Children Beheaded as Violence Engulfs the Central African Republic

Two children have been beheaded and another mutilated in the Central African Republic (CAR), according to a report from UNICEF. At least 16 children have been killed since December 5 in Bangui, the country’s capital, and more and more are being recruited into armed groups.

In March, the Muslim Seleka rebel alliance seized power and then-President Francois Bozize, who was from the country’s majority Christian population, fled. The CAR is now ruled by Michel Djotodia, who is Muslim and an ex-rebel leader. In the past few months, the CAR has “disintegrated into banditry, score-settling and horrific brutality,” with violence occurring increasingly along religious lines. Many Muslim fighters are thought to be allied to the Seleka; Christian fighters belong to “anti-Balaka” forces, “balaka” being the word for “machete” in the local Sango language.

In December alone, 1,000 people have been killed in clashes and 370,000 people, nearly half of Bangui’s population, have been displaced just in the past three weeks.

Throughout the CAR, about 1 in 10 people have fled their homes as armed men from the rival groups “trawl many areas looting, killing, burning crops and homes,” according to the BBC. Some 100,000 people are now living in a makeshift camp near the Bangui airport, where they have been struggling to find enough to eat.

Children Are Being Targeted

Amid all this, the violence and cruelty towards children still stand out. At least 60 children have been wounded and, last month, the United Nations said that the number of children recruited into armed forces has risen to 6,000. Most schools and hospitals outside Bangui have been looted and are no longer functional.

Souleymane Diabate, UNICEF Representative to the CAR, said in a news release that “targeted attacks against children are a violation of international humanitarian and human rights law and must stop immediately. Concrete action is needed now to prevent violence against children.”

International medical charity Doctors Without Borders has continued to operate its Community Hospital in the country. 15 to 20 people, many with machete wounds, are being brought into the hospital daily. Three armed men came into the hospital on Christmas Day and threatened the safety of patients.

A History of Instability and Violence in a Country Rich in Resources

Since gaining independence from France in 1960, the CAR has experienced several coups, mutinies and rebellions and been ruled by a “notorious period under a self-declared emperor, Jean-Bedel Bokassa.” The country, which has a population of 4.6 million and is bigger than Spain and Portugal combined, is one of the least developed in the world.

While the current fighting is between Christian and Muslim groups, Christians and Muslims (who comprise 10 to 15 percent of the population) have actually “long lived in peace,” says Al Jazeera. The real source of the current clashes is a “political battle for control of resources,” which the CAR has in abundance. The country is rich in diamonds, timber, gold and oil, as well as water and mineral resources, virgin rainforests and “some of the highest densities of lowland gorillas and forest elephants in Africa.”

“Nature scattered diamonds liberally over the CAR” but, from colonial times up until today, “foreign entrepreneurs and grasping regimes have benefited from the precious stones” more than the people of the CAR.

Many foreign governments have been evacuating their citizens from the CAR. The African Union has sent almost 4,000 troops to the country; France has also deployed 1,600 soldiers there. Fears are rising that the fighting in the CAR could spread to neighboring countries including the Democratic Republic of Congo to the south and Sudan and South Sudan to the east. Chad, one of the world’s poorest and most corrupt countries, is also nearby.

Unicef itself is increasing its relief efforts in the CAR. Its representative Diabate also says that armed elements are “accountable for taking specific measures to provide” crucial protection to young persons. These include the immediate release of children associated with armed forces and groups, the prohibition of attacks against health and education personnel and allowing safe, unhindered passage of impartial humanitarian assistance.

As Unicef’s report about the brutalities against children in the CAR makes too clear, not only is the need for safe water and medical facilities isparamount, but also safe spaces for the most vulnerable: children.

Photo via Wikimedia Commons


Jim Ven
Jim V1 years ago

thanks for the article.

Marianna B Molnar Woods


Donna Ferguson
Donna F4 years ago

failed states due to instability lead to these horrible, horrible things. shocking. I pray that starting this year, the world situations will get better. I can only pray

Bella M.
Bella M4 years ago

Atrocious...this is sickening my heart break for all those poor innocents children ....

Michael Lee
Michael Lee4 years ago

For anyone who has read the late Christopher Hitchen's book: "God is not Great" it is not too difficult to understand the root cause of so much death and destruction in Africa and the Middle East. Poverty, ignorance and religion make a potent mix as can be seen in the escalating violence in these regions. Let's not also forget greed either!
More the fifty years have passed since the colonial powers started withdrawing from Africa. What followed has been a never ending litany of conflict, coup d'etat after coup d'etat, corrupt dictators,failed states, famines, billions of dollars in aid disappearing into the ruling authorities' bank accounts etc., etc.
South Africa, which celebrates twenty years of democratic rule this year, now faces an election year with the current President saying the ANC will rule forever (previously it was until Jesus "comes" again!). Four wives, twenty-two children and a $20 Million retirement home....
incompetent and probably corrupt as well.
Then there's "Mad Bob" north of the Limpopo who single handedly destroyed the economy and currency of a country with so much potential which was a net exporter of food and now has to import maize to relieve famine while he lives like so many other African demagogues!

Melania Padilla
Melania Padilla4 years ago

Wow... The human race does not only targets other species (so many other!!), but its own... Is there any hope? Mmmmm

Manuela C.
Manuela C4 years ago

Awful news...

Charlene Rush
Charlene Rush4 years ago

There is no hope for any nation, that would behead children, period.

Jonathan Harper
Jonathan Harper4 years ago

not good

Robert O.
Robert O4 years ago

That's positively horrible and really shows how out of control things are there!