissue, cells, embryos, etc. to provide materials used in the tests.

As science continues to transform our world beyond what we know, and technology continues to transform and expand upon what we depend on as our “rule of thumb,” medical research and testing will also transition to embrace and depend on alternatives rather than the use of animals. In fact, three states (CA, NJ, NY,) have already passed legislation mandating that federally approved non-animal alternatives, when available, be used for product testing in place of animals. Additionally, the Mandatory Alternatives Petition (MAP) coalition (of which NEAVS is a founding member) submitted a scientific petition to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requesting that instead of using animals, pharmaceutical companies, device manufacturers, and other entities regulated by the FDA must use validated non-animal methods whenever they exist. If accepted, such a mandate would change the way industry meets requirements to show drug and product safety for humans thus sparing tens of millions of animals from horrific testing and death. After consideration of the petition, the FDA is currently developing (with MAP input) better policy guidelines that will make it clear that animal tests are not required to meet FDA criteria for safety and efficacy—a partial but significant accomplishment of the MAP.

Science—fueled by the work of scientists themselves as well as by public demand for more humane science—is moving toward the day when cruelty-free research and testing will be the status quo. Science can and must protect animals’ lives, the environment, research dollars, and promote better health and well-being for humans. Science, thanks to modern technologies, is finally moving forward to realize the premise that the “best test species for humans are humans”—without harm and with enormous benefit to humans.

Michael Carney (217)
Monday June 18, 2012, 4:42 pm
Noted, and will forward...

Laurie H (817)
Monday June 18, 2012, 4:52 pm
Wayne State University and Donal O'Leary have much to answer for. Wish we all could take this guy down some more notches--his arrogance will be his undoing some day soon, I pray. NO ONE has the right to do this to God's helpless animals!!!!! This whole situation is beyond disgusting. I hope Camille will be fully supported and will succeed. Vivisection needs to be WIPED OUT NOW!!!!!!! Could we do a petition?? Many Thanks, Kathy!~

Kathy Chadwell (354)
Monday June 18, 2012, 5:07 pm
Hi Laurie, you can follow the case with this link

We also need to reach the people of Michigan and awaken them to the fact that their beloved dog could become a lab animal if the dog accidentally get out and they don't find him/her in time. They can and DO sell them to research labs. Michigan needs to go after the Class B Dealers,, we all need to stop animal experiments. Thank you all for all your support,,, Camille really needs you guys right now

Past Member (0)
Monday June 18, 2012, 5:12 pm
Noted. Thanks.

Kathy Chadwell (354)
Monday June 18, 2012, 5:14 pm
I would also like to add that oleary and company are trying to paint Camille as a monster.
I can personally vouch for her,,, that is insane. She is compassionate,, like all of us gets carried away when there is so much injustice in the world,,, she has never harmed anybody. I can honestly tell you I have know her since our myspace days and I have ALWAYS always had nothing but kind words from her.

LaurenBackSoon K (173)
Monday June 18, 2012, 5:17 pm
Noted. Thanks for posting Kathy.

Susan Whitewolf (14)
Monday June 18, 2012, 5:27 pm
Great article, Thanks Kathy !

Kamila A (141)
Monday June 18, 2012, 5:30 pm
Thank you Kathy, your passion for the voiceless innocents is a gift to the world.

Jim Phillips (3257)
Monday June 18, 2012, 5:31 pm
Did I say that right...
"Hope that Camille gets the support from people who are against anti-vivisection group immediately."

I meant to say that: " Camille gets support from people who are anti-vivisection immediately. "
My bad...

Ty, Kathy.

P. L. Neola (21)
Monday June 18, 2012, 7:32 pm
Thank you very much for sharing this case with us and for providing all the facts!!!

Mary T (178)
Monday June 18, 2012, 8:08 pm
thanks Kathy for the update about Camille, This is so insane to do her this way as she is a compassionate person and this so called idiot doctor should be locked up for what he has done to these animals. The laws are so ass backwards.

