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Better Science to Hone Climate Change Warnings


Science & Tech  (tags: climate, climate-change, climatechange, CO2emissions, energy, endangered, environment, globalwarming, globalwarming, nature, oceans, pollution, protection, Sustainabililty, weather, world, research, science, scientists, world, discovery, computers )

JL
- 711 days ago - spiegel.de
The next Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change forecasts won't be released until late 2013.But insiders say that thanks to faster computers& better models, the report will offer more precise predictions & adjust anticipated changes in sea levels &



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Sue Matheson (74)
Thursday December 13, 2012, 7:13 pm
thanks
 

JL A. (272)
Thursday December 13, 2012, 7:14 pm
SPIEGEL ONLINE
12/07/2012 10:09 AM
Rising Sea Levels and Less Rain
Better Science to Hone Climate Change Warnings

By Olaf Stampf

The next Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change forecasts won't be released until late 2013. But insiders say that thanks to faster computers and better models, the report will offer more precise predictions and adjust anticipated changes in sea levels and precipitation.

The world's climate forecasting specialists will soon be releasing much-anticipated new predictions concerning a number of extremely weighty questions: How warm will the climate really get? Will sea levels continue to rise? Where will it rain more, and where less?

The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) won't announce its latest round of forecasts until the end of next year, but confidential draft versions are already circulating within scientific circles.

The field of climate research has advanced since the IPCC's last assessment report, released in 2007, as computers have grown faster and models more complex. In fact, these developments make what insiders say the IPCC's message will be all the more astonishing: The new forecasts, they say, will be more or less the same as the old ones, just more precise.

The scientists' simulations show that if humans continue to emit the same amount of greenhouse gases into the air, the average global temperature will rise by an additional 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit). The Earth has already grown warmer by about 1 degree Celsius over the last 100 years, making a total change of 3 degrees Celsius. In Germany, that amounts to the difference in climate between the northern city of Hamburg and Freiburg in the south of the country.

The IPCC is also expected to adjust the projected rise in sea levels slightly upward. The last assessment report predicted a fairly conservative range of 18 to 59 centimeters (7 to 23 inches). In retrospect, most oceanographers and glaciologists find that estimate too low and say it fails to adequately take into account data suggesting that mountain glaciers and Greenland's continental ice will melt more quickly than initially predicted. The new IPCC report is expected to predict that coastal waters may rise almost a meter (3.3 feet) higher than they are today -- although that level won't be reached for 100 years.

Changed Predictions

The IPCC's predictions concerning precipitation, on the other hand, may be more conservative than in the previous assessment. Computer models certainly show a clear trend: In places where it already rains a great deal, it will rain even more; and where it is currently dry, it will grow even drier. That's the theory, at least. The only problem is that, so far, these forecasts have not matched reality.

According to the models, subtropical regions, in particular, are expected to grow drier, with new arid zones appearing in the southern United States, South Africa and Mediterranean countries such as Greece, Italy and Spain. Real measurement data from the last 60 years, though, show no such trend toward aridity. Those regions do experience frequent dry periods, but not more often than they have in the past. One possible explanation is that the slight global warming that has occurred so far is not yet enough to cause observable changes in precipitation.

Wind is another area where the IPCC is expected to retract previous warnings. There has been widespread concern that increased global warming could bring about more serious storms, but current long-range forecasts don't suggest such a trend. In fact, the number of hurricanes each year is expected to drop, although peak winds in tropical storms may increase somewhat.

The forecasts for moderate latitudes are even more unambiguous. In regions outside the tropics -- Central Europe, for example -- storms will become neither more frequent nor more serious.

Translated from the German by Ella Ornstein
 

JL A. (272)
Thursday December 13, 2012, 9:02 pm
You are welcome Sue
 

Tanya W. (53)
Saturday December 15, 2012, 4:23 am
Lets hope they don't hide their heads in the sand and say its not happening as they have in the past!!
 

Past Member (0)
Saturday December 15, 2012, 4:40 am
Interesting.
 

Patricia H. (454)
Saturday December 15, 2012, 4:52 am
noted
 

Kerrie G. (135)
Saturday December 15, 2012, 7:02 am
Noted, thanks.
 

JL A. (272)
Saturday December 15, 2012, 7:20 am
You cannot currently send a star to Tanya because you have done so within the last week.
It is John.
You are welcome Kerrie.
 

Robert O. (12)
Saturday December 15, 2012, 11:10 am
Thanks so much!

You cannot currently send a star to J.L. because you have done so within the last week.
 

JL A. (272)
Saturday December 15, 2012, 11:40 am
You are very welcome Robert!
 

Henrik Thorsen (28)
Sunday December 16, 2012, 2:46 am
Very interesting. Thanks.
 

Tanya W. (53)
Sunday December 16, 2012, 3:40 am
But will they listsen??
 

JL A. (272)
Sunday December 16, 2012, 7:54 am
You are welcome Henrik.
Good question Tanya. You cannot currently send a star to Tanya because you have done so within the last week.
 

Lois Jordan (56)
Sunday December 16, 2012, 12:12 pm
Noted. Thank, J.L. We must continue to press our elected officials to stop denying Climate Change. Scientific reports like this should be seen and acknowledged by world governments, who should be taking up Green Energy and carbon taxes. We must also continue to spread the word to those who are unaware/uneducated about the effects of Climate Change.
 

JL A. (272)
Sunday December 16, 2012, 1:01 pm
You cannot currently send a star to Lois because you have done so within the last week.
 

greenplanet e. (157)
Sunday December 16, 2012, 4:15 pm
Let's hope there will be action to halt/slow down climate change.
 

JL A. (272)
Sunday December 16, 2012, 6:14 pm
You cannot currently send a star to greenplanet because you have done so within the last week.
 
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