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Society & Culture  (tags: American Indians, Native Americans, Genocide, Dakota 38, Lincoln, culture, society, politics, government, sadness, murder, rights, crime, ethics, freedoms )

- 2766 days ago -
We're looking to take the film on the road as soon as it's finished and screen it along the route of the ride to the many small towns and reservations we rode through. Earlier this year we bought Winnie, a 1972 Winnebago Indian, and now we need to get ...

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kat yazzie (400)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 6:32 pm




kat yazzie (400)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 6:33 pm
In the spring of 2005, Lakota Spiritual Leader Jim Miller had a dream where he rode 330 miles on horseback. He eventually came to a river bank in Mankato, Minnesota where he saw 38 of his own ancestors hanged. Jim soon discovered that he had dreamt of the largest mass hanging in United States history ordered by Abraham Lincoln in 1862. In December of 2008, Jim and many others retraced the route of his dream on horseback as a means of bringing healing and reconciliation to all. "DAKOTA 38" is a feature length documentary film by Smooth Feather Productions which tells the story of this powerful 330 mile journey.


Over the next few months we're working towards bringing together the following elements. Everyone involved with Smooth Feather Productions has donated their time to create "Dakota 38" and the $20,000 we're looking to raise will go towards the following expenses.

-Creating an original Soundtrack.
We're planning to head out to the Dakotas and record many traditional songs with some of the riders from the film. We're creating a musical team of both Native and Non-native musicians to have a reconciliation process within the music. We're working with a NYC based string quartet & composer, a guitarist from DC, a violinist from Bermuda and many singers and drummers from South Dakota & Minnesota.

-A Sound Effects track.
We have some friends in NYC who work for one of the best sound effects companies and they've offered to lend us a hand. Although the studio time we need to rent is quite expensive. Our goal will be to enrich the sounds of the horses riding, the wild storms and the many voices you hear throughout the film.

-A Western Film Tour.
We're looking to take the film on the road as soon as it's finished and screen it along the route of the ride to the many small towns and reservations we rode through. Earlier this year we bought Winnie, a 1972 Winnebago Indian, and now we need to get her out to the plains for a first film tour.

These are our main expenses that any contribution would greatly help us fund.

We look forward to being in touch with everyone and hopefully we'll see you down the trail.

Thanks so much,

Silas & The Smooth Feather Team.

For More information visit,


kat yazzie (400)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 6:34 pm
In finishing "Dakota 38" we're currently seeking assistance in the following areas.
Musicians: Smooth Feather is currently seeking musicians to take part in the original score for "Dakota 38". Jay McKay has composed most of the music and now we're looking for musicians to record in the studio and bring the soundtrack to life. Violinist and good friend David France recently volunteered to play which we're very amped about.

Sound Engineer: Looking for a sound engineer to assist with recording musicians. We have a home recording studio at the Smooth Feather compound in DC, yet we're looking for someone who has access to Mic's and necessary audio equipment for recording.

Motion Graphics/Titling Editor:Looking for someone to create an animated map of the route of the ride. Below is a video of a few clips that we're currently using in the film. We're hoping to have it look a bit cleaner with only the stop over towns listed on the map and perhaps give the map an old fashion aesthetic. Furthermore, we're interested in having some 3D modeling where you're looking at the red line advance on the map from a bird's eye perspective.

Clearance Assistance: Currently there are many photos in the movie that we've yanked off of Google :) We now need assistance in contacting the owners of these photos and getting their permission. Most of the photos are from the Minnesota Historical Society and it is matter of working with them through phone & email to get permission.

Video Clearance Assistance: We're currently using some Vietnam Archival footage taken from Bill Couturie's 1987 HBO Documentary film, "Dear America, Letters Home From Vietnam". We're also using footage from a reenactment of the 38 being hanged in the 1972 Swedish film Nybyggarna (The New Land). We're seeking assistance in connecting with both HBO and the Swedish production company to get their permission.

Graphic Design: We're looking for assistance in creating a DVD cover and DVD label for "Dakota 38". To get an idea of one graphic theme we've worked with up to now visit,

Website Design & Coding: We're often making changes and updates to the website and frequently have questions about what type of code is needed to execute different functions. We'd love to be able to call on someone who speaks the wild language of websites and coding.
Winnebago Propane Conversion: Behold our glorious "Dakota 38" touring vehicle "Winnie". She's a 1972 Winnebago Indian with a front end grill from a Lincoln Continental. Yet another crazy sign that things are falling into place. Silas found it on craigslist in rural Maine for $1500 and never looked back. Recently we had our buddy Heath Rodgers from Integrity Auto Service go over it and make it cross country ready. Currently it's back in Maine ready for the open road. Yet the issue is that Winnie likes to guzzle the Gasoline, about 6-7 we're looking into converting it to natural gas legally so that we can get refilled at certified natural gas stations throughout the tour. Any mechanical help or research on how to do this safely would be greatly appreciated.

If you're interested in helping out with any of the above feel free to drop us a line..


kat yazzie (400)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 6:40 pm



Carole Sarcinello (338)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 6:49 pm

So many opportunities to help . . .

I'm sure we have some members here who can offer technical assistance, so PLEASE -- everyone -- get the word out to your talented friends who may be interested!

Charlie L (47)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 6:49 pm
Noted, thank you Kat. Sounds like an awesome project.

Anne P (174)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 6:55 pm
I am happy to support this project, Kat! Thanks - Anne

kat yazzie (400)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 6:57 pm




Carole Sarcinello (338)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 7:06 pm

Thanks for posting this, Kat!

kat yazzie (400)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 7:12 pm

Glad to do it, Carole!


kat yazzie (400)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 7:14 pm




Agnes H (144)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 7:18 pm
Noted, I'm sorry I can't help but I can surely forward this! I've got a film called Little Bighorn Remembered by Herman Viola. He's the author of the book with that title. It mentioned in there about the mass hanging of the Native Americans! I was well and truly disgusted by it.

Carole Sarcinello (338)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 7:19 pm
Also see another story posted by Kat:
Horseback Ride for Lights and Human Rights:The Dakota 38

kat yazzie (400)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 7:21 pm

Wado oganili !

Edwin M (346)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 7:27 pm
Noted, thank you for this Kat

H Nick H (1826)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 7:29 pm
I only wish I could help financially with this. It's a story that needs to be told. I'm just broke. And going poorer, especially if the republicans gain control again. God bless us all.

greenplanet e (155)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 7:30 pm
Sad and moving as well as powerful.

RosemaryRannes HusbandNeedsPrayers (650)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 7:31 pm
TY Kat & *C* for sending. Posted on my Twitter!%20-%20Care2%20News%20Network:%20!/babar2

Phyllis P (237)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 7:37 pm
noted...with anticipation of positive results!!!

RosemaryRannes HusbandNeedsPrayers (650)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 7:39 pm
Sorry this is better!/babar2 do a Care2 search and click on . There are alot of First Nations individuals in Canada who have talent and have worked on film, music and projects that relate to this one!

Debbie Hogan (115)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 7:41 pm
Very encouraging that so many generations beyond, Native Americans are still keeping the memory of their ancestors and their heritage alive. No funds to give at the moment...but when payday rolls around, I'll donate what I can. I hope they're able to make this happen. Thanks for spreading the word, Kat.

Jeannette A (137)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 7:52 pm
Noted... and backed. What is another week of peanut butter sandwiches compared to the value of this film?

Rhonda Maness (580)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 8:28 pm
Thanks Kat!!