Kit B (276)
Monday June 18, 2012, 8:28 pm

Joseph Mengele was also a doctor, does that make his atrocities any less?

Sent emails to each address!

Kathy Chadwell (354)
Monday June 18, 2012, 8:33 pm
You cannot currently send a star to Kit because you have done so within the last week.

Sue McGuey (106)
Monday June 18, 2012, 8:40 pm
Noted! SUPPORT CAMILLE!!! This arsehole has to be taken is a sham, he is a BASTARD in the first degree!!!!!!!! Posted to Facebook!~

Ingrid A (524)
Monday June 18, 2012, 10:04 pm
Its noted. Thank you Kathy.

Constance F (418)
Monday June 18, 2012, 10:50 pm
This is sickening. I am unable to contribute to her defense, but more than happy to email the contacts posted and ask WSU to fire O'leary. Action taken with PCRM previously in asking WSU to end these atrocities. Thank you for posting this for Camille and for the animals.

Danuta W (1250)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 3:17 am

Jenny Dooley (830)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 4:36 am
Noted thank you Kathy

Past Member (0)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 4:48 am
silence is acceptance, we are change
protect life, prosecute those that seek to destroy our shared home and our fellow beings
life has value beyond measure
Peace and Love
*********** WALL OF SHAME ************
┬┴┬┴┬┴ The Wall ┬┴┬┴┬┴┬┴┬┴
DEMOLISH ------>>>>> THIS WALL !!!!

Joy Wong (103)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 4:57 am
Noted, thanks.

Lisa N (207)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 5:20 am
Noted, thank you Kathy.

Donna Hamilton (159)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 5:32 am
The only reason vivesection continues to be used (instead of the more reliable, humane alternatives), is because too many sick, sadists are making a lot of money from it.

Noted. Thanks for posting.

Abdessalam Diab (145)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 6:30 am
Noted.Thanks Kathy for the post.Thanks henriette for the forward.

Elaine Al Meqdad (283)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 7:29 am
Noted! So SAD!

Ruth C (87)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 8:06 am
Noted, thank you Henriette and Kathy.

. (0)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 9:31 am
noted...what a travesty of's sickening. Fire O'Leary already. Will send emails...thanks for the post Kathy

Peggy A (109)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 9:51 am
Kathy,sharing to get the word out

Sandi C (98)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 10:10 am
Barbcat sunshine lady said it best. Wanted to send her a green star but did earlier.

Myraida Diaz (136)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 11:16 am
Thank You Kathy. I will send emails.Noted

Calliope S (47)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 11:21 am
Kathy, the article you posted about vivisection is amazingly informative and I have copy pasted it to send to my personal contact list. Now the story about Camille is touching and sad but not surprising by any standards. Donal O’Leary is a sadist with permission to torture animals he would more than likely torture humans given half the chance. It is amazing how many demented sadists are amongst us, impersonating doctors and others members of society while being dangerous behind the scenes. They say, never judge a book by its cover, so anybody who might have the title of Doctor does not necessarily mean that the person bearing the title is a half way decent man. It is stunning that these people get away with almost anything because there is no way someone can tell me that nobody within their immediate environment has no knowledge of his deeds. So what does that mean? Personally I believe it means we obviously have people who are alike (birds of the feather!), or perhaps people who do not have the "guts" to stand up against atrocities being too afraid to rock the boat! Then along comes Camille and from what I understand, is most definitely one of these brave gutsy people who put themselves out there for the sake of compassion not taking anything into account. All the "little people" forgive me for the term, are the first to stone these brave people (metaphorically speaking) Is that not a repeat of history? I wish I was able to financially support this cause at this moment.
This person deserves all our help, sympathy and respect. I hope Kathy you will keep up informed and we will keep our efforts and prayers going till we see justice for Camille and the animals. Its the Camille's in the world that change the world. I wish I had the honour to shake this persons hand and show them my deep admiration and respect. Once again all the comments from my fellow compassionate people who have commented on this page have warmed my heart. Kathy thanks a million for this posting! We have to win, we will win.

