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Scientists Fool Veggies Into Being More Nutritious


Health & Wellness  (tags: food, nutrition, science, research, diet, prevention, protection, health )

Michael
- 681 days ago - cbc.ca
Researchers have found they can boost levels of nutritious, cancer-fighting compounds in vegetables such as cabbage by fooling the vegetables into thinking it's a certain time of day.



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Comments

Michael O. (177)
Thursday June 20, 2013, 8:57 pm
Janet Braam, a biologist at Rice University in Houston, Texas, and her colleagues discovered in 2012 that Arabidopsis thaliana, a plant related to cabbages and broccoli, uses its internal biological clock or "circadian rhythm" to ramp up production of insect-fighting chemicals at the times of day when the insects are most likely to attack and feed on them.

"That way, the plant prepares for the attack before it actually happens," Braam told Bob McDonald, host of CBC Radio's Quirks & Quarks, in an interview that airs Saturday.

Plants keep their internal clocks synchronized to the environment by detecting the light and temperature conditions around them.

Braam was interested to find out if plants can maintain those rhythms, after they're harvested and waiting to be purchased and eaten, since some of the insect-fighting chemicals also have anti-cancer properties.

They discovered that cabbages, spinach, lettuce, zucchini, blueberries and even root vegetables such as carrots and sweet potatoes all maintained their internal clocks after being harvested if exposed to controlled lighting in a sealed chamber. The results came as a bit of a surprise, Braam said.

"We understood that crops don't die as soon as you take them away from their roots or dig them up from the soil," she said. "But they're much more responsive and active than I think we were aware."

The researchers also found they could make cabbage leaves increase their production of an anti-insect, anti-cancer compound called gluoraphanin at certain times of the day by manipulating the light conditions to trick the cabbage's internal clock.

Typically, Braam said, cabbages produce more of the compound during the day than at night, and more of it later in the day than in the morning.

The researchers also found that if cabbage was exposed to regular light and day cycles after harvest, it remained more resistant to insect attacks during storage.

"It's beneficial to keep the clock running even after harvest," Bram said.

The findings were published Thursday in the journal Current Biology.

Braam said the study was inspired by a conversation with her teenage son, after she told him about her earlier discovery of the link between the time of day and a plant's production of anti-insect chemicals. He commented that he now knew what time of day to eat his vegetables.

Knowing about the plants' rhythms may indeed make it possible to eat or preserve fruits and veggies at the time of day when the accumulation of healthy compounds peaks, Braam said.

On the other hand, storing vegetables in dark trucks, boxes and refrigerators may interfere with their ability to maintain their daily biological rhythms. However, Braam said plants are very sensitive to stimuli such as light and temperature, so it may not take very much to keep their clocks ticking.

 

LMj Recovering Sunshine (144)
Thursday June 20, 2013, 11:15 pm
Interesting, amazing info, thank you.
 

Past Member (0)
Friday June 21, 2013, 6:49 am
Interesting...



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Jesus is God :D
 

John De Avalon (35)
Friday June 21, 2013, 7:11 am
Fascinating...
 

Susan B. (71)
Friday June 21, 2013, 7:41 am
Thank you
 

Past Member (0)
Friday June 21, 2013, 8:13 am
Thanks. Who said plants aren't "intelligent"?
 

Vicky P. (473)
Friday June 21, 2013, 11:36 am
interesting
 

Jamie Clemons (282)
Friday June 21, 2013, 1:36 pm
OMG your eating those poor vegies alive that is totally inhumane.
 

Jamie Clemons (282)
Friday June 21, 2013, 1:38 pm
You can't fool mother nature.
 

Birgit W. (157)
Friday June 21, 2013, 7:27 pm
I wished scientists would take their hands off from our food.
 

Natasha Salgado (609)
Friday June 21, 2013, 10:52 pm
Interesting stuff...not surprised. Thx Michael
 

Julie W. (27)
Saturday June 22, 2013, 2:54 am
Interesting - but i'm not sure how I can actually use this information.
 

Andre Yokers (6)
Saturday June 22, 2013, 6:28 am
This is good news!
 

Past Member (0)
Tuesday June 25, 2013, 5:44 am
Thank god I turn the lights on when I cook. They think it's day. Ok Julie, don't leave the vegetables in the fridge (the light really does go out and it looks like night). At least take them out the day you will cook them, they will do their stuff, and then you eat them.
 
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