Penelope Ryan (178)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 8:34 pm
Thanks Kat for the post. I wish I could send them a million as this black part of our history needs to be told.

Dave Kane (308)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 9:01 pm
How is it that I've never heard of this before? I've been reading "No More Lies" by Dick Gregory, published in 1972, and so far, apparently, he never heard of it either. So many lies, so many cover ups. So many crimes. How the hell can the US act as any kind of moral leader when we are so damn corrupt?

Dave Kane (308)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 9:25 pm
The Dakota War of 1862 (also known as the Sioux Uprising, Sioux Outbreak of 1862, the Dakota Conflict, the U.S.–Dakota War of 1862 or Little Crow's War) was an armed conflict between the United States and several bands of the eastern Sioux or Dakota which began on August 17, 1862, along the Minnesota River in southwest Minnesota. It ended with a mass execution of 38 Dakota men on December 26, 1862, in Mankato, Minnesota.

Throughout the late 1850s, treaty violations by the United States and late or unfair annuity payments by Indian agents caused increasing hunger and hardship among the Dakota. Traders with the Dakota previously had demanded that the government give the annuity payments directly to them (introducing the possibility of unfair dealing between the agents and the traders to the exclusion of the Dakota). In mid-1862 the Dakota demanded the annuities directly from their agent, Thomas J. Galbraith. The traders refused to provide any more supplies on credit under those conditions, and negotiations reached an impasse.[1]

On August 17, 1862, four Dakota killed five American settlers while on a hunting expedition. That night a council of Dakota decided to attack settlements throughout the Minnesota River valley to try to drive whites out of the area. There has never been an official report on the number of settlers killed, but estimates range from 400 to 800.

Over the next several months, continued battles between the Dakota against settlers and later, the United States Army, ended with the surrender of most of the Dakota bands.[2] By late December 1862, soldiers had taken captive more than a thousand Dakota, who were interned in jails in Minnesota. After trials and sentencing, 38 Dakota were hanged on December 26, 1862, in the largest one-day execution in American history. In April 1863 the rest of the Dakota were expelled from Minnesota to Nebraska and South Dakota. The United States Congress abolished their reservations.

Previous treaties

The United States and Dakota leaders negotiated the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux on July 23, 1851, and Treaty of Mendota on August 5, 1851, by which the Dakota ceded large tracts of land in Minnesota Territory to the U.S. In exchange for money and goods, the Dakota agreed to live on a 20-mile (32 km) wide Indian reservation centered on a 150 mile (240 km) stretch of the upper Minnesota River.
However, the United States Senate deleted Article 3 of each treaty during the ratification process. Much of the promised compensation never arrived, was lost, or was effectively stolen due to corruption in the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Also, annuity payments guaranteed to the Dakota often were provided directly to traders instead (to pay off debts which the Dakota incurred with the traders).


[edit]Previous treaties

The United States and Dakota leaders negotiated the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux on July 23, 1851, and Treaty of Mendota on August 5, 1851, by which the Dakota ceded large tracts of land in Minnesota Territory to the U.S. In exchange for money and goods, the Dakota agreed to live on a 20-mile (32 km) wide Indian reservation centered on a 150 mile (240 km) stretch of the upper Minnesota River.

However, the United States Senate deleted Article 3 of each treaty during the ratification process. Much of the promised compensation never arrived, was lost, or was effectively stolen due to corruption in the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Also, annuity payments guaranteed to the Dakota often were provided directly to traders instead (to pay off debts which the Dakota incurred with the traders).
[edit]Encroachments on Dakota lands

Little Crow, Dakota chief

When Minnesota became a state on May 11, 1858, representatives of several Dakota bands led by Little Crow traveled to Washington, D.C., to negotiate about enforcing existing treaties. The northern half of the reservation along the Minnesota River was lost, and rights to the quarry at Pipestone, Minnesota, were also ceded by the Dakota. This was a major blow to the standing of Little Crow in the Dakota community.
The ceded land was divided into townships and plots for settlement. Logging and agriculture on these plots eliminated surrounding forests and prairies, which interrupted the Dakota's annual cycle of farming, hunting, fishing and gathering wild rice. Hunting by settlers dramatically reduced wild game, such as bison, elk, whitetail deer and bear. Not only did this decrease the meat available for the Dakota in southern and western Minnesota, but it directly reduced their ability to sell furs to traders for additional supplies.
Although payments were guaranteed, the US government was often behind or failed to pay because of Federal preoccupation with the American Civil War. Most land in the river valley was not arable, and hunting could no longer support the Dakota community. The Dakota became increasingly discontented over their losses: land, non-payment of annuities, past broken treaties, plus food shortages and famine following crop failure. Tensions increased through the summer of 1862.

[edit]Breakdown of negotiations

On August 4, 1862, representatives of the northern Sissetowan and Wahpeton Dakota bands met at the Upper Sioux Agency in the northwestern part of the reservation and successfully negotiated to obtain food. When two other bands of the Dakota, the southern Mdewakanton and the Wahpekute, turned to the Lower Sioux Agency for supplies on August 15, 1862, they were rejected. Indian Agent (and Minnesota State Senator) Thomas Galbraith managed the area and would not distribute food without payment to these bands.
According to legend, at a meeting of the Dakota, the U.S. government and local traders, the Dakota representatives asked the representative of the government traders, Andrew Jackson Myrick, to sell them food on credit. His response was said to be, "[S]o far as I am concerned, let them eat grass." Accounts of his words have varied. According to an essay by Dr. Gary Clayton Anderson, professor of history at the University of Oklahoma, Myrick's comment has been elevated to a level of importance far above its original effect during early August 1862.[3]

[edit]Early fighting

On August 16, 1862, the treaty payments to the Dakota arrived in St. Paul, Minnesota, and were brought to Fort Ridgely the next day. They arrived too late to prevent violence. On August 17, 1862, four young Dakota men were on a hunting trip in Acton Township, Minnesota, during which they stole food and killed five white settlers. Soon after, a Dakota war council was convened and their leader, Little Crow, agreed to continue attacks on the European-American settlements to try to drive out the whites.

On August 18, 1862, Little Crow led a group that attacked the Lower Sioux (or Redwood) Agency. Andrew Myrick was among the first who were killed. He was discovered trying to escape through a second-floor window of a building at the agency. Myrick's body later was found with grass stuffed into his mouth. The warriors burned the buildings at the Lower Sioux Agency, accidentally providing time for settlers to escape across the river at Redwood Ferry. Minnesota militia forces and B Company of the 5th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment sent to quell the uprising were defeated at the Battle of Redwood Ferry. Twenty-four soldiers, including the party's commander (Captain John Marsh), were killed in the battle. Throughout the day, Dakota war parties swept the Minnesota River Valley and near vicinity, killing numerous settlers. Numerous settlements including the Townships of Milford, Leavenworth and Sacred Heart, were surrounded, burned and their populations nearly exterminated.

[edit]Early Dakota offensives

Lithograph depicting the Battle of Birch Coulee, 1912. Lithograph by Paul G. Biersach (1845-1927).
Confident with their initial success, the Dakota continued their offensive and attacked the settlement of New Ulm, Minnesota, on August 19, 1862, and again on August 23, 1862. Dakota warriors initially decided not to attack the heavily defended Fort Ridgely along the river. They turned toward the town, killing settlers along the way. By the time New Ulm was attacked, residents had organized defenses in the town center and were able to keep the Dakota at bay during the brief siege. Dakota warriors penetrated parts of the defenses enough to burn much of the town.[4] By that evening, a thunderstorm dampened the warfare, preventing further Dakota attacks.

