95% of Arizona Condors Poisoned By Lead

The Center for Biological Diversity and allies are preparing to sue the U.S. Forest Service for failing to protect Arizona’s endangered California condors from lead poisoning. A shocking 95 percent of the birds are affected by lead poisoning in Arizona and it’s their leading cause of death. When these sensitive, broad-winged birds scavenge carcasses shot with lead bullets that are left behind by hunters, they ingest the toxin, too — which enters their bloodstream and can cause painful death.

Officials in California — after many years of work by the Center for Biological Diversity and allies — mandated the use of nonlead ammunition in the state’s condor range. Unfortunately, in Arizona, lead bullets are still allowed to be used in the Kaibab National Forest, the home of the Arizona condor population.

“At a time when other agencies are stepping up efforts to get toxic lead out of the food chain, the U.S. Forest Service continues to bury its head in the sand, refusing to exercise its authority to protect wildlife on its lands and prevent the needless lead poisoning of Arizona’s condors,” said Jay Lininger, a conservation advocate with the Center. “If we want condors to survive, we must stop using ammunition that contaminates their food supply with toxic lead, especially on our national forests.”

These amazing birds, whose wings can span 10 feet and can live up to 60 years, were once so endangered that by the mid-1980s only 22 were left in the world. The Endangered Species Act brought them back from the brink. Still, with only about 400 condors in the wild and in breeding programs, the birds continue to need our help.

Condors were first reintroduced to the Vermilion Cliffs near the Arizona-Utah border in 1996 and were classified as an “experimental nonessential population.” Now more than 60 condors fly freely throughout the region, including the Kaibab National Forest, Grand Canyon National Park and lands in Utah and Nevada.

Since condors have been released in Arizona, at least 12 or 14 have died of lead poisoning, making such poisoning the bird’s leading cause of death. Scientists agree that lead ammunition used in hunting is the primary, if not the sole, source of the lead poisoning of condors, which often feed on carcasses and gut piles of game. Increasing numbers of wild condors must periodically receive emergency lifesaving treatment for lead poisoning. In 2006, 95 percent of all Arizona condors had lead exposure, and 70 percent of the Arizona population was treated. Condor experts have concluded that as long as lead ammunition is used in the condor range, recovery of the species is unlikely.

Check out the Center’s lawsuit press release and read about condors’ population boost in the Oregonian. Then learn about saving condors and take action to defend them from the National Rifle Association.

Photo of California Condor at the Grand Canyon courtesy of Flickr Commons/ag2k3


Yulan Lawson
Yulan Lawson4 years ago

Very sad, we have to make some major changes.

Lynn D.
Lynn D5 years ago

So sad, thanks for letting us know!

Carrie Anne Brown

signed already but thanks for sharing :)

Valentina R.
Valentina R5 years ago

Awful! Why isn't Arizona doing something about it?

nicola w.
Jane H5 years ago

There seems to be nothing we can do to stop the defectives hunting and enjoying killing - lets tax it higher , remove the lead and make them pay more for being cruel bastards that cause so much "collateral damage "

Ransom S.
Ransom S.5 years ago

Arm the condors!

Carolyn SmithSmith
Cally Smith5 years ago

How sad and very shameful. This must be stopped before the Condors are gone.

Bartley Deason
Bartley Deason5 years ago

To Pamela H. and HELENE D.
You are both so right.

"We refuse to recognize that we are a species that perfectly fits the definition of a disease, freeing itself (very temporarily) from the constraints of natural selection and the limitations of natural resources only to wreak havoc on ourselves and our fellow species in a massive assault on the host that we parasitize – the PLANET!" - John Glad

Dorothy R.
Dorothy R5 years ago

After all the work to save this species, now it is dying because people like to shoot stuff, to kill anything for sport. What a sad comment on humanity.

Mark T.
Mark T.5 years ago

There are effective and affordable alternatives to lead shot. Studies have demonstrated that steel shot, the most commonly available alternative and the least expensive, is equally effective for hunting. Banning lead bullets is a no-brainer, but yeah, we're talking about Arizona here.