California Mountain Lions Will No Longer Be Killed Automatically for Preying on Domestic Animals

Although it’s illegal to hunt them in California, until recently any resident whose livestock or pets were killed by a mountain lion could automatically get a permit from the state Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) to kill the big cat.

The CDFW issues an average of around 220 depredation permits each year throughout the state, although fewer than half of those who’ve received them have killed mountain lions.

But the CDFW has now changed its policy so the animal owners in Southern California’s Santa Monica and Santa Ana mountain ranges will have to make at least two attempts to keep mountain lions away using nonlethal methods before they’re issued permits allowing them to take lethal action.

“We believe we’ve struck a balance that takes into account the various attitudes regarding lions in the state, including the health of these sensitive populations,” Jordan Traverso, a spokesman for the CDFW, told the Sacramento Bee.

This is good news for mountain lions who make their homes in the Santa Monica and Santa Ana mountain ranges, where survival is already a struggle. These mountain lions could become extinct in 50 years, a 2016 study warned.

Urban sprawl and busy freeways make it difficult for them to leave their limited territory, which has resulted in inbreeding and its related health problems. Another danger is ingesting deadly rat poison, which happens when a mountain lion eats a poisoned animal.

In many cases, the lives of livestock and pets can be saved by taking measures like building impenetrable enclosures for them. Still, over 25 percent of the mountain lions living in the Santa Ana ranges were killed by people with depredation permits during a 13-year period.

The permit policy change was inspired by the 2016 case of P-45, a famous male mountain lion who killed several alpacas and goats in the Santa Monica Mountains. The animal owners – many of whom were left their animals outdoors in open pens, where they were easy targets for P-45 – wanted the mountain lion to be killed.

Biologists and animal welfare advocates – including 23,000 Care2 members who signed a petition — successfully pleaded for P-45′s life to be spared, since he was just doing what came naturally and most, importantly, because the male cat adds desperately needed genetic diversity.

Thanks to depredation permit policy change, P-45 and other Southern California mountain lions will be spared from an automatic death sentence. It only applies to a limited area for now, but animal welfare advocates are hoping the CDFW will expand it throughout the state.

“The new policy, based on the most recent biological and scientific information, is a significant step forward as we continue to learn how to peacefully coexist with our mountain lions in an ever-changing environment,” said Assemblymember Richard Bloom, who introduced legislation last year calling for more flexibility in how California deals with protected wildlife that may pose a danger to livestock.

In more good news for Southern California mountain lions, most of the funds have been raised to build a wildlife bridge across the 101 Freeway so they can safely leave their territory. Please sign and share this petition urging the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) to start building this bridge ASAP.

Photo credit: CorrinaSt


Angela K
Angela K15 hours ago

Petition already signed & shared

Ramesh B
Ramesh B16 hours ago

Thank you

Carole R
Carole Ryesterday

Good move.

Dr. Jan H
Dr. Jan Hillyesterday

Thank you!

Winn A
Winn Ayesterday


Angelika K
Angelika Kyesterday

Thank you-all signed-

Cathy B
Cathy Byesterday

Petition signed. Thank you.

Sherri S
Sherri Syesterday

People with livestock need to take common sense precautions to protect them. It is not the mountain lions fault for killing the livestock, it is the stupid humans! Besides, I'm sure the humans are just going to the the livestock mredered anyway....the mountain lion killing the stock just hits the ranchers in the wallet!

Mark Donner
Mark Donner1 days ago

Somebody needs to shut down USDA "wildlife services" ASAP and imprison everyone who works in that criminal evil place.

Clare O'Beara
Clare O1 days ago

look after lions