Regular soldiers and militia from nearby towns (including two companies of the 5th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry then stationed at Fort Ridgely) reinforced New Ulm. Residents continued to build barricades around the town.

During this period, the Dakota attacked Fort Ridgely on August 20 and 22, 1862.[5][6] Although the Dakota were not able to take the fort, they ambushed a relief party from the fort to New Ulm on August 21. The defense at the Battle of Fort Ridgely further limited the ability of the American forces to aid outlying settlements. The Dakota raided farms and small settlements throughout south central Minnesota and what was then eastern Dakota Territory.

Minnesota militia counterattacks resulted in a major defeat of American forces at the Battle of Birch Coulee on September 2, 1862. The battle began when the Dakota attacked a detachment of 150 American soldiers at Birch Coulee, 16 miles (26 km) from Fort Ridgely. The detachment had been sent out to find survivors, bury American dead and report on the location of Dakota fighters. A three-hour firefight began with an early morning assault. Thirteen soldiers were killed and 47 were wounded, while only two Dakota were killed. A column of 240 soldiers from Fort Ridgely relieved the detachment at Birch Coulee the same afternoon.
[edit]Attacks in northern Minnesota

Settlers escaping the violence, 1862.
Further north, the Dakota attacked several unfortified stagecoach stops and river crossings along the Red River Trails, a settled trade route between Fort Garry (now Winnipeg, Manitoba) and Saint Paul, Minnesota, in the Red River Valley in northwestern Minnesota and eastern Dakota Territory. Many settlers and employees of the Hudson's Bay Company and other local enterprises in this sparsely populated country took refuge in Fort Abercrombie, located in a bend of the Red River of the North about 25 miles (40 km) south of present-day Fargo, North Dakota. Between late August and late September, the Dakota launched several attacks on Fort Abercrombie; all were repelled by its defenders.

In the meantime steamboat and flatboat trade on the Red River came to a halt. Mail carriers, stage drivers and military couriers were killed while attempting to reach settlements such as Pembina, North Dakota, Fort Garry, St. Cloud, Minnesota, and Fort Snelling. Eventually the garrison at Fort Abercrombie was relieved by a U.S. Army company from Fort Snelling, and the civilian refugees were removed to St. Cloud.

[edit]Army reinforcements

Due to the demands of the American Civil War, the region's representatives had to repeatedly appeal for aid before Pres. Abraham Lincoln appointed Gen. John Pope to quell the violence. He led troops from the 3rd Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment and 4th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment. Minnesota Gov. Alexander Ramsey also enlisted the help of Col. Henry Hastings Sibley (the previous governor) to aid in the effort.

After the arrival of a larger army force, the final large-scale fighting took place at the Battle of Wood Lake on September 23, 1862. According to the official report of Lt. Col. William R. Marshall of the 7th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment, elements of the 7th Minnesota and the 6th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment (and a six-pounder cannon) were deployed equally in dugouts and in a skirmish line. After brief fighting, the forces in the skirmish line charged against the Dakota (then in a ravine) and defeated them overwhelmingly.
Among the Citizen Soldier units in Sibley's expedition:

Captain Joseph F. Bean's Company "The Eureka Squad"
Captain David D. Lloyd's Company
Captain Calvin Potter's Company of Mounted Men
Captain Mark Hendrick's Battery of Light Artillery
1st Lt Christopher Hansen's Company "Cedar Valley Rangers" of the 5th Iowa State Militia, Mitchell Co, Iowa
elements of the 5th & 6th Iowa State Militia

[edit]Iowa Northern Border Brigade

Blockhouse built as part of a settlers' fort in Peterson, Iowa to defend against anticipated Dakota attacks in 1862.
In Iowa alarm over the Santee attacks led to the construction of a line of forts from Sioux City to Iowa Lake. The region had already been militarized because of the Spirit Lake Massacre in 1857. After the 1862 conflict began, the Iowa Legislature authorized “not less than 500 mounted men from the frontier counties at the earliest possible moment, and to be stationed where most needed”, although this number was soon reduced. Although no fighting took place in Iowa, the Dakota uprising led to the rapid expulsion of the few unassimilated Native Americans left there.[7][8]

[edit]Surrender of the Dakota

Most Dakota fighters surrendered shortly after the Battle of Wood Lake at Camp Release on September 26, 1862. The place was so-named because it was the site where the Dakota released 269 European-American captives to the troops commanded by Col. Henry Sibley. The captives included 162 "mixed-bloods" (mixed-race, some likely descendants of Dakota women who were mistakenly counted as captives) and 107 whites, mostly women and children. Most of the warriors were imprisoned before Sibley arrived at Camp Release.[9]:249 The surrendered Dakota warriors were held until military trials took place in November 1862.
Little Crow was forced to retreat sometime in September 1862. He stayed briefly in Canada but soon returned to the Minnesota area. He was killed on July 3, 1863, near Hutchinson, Minnesota, while gathering raspberries with his teenage son. The pair had wandered onto the land of white settler Nathan Lamson, who shot at them to collect bounties. Once it was discovered that the body was of Little Crow, his skull and scalp were put on display in St. Paul, Minnesota. The city held the trophies until 1971, when it returned the remains to Little Crow's grandson. For killing Little Crow, the state granted Lamson an additional $500 bounty. For his part in the warfare, Little Crow's son was sentenced to death by a military tribunal, a sentence then commuted to a prison term.


In early December, 303 Sioux prisoners were convicted of murder and rape by military tribunals and sentenced to death. Some trials lasted less than 5 minutes. No one explained the proceedings to the defendants, nor were the Sioux represented by a defense in court. Pres. Abraham Lincoln personally reviewed the trial records to distinguish between those who had engaged in warfare against the U.S., versus those who had committed crimes of rape and murder against civilians.

Henry Whipple, the Episcopal bishop of Minnesota and a reformer of U.S. policies toward Native Americans, urged Lincoln to proceed with leniency.[10] On the other hand, General Pope and Minnesota Senator Morton S. Wilkinson told him that leniency would not be received well by the white population. Governor Ramsey warned Lincoln that, unless all 303 Sioux were executed, "[P]rivate revenge would on all this border take the place of official judgment on these Indians." In the end, Lincoln commuted the death sentences of 264 prisoners, but he allowed the execution of 39 men.

This clemency resulted in protests from Minnesota, which persisted until the Secretary of the Interior offered white Minnesotans "reasonable compensation for the depredations committed." Republicans did not fare as well in Minnesota in the 1864 election as they had before. Ramsey (by then a senator) informed Lincoln that more hangings would have resulted in a larger electoral majority. The President reportedly replied, "I could not afford to hang men for votes."[11]

One of the 39 condemned prisoners was granted a reprieve.[9]:252-259[12] The Army executed the 38 remaining prisoners by hanging on December 26, 1862, in Mankato, Minnesota. It remains the largest mass execution in American history.

Drawing of the 1862 mass hanging in Mankato, Minnesota.

Wa-kan-o-zhan-zhan (Medicine Bottle)
At least two Sioux leaders, Little Six and Medicine Bottle, escaped to Canada. They were captured, drugged and returned to the United States. They were hanged at Fort Snelling in 1865.[13]


The mass execution was performed publicly on a single scaffold platform. After regimental surgeons pronounced the prisoners dead, they were buried en masse in a trench in the sand of the riverbank. Before they were buried, an unknown person nicknamed “Dr. Sheardown” possibly removed some of the prisoners' skin.[14] Small boxes purportedly containing the skin later were sold in Mankato.

