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New Method to Target Malaria


Health & Wellness  (tags: medicine, illness, protection, prevention, safety, science, study, treatment, health, healthcare, ethics, drugs, disease, children )

JL
- 546 days ago - rsc.org
Scientists use heparin for targeted treatment of malaria



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JL A. (272)
Monday January 21, 2013, 10:57 am

New method to target malaria
18 January 2013Emma Eley

Red blood cells infected with the malaria parasite can clump together and cause deadly blockages © Shutterstock
Malaria is a highly infectious and potentially fatal mosquito-borne disease. It affects millions of people each year; however, no effective vaccines exist. Now, scientists from Spain have discovered a new strategy to target the disease.

Plasmodium falciparum, the most deadly species of malaria parasite, infects red blood cells (RBCs) and changes their structure. The infected RBCs then bind to the walls of blood vessels in tissues, such as the brain and lungs, through a phenomenon known as sequestration. This allows the malaria parasites to replicate. Infected RBCs can also bind to non-infected RBCs, forming clumps known as rosettes, which narrows the blood vessels and can be fatal. The formation of rosettes is thought to be mediated by a protein called PfEMP1, which is expressed at the surface of infected RBCs. So, disrupting the activity of this protein could help prevent rosette formation and the onset of severe malaria.

Xavier Fernàndez-Busquets from the Institute for Bioengineering of Catalonia, Barcelona, and colleagues found that a heparin-modified atomic force microscope (AFM) tip binds specifically to infected RBCs but not to uninfected cells through interaction with PfEMP1. Heparin is a sulfated glycosaminoglycan used as an injectable anticoagulant. ‘Heparin is a very attractive molecule for malaria treatment because it has antimalarial activity by itself, and now we have demonstrated that it has a specific targeting and a strong interaction with Plasmodium-infected red blood cells,’ he explains. ‘Heparin could be used to carry more potent antimalarials to their target site in Plasmodium-infected erythrocytes.’

‘The proposal to use heparin-functionalised nanocapsules for targeted delivery of anti-malarial drugs is intriguing and appears to have real potential,’ says Jerry Turnbull, professor of molecular glycobiology at the University of Liverpool, UK. ‘It would be interesting to speculate that the AFM methodology opens up some new opportunities to study the heparin–pRBC interactions in terms of using saccharides of defined size and sulfation as tip probes to elucidate more about the molecular interactions.’

Heparin is abundant and cheap to obtain compared to current treatments that involve expensive antibodies. Considering that malaria is a disease commonly found in developing countries, the cost is an important factor. 'One hears much about nanomedicine, but mainly in relation to developed world diseases such as cancer and Alzheimer's. We thought that scourges of developing countries, like malaria, also deserved the attention of nanomedicine,' says Fernàndez-Busquets. ‘We are also studying, with promising preliminary results, the antimalarial activity of molecules similar to heparin isolated from marine organisms, which have no anticoagulation activity.’
References

J J Valle-Delgado, P Urbán and X Fernàndez-Busquets, Nanoscale, 2013, DOI: 10.1039/c2nr32821f
 

Colin West (0)
Monday January 21, 2013, 11:30 am
somewhat difficult to read, but interesting story
 

Sue Matheson (69)
Monday January 21, 2013, 12:16 pm
thanks
 

Nancy M. (201)
Monday January 21, 2013, 1:44 pm
Interesting. Thanks.
 

JL A. (272)
Monday January 21, 2013, 2:16 pm
You are welcome Sue and Nancy. Although some is technical, the main points seemed easy to determine--glad you took the time Colin.
 

Terry V. (30)
Monday January 21, 2013, 4:47 pm
Many thanks and shared
 

JL A. (272)
Monday January 21, 2013, 4:53 pm
You are welcome Terry.
 

Cheryl O. (82)
Tuesday January 22, 2013, 5:22 am
Malaria is horrible. Hard to believe such a little insect can spread something so terrible. Thanks hun. Noted
 

Gloria picchetti (287)
Tuesday January 22, 2013, 7:44 am
I remember a movie about Panama and malaria when I was a little girl. It's not that hard to prevent or cure. There is no reason to let people suffer that way.
 

Lisa Sears (172)
Tuesday January 22, 2013, 8:06 am
Somewhat difficult for the layman to follow, but this presents some promising information about targeting, and therefore treating, malaria. Thanks for sharing.
 

Melania Padilla (173)
Tuesday January 22, 2013, 11:02 am
Thanks
 

JL A. (272)
Tuesday January 22, 2013, 5:51 pm
You're welcome Cheryl, Magidka and Melania. Stars sent where possible, but unfortunately too soon for you Cheryl and Gloria.
 

Michael Kirkby (83)
Wednesday January 23, 2013, 9:30 am
Noted & posted
 

Mari 's (1365)
Wednesday January 23, 2013, 12:34 pm
Volunteer computing for African humanitarian causes

AFRICA@home is a website for volunteer computing projects which allow your computer to contribute to African humanitarian causes.

There is a huge potential for volunteer computing to help solve pressing health and environmental problems facing the developing world.

AFRICA@home addresses these problems by providing a common framework for volunteer computing projects that focus on African needs.

Malariacontrol.net http://boinc.berkeley.edu/projects.php or http://www.malariacontrol.net/ or

http://africa-at-home.web.cern.ch/africa-at-home/
 

JL A. (272)
Wednesday January 23, 2013, 2:52 pm
Thanks for posting Michael.
Mari's, thanks ever so much for providing us all with the URLs on how we can help address the serious issue of malaria in Africa!
 

Sergio Padilla (62)
Thursday January 24, 2013, 1:22 pm
Interesting
 
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