Past Member (0)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 11:32 am
noted, thanks for sharing Kathy

. (0)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 3:27 pm
I'm sure O'Leary would much prefer dissecting humans rather than animals. His sexual deviancy would be even more fulfilling. Perhaps experimenting on some of his many well-to-do supporters? The world would be a better place without them.

It sickens me to think that perverted b*st*rd has an Irish name.

Dotti L (85)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 6:45 pm
Thank you Kathy for sending this article ~ most disturbing and informative.

Kathy Chadwell (354)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 7:57 pm
Camille Marino
BREAKING: My house is currently being raided by 20+ FDLE officers. At the moment my house is surrounded by 20 vehicles, marked & unmarked. They are executing a search warrant to seize all computers, laptops, cellphones, back-ups, flash drives, and anything else they want to prove that I am guilty of the "crime" of exposing University of Florida vivisectors. At neighbor's house to get online for a second. Will be mostly offline until I can get new computer. Do not call my cell phone or house until further notice.

. (0)
Tuesday June 19, 2012, 9:52 pm
Big Brother is alive and well. Now, more than ever, we all need to stand up for what we believe in and stand beside the ones who are fighting for the truth.

MmAway M (506)
Wednesday June 20, 2012, 8:36 am
Thank you Kathy!

Unbelieable! Thank you so much for all of the information!

mar l ene dinkins (264)
Wednesday June 20, 2012, 3:26 pm
thnx kathy for the posting noted

Susan S (187)
Wednesday June 20, 2012, 8:13 pm
Prayers for Camille. She is a very brave woman.

Jim Phillips (3257)
Thursday June 21, 2012, 9:34 am
What is Vivisection?
Sign in to view this video
This content may contain material flagged by YouTube's user community that may be inappropriate for some users.

To view this video, please confirm you are old enough by signing in.


Support Camille link:

Standing by Camille in a Demonstration Again... in Facebook


patrica and edw jones (190)
Friday June 22, 2012, 10:09 pm
Until we become more compassionate and caring-as human beings- towards those less fortunate - the rights of animals will continue to be sidelined.

Patricia Cannell (825)
Saturday June 23, 2012, 6:38 am

Kathy Javens (104)
Saturday June 23, 2012, 7:30 am
Noted & will post to FB. Vivisection is just wrong & this "doctor", as he calls himself should be punished for the damage he has done to these poor animals. NO MORE ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION.....EVER!!!!!

Laurie H (817)
Sunday June 24, 2012, 8:51 am
Kathy, have the link saved and hopefully with everyone's standing together and with the facts coming out, things will happen---the way they should!!! Animals need us ALL DESPERATELY!!!!! Thanks for being there , Camille & Kathy, HUGS ALWAYS, Laurie~~

Stelizan L (258)
Sunday June 24, 2012, 9:10 am
"Donal O'Leary, Ph.D., professor and director of Cardiovascular Research in the Department of Physiology for the School of Medicine and a member of the Cardiovascular Research Institute" - yeah? so what? never ever heard of him, the blinking little dot!!! May Karma GET him ASAP!!! Kathy, thanks for sharing - may Camille get 'out of it' sooner rather than later!

Nancy C (806)
Sunday June 24, 2012, 7:26 pm
Thanx Kathy. Hope all is well and you're back to normal now.
Or, log in with your
Facebook account:
Please add your comment: (plain text only please. Allowable HTML: <a>)

Track Comments: Notify me with a personal message when other people comment on this story

Loading Noted By...Please Wait


butterfly credits on the news network

  • credits for vetting a newly submitted story
  • credits for vetting any other story
  • credits for leaving a comment
learn more

Most Active Today in Animals

Content and comments expressed here are the opinions of Care2 users and not necessarily that of or its affiliates.

New to Care2? Start Here.