[edit]Medical aftermath

Because of high demand for cadavers for anatomical study, several doctors requested the bodies after the execution. The grave was reopened and the bodies were distributed among local doctors, a practice common in the era. The doctor who received the body of Mahpiya Okinajin (He Who Stands in Clouds) was William Worrall Mayo.

Years later Mayo brought the body of Mahpiya Okinajin to Le Sueur, Minnesota, where he dissected it in the presence of medical colleagues.[15]:77-78 Afterward, he had the skeleton cleaned, dried and varnished. Mayo kept it in an iron kettle in his home office.[15]:167 In the late 20th century, the identifiable remains of Mahpiya Okinajin and other Native Americans were returned by the Mayo Clinic to a Dakota tribe for reburial per the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.[16][Full citation needed]


The remaining convicted Indians stayed in prison that winter. The following spring they were transferred to Rock Island, Illinois, where they were held in prison for almost four years. By the time of their release, one third of the prisoners had died of disease. The survivors were sent with their families to Nebraska. Their families had already had been expelled from Minnesota.

[edit]Pike Island Internment

Dakota Internment Camp, Fort Snelling, Winter 1862

Little Crow's wife and two children at Fort Snelling prison compound, 1864
During this time, more than 1600 Dakota women, children and old men were held in an internment camp on Pike Island, near Fort Snelling, Minnesota. Living conditions and sanitation were poor, and infectious disease struck the camp, killing more than three hundred.[17] In April 1863 the U.S. Congress abolished the reservation, declared all previous treaties with the Dakota null and void, and undertook proceedings to expel the Dakota people entirely from Minnesota. To this end, a bounty of $25 per scalp was placed on any Dakota found free within the boundaries of the state.[citation needed] The only exception to this legislation applied to 208 Mdewakanton, who remained neutral or assisted white settlers in the conflict.

In May 1863 Dakota survivors were forced aboard steamboats and relocated to the Crow Creek Reservation, in the southeastern Dakota Territory, a place stricken by drought at the time. Many of the survivors of Crow Creek moved three years later to the Niobrara Reservation in Nebraska.[18][19]

[edit]Firsthand accounts

There are numerous firsthand accounts of the wars and raids. For example, the compilation by Charles Bryant, titled Indian Massacre in Minnesota, included these graphic descriptions of events, taken from an interview with Mrs. Justina Krieger:

"Mr. Massipost had two daughters, young ladies, intelligent and accomplished. These the savages murdered most brutally. The head of one of them was afterward found, severed from the body, attached to a fish-hook, and hung upon a nail. His son, a young man of twenty-four years, was also killed. Mr. Massipost and a son of eight years escaped to New Ulm."[20]:141

"The daughter of Mr. Schwandt, enceinte, was cut open, as was learned afterward, the child taken alive from the mother, and nailed to a tree. The son of Mr. Schwandt, aged thirteen years, who had been beaten by the Indians, until dead, as was supposed, was present, and saw the entire tragedy. He saw the child taken alive from the body of his sister, Mrs. Waltz, and nailed to a tree in the yard. It struggled some time after the nails were driven through it! This occurred in the forenoon of Monday, 18th of August, 1862."[20]:300-301
[edit]Continued conflict

After the expulsion of the Dakota, some refugees and warriors made their way to Lakota lands. Battles continued between Minnesota regiments and combined Lakota and Dakota forces through 1864. Col. Henry Sibley pursued the Sioux into Dakota Territory. Sibley's army defeated the Lakota and Dakota in three major battles in 1863: the Battle of Dead Buffalo Lake on July 26, 1863; the Battle of Stony Lake on July 28, 1863; and the Battle of Whitestone Hill on September 3, 1863. The Sioux retreated further, but faced a United States army again in 1864. General Alfred Sully led a force from near Fort Pierre, South Dakota, and decisively defeated the Sioux at the Battle of Killdeer Mountain on July 28, 1864.

Conflicts continued. Within two years settlers' encroachment on Lakota land sparked Red Cloud's War; the US desire for control of the Black Hills in South Dakota prompted the government to authorize an offensive in 1876 in what would be called the Black Hills War. By 1881 the majority of the Sioux had surrendered to American military forces. In 1890 the Wounded Knee Massacre ended all effective Sioux resistance. It was the last major armed engagement between the United States and the Sioux.

A Dakota family that returned to Minnesota after the war-Alexander Goodthunder and his wife Snana.
[edit]Minnesota after the war
The Minnesota River valley and surrounding upland prairie areas were abandoned by most settlers during the war. Many of the families who fled their farms and homes as refugees never returned. Following the American Civil War, however, the area was resettled. By the mid-1870s, it was again being used for agriculture.

The Lower Sioux Indian Reservation was reestablished at the site of the Lower Sioux Agency near Morton. It was not until the 1930s that the US created the smaller Upper Sioux Indian Reservation near Granite Falls.
Although some Dakota opposed the war, most were expelled from Minnesota, including those who attempted to assist settlers. The Yankton Sioux Chief Struck by the Ree deployed some of his warriors to this effect, but was not judged friendly enough to be allowed to remain in the state immediately after the war. By the 1880s, a number of Dakota had moved back to the Minnesota River valley, notably the Goodthunder, Wabasha, Bluestone and Lawrence families. They were joined by Dakota families who had been living under the protection of Bishop Henry Benjamin Whipple and the trader Alexander Faribault.
By the late 1920s, the conflict began to pass into the realm of oral tradition in Minnesota. Eyewitness accounts were communicated first-hand to individuals who survived into the 1970s and early 1980s. The stories of innocent individuals and families of struggling pioneer farmers being killed by Dakota have remained in the consciousness of the prairie communities of southcentral Minnesota.[21][22][Full citation needed]
[edit]Monuments and memorials

A number of local monuments honor white civilians killed during the war. These include the following:
Acton, Minnesota monument to those killed in the attack on the Howard Baker farm;
Guri Endreson monument in the Vikor Lutheran Cemetery near Willmar, Minnesota; and
Brownton, Minnesota monument to the White family.
A large stone monument in the parade ground of Fort Ridgely commemorates members of the military killed in action.

The executed Dakota are remembered by monuments and annual pow-wows.
A monument in Reconciliation Park in Mankato, Minnesota commemorates the 38 Dakota hanged there.
Several stone statues were erected near the site of the hanging in Mankato.
Two pow-wows are held annually in remembrance: the Mankato Pow-wow, held in September, commemorates the lives of the executed men, but also seeks to reconcile the white and Dakota communities. The Birch Coulee Pow-wow, held on Labor Day weekend, honors the lives of those who were hanged.

Dave Kane (308)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 9:43 pm
What a brutal story.

The Treaty of Traverse des Sioux

The 1862 U.S.-Dakota War was a result of repeated breaches of treaty agreement by the U.S. government, specifically the violation of the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux. The Treaty of Traverse de Sioux of July 23, 1851 transferred most of Dakota land in southern Minnesota to the U.S. Government. In return the Dakota would retain a reservation and the U.S. would provide assistance with schools, trade, and farming, and yearly payments in food and gold. The government promised to pay $500,000 to move Indian villages and pay for debts the Dakota owed to traders. This amounted to less than $0.03 an acre in return for the Dakota homeland. In fact, the Dakota saw very little of the $500,000. It went directly to traders instead to pay Dakota debts. U.S. officials coerced Dakota leaders to sign the treaty by threatening to withhold rations or take the land by force. The Dakota signers of the treaty were then given another document to sign which gave away most of the money that had been promised to them directly to white traders to pay debts. Still, the U.S. Senate refused to uphold its own responsibility in the treaty. Before ratifying the treaty, the Senate eliminated the passage granting the Dakota a reservation.

Before long, a massive influx of immigrants began to encroach on the Dakota reservation. The government redrew the boundaries of the reservation, which severely crowded the Dakota, yet allowed most settlers to stay. Traders continued to hold the Dakota beholden to their services and the debts of the Dakota rose again. Prices were high, government payments were often late, and food subsidies were all too frequently rotten. On March 13, 1858, 26 Dakota chiefs were taken to Washington to meet with President James Buchanan. They were held in Washington for four months before being told they had to move off another portion of the reservation. According to Indian accounts, most of that money went to the traders as well. A blight severely damaged Dakota crops in the spring and early summer of 1862. Food shortages coupled by late annuity payments from the government caused widespread hunger since most traders ended Dakota credit. Frustration and hunger led to foraging. One Indian foraging party attacked a family of settlers near Acton, MN on August 17, 1862. With three men and two women dead, the Dakota gathered. Tribal members managed to convince the Dakota leader Little Crow (Taoyateduta) that the time to go to war against the settlers was at hand.

The War

On August 18, 1862, a Dakota force struck the Lower Sioux Agency. They then surprised a forty-man relief party of United States Army troops from Fort Ridgely, Minnesota, killing nearly all the troops. Attacks on Fort Ridgely and New Ulm took place over the course of the next week. Stiff resistance from settlers and soldiers prevented complete Dakota victory but New Ulm was so badly burned the inhabitants abandoned it and fled for safety. The Dakota fought in their traditional manner; only women or children were taken as prisoners. News of the violence spread quickly and settlers throughout the Minnesota River valley fled their homes only to find refuge in houses abandoned by other fleeing settlers. Governor Ramsey commissioned Henry Sibley as a Brigadier General to lead a relief party 1400 strong. This motley crew of poorly equipped raw recruits proceeded at an agonizingly slow pace from Fort Snelling, gathering provisions, munitions, and even draft horses wherever they could. Sibley moved up the Minnesota River valley, requesting Little Crow surrender. Little Crow refused to yield without a guarantee of amnesty for his people. The fighting ended at Wood Lake on September 23 in a clumsy standoff with neither side sustaining major casualties. Little Crow fled to the Dakota Territory after Wood Lake. He appealed to the British in Canada in hopes of renewing the alliance they had during the War of 1812, but to little avail. On July 3rd, 1863 Little Crow was shot by farmer Nathan Lamson while picking raspberries near Hutchinson, MN. Little Crow's scalp and some other personal memorabilia were publicly displayed by the state until being laid to rest in 1971. Exaggerated figures abounded immediately after the war but the true count of the dead was 77 soldiers, 413 white civilians, and 71 Indians (38 of whom were later executed in Mankato). Both sides suffered greatly, but the suffering of the Dakota people did not end with the war.

War Trials

Many Dakota people fled after the war to escape being killed or captured. They dispersed to the north into Canada and to the west into the Dakotas and Nebraska. Many died from exposure or starvation during their flight, but some survived and their descendents live on the Crow Creek, Lake Traverse, and Spirit Lake reservations.

The remaining Dakota surrendered. Sibley's force rounded up 1700 Dakota women, children, and elders and began a forced march from the Lower Sioux Agency to a concentration camp at Fort Snelling. They walked 20 miles a day. Along the way they were subjected to physical and verbal violence by local white people. New Ulm residents poured hot, scalding water over their heads. Many were killed or died from hunger and sickness.

The Dakota men were held at the Lower Sioux Agency, then taken to a prison camp in Mankato, MN. Along the way to Mankato they were assaulted by mobs. Some died after being beaten with whips and pitchforks. Military trials of 425 Dakota warriors took on a farcical air, with many trials lasting only a few minutes each. Many convictions relied upon testimony of defendants that plea-bargained in return for leniency. When 321 men were convicted and all but 18 sentenced to die Bishop Whipple, an Episcopalian who worked with the Dakota, convinced President Abraham Lincoln to intervene. Lincoln commuted most of the sentences to prison, but he upheld the convictions of 38 to appease angry white settlers. On December 26, 1862, three thousand people gathered to watch the hanging of these thirty-eight Dakota in Mankato, MN. It was the largest mass execution in U.S. history.


The remaining Dakota prisoners were treated with brutality. Soldiers held prisoners at Fort Snelling through the winter. The soldiers treated them brutally, violating the women and then killing them. Many people died from disease because of the crowded conditions. Others committed suicide because of the horrors they saw there. Some days soldiers buried as many as 50 people in a mass grave. The following spring the soldiers took Dakota and Ho-Chunk prisoners down the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. The remaining men were imprisoned in Davenport, Iowa. The women and children were taken to another prison camp in Crow Creek, South Dakota.

The government declared the various land treaties negotiated with the Dakota as null and void. No Dakota was permitted to live in Minnesota and the bounty on Dakota scalps was raised. Indian annuities were ended and given to settlers. The only Dakota people who were allowed to stay in Minnesota were the "Loyal Mdewakanton," who did not participate in the war. They were given reservations on the condition that they sever all tribal ties. Today they live on the Lower Sioux, Prairie Island, and Shakopee (Prior Lake) reservations.


The events of the U.S.-Dakota War, particularly the hanging of the 38 Dakota, are a painful and sobering mark on Minnesota history. Relations between the Dakota and non-Dakota people of the area were strained for decades afterwards. In the 1970s Amos Owen, a Dakota spiritual leader, and Bud Lawrence, a white businessman, spearheaded reconciliation efforts by coordinating the first Mahkato Wacipi, a three-day pow-wow to commemorate the 38 Dakota. The Mahkato Wacipi became an annual event, with an Education Day for local schoolchildren. In 1980 the City of Mankato presented the Dakota people with a park, the Dakota Wokiksuye Mokoce (Dakota Land of Memories) where the wacipi is held every September.

Wounds ran deep; the work toward reconciliation continued for decades. Amos Owen started an annual Memorial Relay Run from Fort Snelling to Mankato in 1986. In 1987, the 125th anniversary of the execution, Minnesota's Governor declared a Year of Reconciliation. The City of Mankato commissioned local artist Tom Miller to create the statue "Winter Warrior" that stands at the site of the execution, next to the Mankato Public Library. The remains of the executed Dakota, which had been dug from their graves by frontier doctors for dissection, were returned to the Dakota and buried properly after being hidden in a museum for over a century. In 1992 the City of Mankato purchased the site of the execution and named it Reconciliation Park. People from the Mankato community worked with Dakota people to raise funds for a statue of a white buffalo at the park. People gather there every December 26th, the anniversary of the execution, in prayer and remembrance.


Barry, Paul
1999 Reconciliation - Healing and Remembering. Canku Ota - A Newsletter Celebrating Native America, December 25.

Berg, Kristian
1993 The Dakota Conflict. KTCA TV, St. Paul, MN.

Blashfield, Jean F.
1993 Awesome Almanac-Minnesota. Fontana, WI: B&B Publishing, Inc.

Coleman, Nick
2007 As Minnesota Turns 150, How Will It Face Up To Its Original Sin? Minneapolis-St. Paul Star Tribune, December 22.

Dowlin, Sheryl L. and Bruce
2002 Healing History's Wounds: Reconciliation Communication Efforts to Build Community Between Minnesota Dakota (Sioux) and Non Dakota Peoples.
Peace and Change 27(3):412-436.

Lass, William E.
1998 Minnesota: A History. 2nd edition. New York: Norton&Company.

Manipi Hena Owasin Wicunkiksuyapi (We Remember All Those Who Walked)
Electronic document,, accessed May 28, 2009.

2008 What Does Justice Look Like? The Struggle for Liberation in Dakota Homeland. St. Paul, Minnesota: Living Justice Press.

"Traverse des Sioux Site," "Public execution of the 38 Dakota Indians at Mankato," and "Encampment of Sioux Prisoners at Fort Snelling" courtesy of the Minnesota Historical Society.

More info:


Dave Kane (308)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 9:44 pm

Dave Kane (308)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 9:45 pm

Past Member (0)
Saturday October 23, 2010, 10:40 pm
I was honored to back this project Kat! Thanx for bringing this to the attention of people that did not know this part of Lincoln's history. The reason these things aren't known, is because they still are not being taught in the classrooms and through textbooks. When I graduated high school in 1987, our history books still included terms such as "savages" when speaking about Native American peoples. People are also unaware that the Lakota people are among the poorest of the poor in this country. Anyone not believing this, would do well to learn about the conditions on the Pine Ridge Reservation. The trailer of this movie alone moved me to tears, and I will be devastated if it cannot be fully backed, and not released. Please let us help in whatever way, as you can even donate just $1, and we can all certainly keep this project in our prayers!

Tinkie K (71)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 12:10 am
Thanks for this. This is very positive. The USA is, or was, a European colony. Nearly all immigrants, in the first 150 years of existance, were from European descent. At the time, the European rulers (and nothing has changed except that now they do it more sophisticated), were bent on conquering land, taking it's resources and enslaving it's people, for the benefit of the European Elite. They did just that - killed everything and anyone who stood in their way. Also Europe was over-populated, so the term, which Nazis used later - Lebensraum - or "space to live" - was implemented. The native people were destroyed.... nearly. It does seem like something is changing. It is very subtle, but still, it is changing for the better. In the 1950's, the "best" TV programs, were about "Cowboys and Indians", and of course, the Natives were always the bad guys. People then believed this version. By the way, in the 1950's some black people were taken from the Belgium Congo to Belgium and they were exhibited in cages like animals. Colonialism had made way to Nationalism, which in turn changed into White Supremacy. Now it seems, that most European people (also the ones in the Americas) understand the truth of what really happened, and even generations later, they are feeling the shame. The Native Americans seem to be "re-emerging". Suddenly people are listening to them, and their ways. If once, Native Americans were depicted being "backward", now it is proven that the Western life-style, is the one which is "backward" and unsustainable. People all over the world are starting to listen to the Native Americans. There is also a huge interest in the arts and culture of the Native Americans. All of this is making me feel very happy. I know from my own past experiences, my Native friends, were the nicest ever. I always felt completely at home and very comfertable with them. The bigotry against them, always brought me shame; after all, I was born in Canada and I am also European descent. I hope and I pray that the Natives will find a way where they can educate their kids in their own manner, and return to past values. Pride of the cultural heritage, and forgiveness (even if there is a huge reason to be angry, anger only destroys, it does nothing good), will propel the Native American community forwards. Once an entire people are broken, it takes generations to heal, and thank goodness, it seems to be happening, even if one does need a lot of patience. It is going in the right direction which is wonderful.

Blacktiger P (247)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 12:39 am
Is it not sad that the American government still carries on the same way? The Natives were only trying to drive the whites off their lands. Shades of Iraq, Afghanistan, and now Pakistan and Iran. Hmmmm!

ParsifalAWAY S (99)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 12:41 am
Thank you Kat. TUFT Carole for your forward.
I have made it, eventually to crack the video's code and to forward to my friends by posting it at their profiles comment sections.

If it works here within comments boxes, (I hope - one only knows if it tries...)
you can copy/paste this submission below and put it into your friends pages comment sections to get a greater impact and hopefully make this great project come tru.

Here we go. Press your thumbs:
Dakota 38 is Smooth Feather Productions latest documentary film. Follows a 330mile horseback ride to honor 38 Dakota men hanged in 1862. If you haven't so far, back this project. Thank you Technical assistance in several areas of the production of this film also is needed. Please read and contact your talented friends who may be interested in helping!

ParsifalAWAY S (99)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 12:43 am
No, did not work here @ c2NN, so I carry on posting this to my friends profile.
(It even did not appear above... grrrr)

Arild Gone for now (174)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 1:20 am
TY Kat & "C"

Sini K (113)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 1:28 am
Noted, signed and thank you.

Abdessalam Diab (145)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 5:09 am
Noted and shared on face book . I wish I could give a hand in this noble project.

Barbara K (60)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 5:10 am
Thanks, my friend, noted and will try to help on payday.

ewoud k (68)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 6:20 am
Noted, viewed and done.

Thanks Kat, looking forward to see the movie.

And th eothers: read Dee Brown' story: Bury my heart at Wounded Knee, not an uprising thing, but makes you understand better some dark sides of history.

Past Member (0)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 6:29 am
Noted, thanks. I certainly hope they get the backing and help they need to make this much needed film a reality.

Michela M (3964)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 6:32 am
Noted!!! Thanks!! Ciao!! Michela

Past Member (0)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 6:44 am

Debbie Hogan (115)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 6:54 am
Disgraceful...Thanks for that information, Dave...Even more incentive to support this project.

Sad indeed, BlackTiger....Sad indeed...Has our government learned nothing...?

Past Member (0)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 7:04 am
Thank you Kat Amazing did not know about Lincoln's role in this massacre.
Carole and Parsifal thx for forwarding.
Shared in my friends network

Past Member (0)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 8:36 am
I posted this to my facebook page, I am reading the real story now on

Larry Kibby (13)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 8:37 am
Noted and Thank You

Valerie H (133)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 8:39 am
*Very* interesting ~ thanks for sharing with us........

Marvin Green (55)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 9:35 am
Thank You for the ret of the story Dave Kane. It is a shame the way that the United States treated the indians. They took advantage of the language barrier. They shorted and cheated the indians. And then they drove them to violence and killed abunch of them and hanged them for resorting to violence that they were pushed to by our government not holding up their end of the bargain. It's just a shame. Our government is still pushing people today. Obama's healthcare bill is pushing people to buy healthcare they can't afford or face prison time. Same thing only different people. Only the rich and the illegal aliens have it made here.

patricia lasek (317)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 10:02 am
This and many more atrocities were committed against the Natives by the European "conquerors and the US government. If not for the many skilled Native American authors I have read, I wouldn't have heard of this before either. Sorry Kat, I'm unable to donate.

Ruth M (843)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 10:11 am
This is a part of history I never knew. This project is great to learn more about the 38 Dakota men. What was Abraham Lincoln thinking when he had them hung. I hope they get the funding to finish. I can hardly wait to see it. Thanks, Kat

Donn M (56)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 11:47 am
A lot of sad history and horrible brutality on both sides. Some of them certainly deserved to be hung, but whether those punished were the guilty ones will never be known. The greater tragedy was the aftermath and retribution accorded the rest of the Dakota people.

Sharon Richardson (9)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 11:48 am
What solace this healing ride will bring us! The film and its encompassing research, legends, historical accounts, personal and public education-- all the process is the stuff of which dreams are made. It is the time and place for dreams being realized. I urge you to support this work for the good in whatever way you can. It will make the American landscape more beautiful.

Glenda J (158)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 1:05 pm
Steven & I were honored to back this project Kat thank you for bringing it the surface..Greatness comes from healing past.

Pat B (356)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 1:38 pm
Thank you, Kat and Carole for FW...Sending to friends, and also sending link to school...

ewoud k (68)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 1:50 pm
See also: Dee Brown - Bury my heart at Wounded Knee chapter 3 : "On december 6 Pres Linoln notified Sibleythat he should "cause to be executed" 39 out of th e303 convictedSantees..(....)... Execution day was december 26".

Sheryl G (363)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 2:42 pm
I am more than glad to donate to this film and I hope they meet the monies they need by the Nov. 18th date.

I, myself, like so many, are stretching the dollars, but this information needs so desperately to get out there, I will do without something else to contribute to this.

I donated $20, I wish I could do more, but every dollar helps, so if everyone could just donate a single dollar then it would be wonderful, and may allow them to meet their goal in time.

Pledging $20.00 to Dakota 38 on Kickstarter.
Smooth Feather Productions via Kickstarter
Valid From: October 24, 2010
Valid Until: February 16, 2011

You are now an official backer of "Dakota 38".

Come on people, it was easy, and I think each of us can come up with at least a $1 or a bit more. We can not bring those 38 men back, but we can do something to not forget them.

Süheyla C (234)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 3:48 pm
I don't know. I'm sorry.

Süheyla C (234)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 3:53 pm
I do not know English well. I could not understand.

Past Member (0)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 5:12 pm
There have only been 8 backers since my first post yesterday! How can this be? Sacrifice your $1 cup of coffee for this project, at the very least!

Shirley S (187)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 6:36 pm

Sheryl G (363)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 8:43 pm
I agree Andrea, few programs will accept as little as $1.

Anyone who is living today on this soil in the USA has benefited from what the Native American has given. Do you know that 60% of the worlds food supply comes from Native American agriculture?

$1 people......$1

Janice G (55)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 10:13 pm
Noted with thanks.

MmAway M (505)
Sunday October 24, 2010, 10:36 pm
Thanks Kat, I still have falling tears from watching the video....

Frankly I never knew that Lincoln of all people ordered this!!! OBSCENE!!!

Sure $1.00 I would love to send it, but living on credit cards and lucky to have my rescue with me...if only I had the cash I used to have before I was married!!!

Special video, but just broke my heart!

kat yazzie (400)
Monday October 25, 2010, 9:28 am




This project will ONLY be funded if at least $20,000 is pledged by Thursday Nov 18, 11:29am EST



Sheryl G (363)
Monday October 25, 2010, 9:39 am



Barbara W (342)
Monday October 25, 2010, 10:12 am
October 25, 2010

DTDN is sending this to it's network and others and also adding it to our high profile websites which reach a large market..:

Be a part of history where the truth finally becomes that which sets US all free! Please view the video and share in the experience.. This issue, "Dakota 38", like many before and since, Leonard Peltier being one, demands the truth become the guide of reasonable, passionate for the truth, people!


Linda G (187)
Monday October 25, 2010, 12:37 pm
I went to to become a small backer of this project. I was pleased that the billing goes through, a very trusted site. Thanks so much for making me aware of this and letting me share in this project.
We, as Americans, must unite our voices to have school textbooks in our schools that correctly reflect our history... the good, the bad and the indifferent. Unless and until we are dealing only with truth will we be able to call ourselves a democracy. It serves no one to hide the truth.

kat yazzie (400)
Monday October 25, 2010, 3:04 pm


"From Steven & Glenda Jasper

I have done my share and then some, being brought to me by Care2 friends and allow ne to say how very proud on my rainey Sunday afternoon in the rural area of Placer county has made my day being able to donate what we could afford for a wonderful enlightment of helping others get to the Circle of filming on an excellent cause. Be all that you may when in need. I have never since a young child believed to much in History for the falsehood it has brought to ones that has had to live with unjustified justice. "Dakota 38" will be one adventure we will never forget for the truth prevails in the end."


Past Member (0)
Monday October 25, 2010, 3:18 pm
Noted and thank you. I lived in Northwest Iowa and can remember how the Sioux Natives suffered even in the 1960's when I was a child. Not much changed in 100 years for the Sioux Nations. Our behaviors towards the people of nations has been despicable and deplorable. Our government has continually stolen, lied and cheated. These natives have only offered us friendship and sharing this beautiful country. We were greedy, stole it all and did just horrible things to the Nations. The 38, is another example of our greed, selfishness and inhumanity. I sincerely hope that we will all do so much better, our Native people deserve it from us.

Krasimira B (175)
Monday October 25, 2010, 4:04 pm
Noted, viewed and done (20$). For me is a honor. Thank you Kat.

Sorry to be late, I pay always cash:-)

Evelyn Z (300)
Monday October 25, 2010, 4:55 pm
Nated. Thanks Kat and Carole.
Sorry I can't help, I "try" to survive on Soc. Sec.

Sheryl G (363)
Monday October 25, 2010, 5:02 pm
You cannot currently send a star to Linda because you have done so within the last week.

You cannot currently send a star to Krasimira because you have done so within the last week.

Barbara W (342)
Monday October 25, 2010, 7:04 pm
This story seems very familiar. Does it not America? Those in power still speak with fork tongue.The government and the corporations of the day (1800) stole their land. Tried to rape them of their dignity. Made promises never meant to be kept! Killed their families! Used them in wars. And then we had the audacity to "Dare" blame them for rebelling against our dark deeds as they were made helpless as their loved ones were dying from starvation and the winter cold. America's Shame goes back many many moons! Barbara/founder/dtdn Dakota 38 is linked here & here
The Link Between Palestinians and Native Americans

Manifest Destiny was a concept which heavily influenced American policy in the 1800s.

Sheryl G (363)
Monday October 25, 2010, 7:13 pm
This is so true Barbara, when we do not understand our history, then we are doomed to repeat it over and over. When we do not stand up for our brothers and sisters, then the same type of treatment will befall us all.

Sheryl G (363)
Monday October 25, 2010, 7:26 pm
You cannot currently send a star to Caitlin because you have done so within the last week.

For adding your pledge to support this film and the education it will provide.

offline away busy sorry (63)
Monday October 25, 2010, 7:54 pm
noted and very interest indian people are great i had a friend that he would have liked and support it but he is dead he used to collect indian pictures and he even wrote a book of indian history, i wish this project the best and hope to get the money to help.

Carmen S (69)
Monday October 25, 2010, 8:07 pm
Sheryl is there an address we can send a check to? I do not like to donate over the web.
Thanks. My heart and best wishes are with them.
I do have to say one thing in regard to Lincoln. He was a compasionate man and they wanted to murder 308 or so of the Indians so he cut it down to the 38 . And lets face it at that time in the east the people thought of them as savages not really knowing anything about them.
It is now we realize what an injustice was made to the Amerian Indians and we most certainly should try to help them in every way.
In American History not much is taught about the Indian and this too should be rectified, unfortunatly with Texas ordering the most history books and they are changing history to suit them the rest of the country is forced to buy the same crappy history they serve.

Sheryl G (363)
Monday October 25, 2010, 8:08 pm
Thank you Robert, every dollar helps. Sorry for the loss of your friend.

Penelope Ryan (178)
Monday October 25, 2010, 8:30 pm
I think of al the first nations have endured and I cry for them, and wish the past could be undone. I am looking forward to this story getting to large numbers because I know the injustice needs to be recognized for what it was. I wish I were able I would love to join them in all ways. My heart and prayers are for the people and their cause. Thanks kat for all you do.

Monday October 25, 2010, 8:59 pm

Cam V (417)
Monday October 25, 2010, 9:37 pm
What a worth while and historical project! I wish them every success!

Teresa K (33)
Monday October 25, 2010, 10:04 pm
Noted and shared, Thank you.

Past Member (0)
Tuesday October 26, 2010, 4:50 am

Greetings from Amazon Payments, We have received your Tue Oct 26 11:45:17 GMT 2010 authorization to let Smooth Feather Productions charge you. Details of this transaction are below: Authorization summary:---------------------Recipient: Smooth Feather Productions

Sheryl G (363)
Tuesday October 26, 2010, 6:49 am
Thank you Dee, and as I told Robert & Carmen personally, Kickstarter is unable to accept cash or checks due to the way it is set up. It is a pledge, if they do not meet the pledge amount, then they will not bill a credit card, however with checks and such that would require mailing them back to the person which would then cost the postage to do so.

Past Member (0)
Tuesday October 26, 2010, 8:00 am
Thank you Kat for the good post.
Sending a Green Star is a simple way to say "Thank you"

Past Member (0)
Tuesday October 26, 2010, 3:36 pm
Thank you. This is a real eye opener and important for all to know. How shameful the past is and how awful the present continues to dismiss it.

Daniel C (58)
Wednesday October 27, 2010, 4:52 am
Thank You. Noted......

Kathy Chadwell (354)
Wednesday October 27, 2010, 6:56 pm
Thank you Kat & Andrea for the forward
I posted the video to myspace, FB & twitters asking all to watch

Henry P (171)
Wednesday October 27, 2010, 8:39 pm
Thanks for posting Kat

SANJA l (96)
Thursday October 28, 2010, 3:26 am
Thanks Kat

Michael Feenaughty (267)
Friday November 5, 2010, 4:43 am

. (0)
Saturday November 6, 2010, 6:45 pm
best of luck!

Debbie Hogan (115)
Monday November 8, 2010, 2:31 pm
"Dakota 38" Update
By Silas Hagerty
To friends, family, and glorious supporters I have yet to meet,

I wanted to thank you all for your amazing support. Over the past few weeks it has been both humbling and inspiring to see the support from so many different directions and of all different sizes. We're currently about 70 percent of the way towards our goal which is exciting. There are 9 days to go.

We're getting fired up to load up the Winnebago once the film is finished and begin screening "Dakota 38" across the country. We've got a 16 foot wide screen and a sound system that echoes through the hills. Each of your generous gifts makes finishing the film and embarking on this voyage of healing & reconciliation all the more possible.

Thanks again for you amazing support and we're honored to have 103 new souls involved with "Dakota 38".

Sending much love and thanks,



Corinna M (40)
Saturday November 13, 2010, 12:17 am
Pledged and posted on Facebook. Only 4 days to go and $4614.00 to go. I hope we can read that amount!

Sheryl G (363)
Saturday November 13, 2010, 5:29 am
Thank you Corinna for posting on Facebook. It is getting near the finish line, and I do hope the movie meets it's goal. I've let everyone I can possibly know about it as well as making a pledge myself.

Angelika R (143)
Thursday November 18, 2010, 12:18 pm
Update Nov 18 -deadline : HURRAYYYYY

Thanks to you, "Dakota 38" by Silas Hagerty has been successfully funded!
Congrats! Amazon will now charge your credit card and transfer the money directly to Silas Hagerty.

Kudos to Sheryl for her endeavor to encourage and remind everyone and Kudos to Kat of course. Silas H.' s success in getting it funded is also a personal success for Kat, the way I see it. Congrats!


Sheryl G (363)
Thursday November 18, 2010, 1:07 pm
Thank you Angelika, I really was in hopes that this would make it and if anything I did helped, and I know some told me that had donated via my messages then I'm even more delighted. Also a big thanks to Kat for letting us know about this to begin with. I'm still doing my "happy feet dance" while I type.

Carole Sarcinello (338)
Thursday November 18, 2010, 1:33 pm


I must admit that I had my doubts -- in these hard times -- that the goal would be met.


Debbie Hogan (115)
Thursday November 18, 2010, 2:33 pm
Just got the message, myself. Great news! Looked like it was down to the wire for them. Glad they were able to get the funding they needed to make this important film. Thanks, everyone....and thanks again, Kat, for calling it to our attention.

Debbie Hogan (115)
Thursday November 18, 2010, 6:33 pm
We Made It!!!!!
By Silas Hagerty
Kickstart my heart!

I'm so humbled by all the support that has surrounded this film. There were times when I got a bit nervous about raising the 20K in 30 days, yet this project continues to inspire me with how it has a life of its own. I'm so honored to be part of this group of 182 people committed to the healing and reconciliation that this film represents.

For the past week we've been working non-stop on the soundtrack for Dakota 38. Both of our composers, Jay McKay and Jay Parrotta, have been blowing my mind with what they've been creating. We also had our buddy Brian Baumbusch record some guitar tracks which are great. I can't wait to share it with all of you soon. We've been working with a Dakota Hymn that the 38 sang before they were hanged and it's unbelievably powerful. I hope to upload a video of some of the recordings sessions soon.

Furthermore, I'll keep you all up to date as the journey of the film evolves. Tomorrow morning I'm headed to Minneapolis where we'll be showing the latest rough cut of Dakota 38 at Minnesota University tomorrow night (Nov. 19th) at 5 PM, and then also on Saturday at Ft. Snelling Visitor Center at 1:30 PM. If any of you are in that part of the world, you're more than welcome to join.

Thanks again to all of you. You guys are the best!

Much love from DC,



Vanessa S (43)
Saturday November 20, 2010, 12:49 pm
Noted.Thank you Kat for sharing this story. It is very sad and moving. I visited the link above, and was glad to see that the goal has been reached.

Debbie Hogan (115)
Thursday December 16, 2010, 6:50 pm
Headed out to this year's ride.
By Silas Hagerty
Hello everyone,

I'm just packing up my bags right now in DC and I'm headed to join the riders for this years ride. I'm meeting up with fellow smooth feather cowboys Adam Mastrelli and Sidharta Pascual in Cedar Rapids Iowa and then we'll be heading across the plains in our rental car to find the riders around Pipestone, Minnesota.

Over the past few weeks we've had a chance to create some amazing music for the soundtrack. I've posted a couple videos of co-composers Jay Mckay & Jay Parrotta working on the score. Feel free to check them out on the Smooth Feather Journey page,

We also wanted to give you an update as to when we'll be sending out the DVD's for Dakota 38 as many people have been asking. We're aiming to have it all together by summer time of next year. There are many small details that still need to come together and I'm continually humbled by how much work it takes to create a feature length film. We'll be sure to keep you updated between now and then with the latest developments though.

Alright, well I'm off to packing for the ride.

Sending much love from DC,



Süheyla C (234)
Sunday January 30, 2011, 1:51 pm
Thanks, noted
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