Americans Are Still Bad Eaters: Not Enough of the Good Stuff

Americans still don’t eat well at all.  After a decade of cajoling Americans to eat their apples and carrots, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) admitted that their efforts haven’t made a dent in U.S.  eating habits.

The CDC recently reported that Americans aren’t eating the recommended two servings of fruit and three servings of vegetables a day — in fact, since 2000 the amount of vegetables we eat has stayed level and amount of fruit we eat has gone down. Though the initiative this study was measuring, Healthy People 2010, set goals that weren’t hard to meet, results fell well below their modest targets.

Efforts that failed
Healthy People 2010 was aiming to see 75% of Americans over two years old eating two or more servings of fruit a day, and 50% of Americans over two eating three or more servings of vegetables a day. In their recent analysis of all 50 states and the District of Columbia, the CDC found that only about a third of adults were eating their recommended servings of fruit, and just over a quarter of adults were eating their recommended servings of vegetables.

Given the disheartening results of the survey, many of the news stories on the CDC’s report seem purely frustrated. “Do we have to remind you of the health benefits of better eating, including more fruit and vegetables?” NPR asks in apparent exasperation. It does seem like “5 a day” posters are hanging in every cafeteria, and by now everyone knows carrots are a healthier choice than Pringles and oranges are healthier than popsicles. Obviously, if we want to work toward the CDC’s modest goals for fruit and vegetable consumption, we need different strategies than reminding.

Why don’t we listen?
There are many reasons Americans don’t eat produce, including aggressive marketing of unhealthy, processed foods and the fact that human beings may be evolutionarily hard-wired to crave fats, sugars, and other unhealthy but oh-so-delicious treats. However, there are a few more reasons that I think reflect broad societal issues we can attack head-on.

*Fruits and vegetables are expensive. Sure, a bag of potatoes is cheaper and goes farther than a bag of potato chips, but the single red pepper I bought at my relatively cheap neighborhood grocery store yesterday was $3.99. Looking beyond anecdote, Boston Medical Center and Drexel University have worked together to track food prices in low-income neighborhoods in Boston and Philadelphia. Their revealing 2008 report “The Real Cost of a Healthy Diet”(pdf) shows how unobtainable healthy foods like fruits and vegetables are for low-income families shopping at stores of any size.

*It’s hard to find produce in “food deserts.” From my Somerville apartment, I’m within a two-minute walk of a grocery store full of produce that’s not top of the line but is plentiful and varied — I can get fresh cilantro, five different kinds of onions, local organic apples, plantains, and bushels of other produce. During the summer, there are three or four farmers’ markets within a twenty-minute walk. But just a few miles away in the heart of Boston, there are blocks and blocks and blocks without grocery stores, where bodegas and corner stores hold waxy oranges, wilted iceberg lettuce and overripe bananas. Food deserts can be found everywhere, in cities like Chicago, Los Angeles, Birmingham, and Detroit, and in rural areas of states like Mississippi, Ohio, and Minnesota. In all too many American neighborhoods, appealing produce — let alone local, organic, sustainably grown produce — is physically and economically out of reach.

*Many fruits and vegetables — especially vegetables — need to be cooked. Grabbing a pear or banana for instant eating is easy, but some of the healthiest produce around takes time, energy, and skill to make into a meal. Sweet potatoes, kale, and beets can be delectable — but making them into appealing dishes isn’t an intuitive process, it has to be learned and practiced.

Instead of throwing up our hands at the results of this study, or concluding that Americans are just determined to hate spinach no matter how much they’re told about Vitamin A, we need to come up with innovative ways to make fruits and vegetables accessible and exciting. Fortunately, it seems that this lesson is starting to sink in at the CDC.

Possible answers
The editorial section of their report says that while they’re disappointed in their results, they’ll now be working on improving “access, availability, and affordability of fruits and vegetables.” In the past year, the CDC has begun supporting community-based projects like urban gardens, farmers’ markets, and farm-to-school programs. With projects like these, there’s the potential to transform communities as well as individuals’ eating habits. (In the next few days I’ll be writing about initiatives that increase real food access in more detail.)

The results of the last decade were far, far less than stellar. Still, if we address both the personal and environmental reasons Americans aren’t eating produce there’s definitely reason to hope grapes, eggplants, and green beans will gain new places of honor in American kitchens and lunchboxes.

Photo from mckaysavage's flickr, under Creative Common license.


Jim Ven
Jim Ven2 years ago

thanks for sharing.

Priscilla G.
Priscilla G8 years ago

It is healthier and cheaper to cook from scratch than buy processed foods.

Jay Evas
Jay Evas8 years ago

it's not just americans, canadians are fat and lazy too. our food has more salt in it as well. it's not education that would make a difference that's just foolish. it's guilt that would work, people are just too damn lazy to cook anymore that the bottom line.

Jason H.
Jason H.8 years ago

I tried going to the Piggly Wiggly, located in the poor neighborhood. The produce section was almost nonexistent. I looked for lettuce, and ended up having to settle for romaine, which is not exactly premium; it just has nutritional content, unlike that watery cardboard called iceberg. I got it to the checkout -- my checker did not know what it was, and when his coworker told him, he commented, "nothing I could afford." And in the bread aisle, although there were six or seven brands to choose from, there was only one kind: white. Might as well eat Play-Doh. Made me appreciate my ability to afford Kroger. But what good is that to the folks stuck in that poor neighborhood, going to Piggly Wiggly?

Roxana Jimenez
Roxana J8 years ago

Our Next generations need to learn to eat healty, it our responsability to teach them how.... Parents, schools need to take actions!

Kate White
Kate White8 years ago

I think that this article is very interesting. I’m a freshman in college and as a child I went to the health center for school and listened to the spiels about leading a healthy life style. But I honestly couldn’t tell you how many recommended fruits and vegetables I needed per day. I really don’t focus on hitting a specific goal for my fruit intake. I just try to eat healthily and balance my plate. I take the moderation route. To think that I need 2 fruits and 3 veggies daily seems crazy! I’m not that small of a girl, but I honestly don’t eat that much every day. I have two full meals, with a side or two for each. Also, it’s difficult to find so many different fruits and vegetables. When I was at home, we didn’t buy that many fresh things because we didn’t want to buy it and have it go bad. It’s difficult to eat healthily.

Jane R.
Jane R8 years ago

Sorry to say I eat a very unhealthy diet. Lots of chips, frozen pot pies, frozen pizza etc. I don't eat fruit except on rare occasions. I don't eat many veggies either. Why? Because I live alone & got out of the habit of cooking a few years ago. If someone cooked healthy foods for me I'd eat them. I just don't like cooking for one.

Thomas N.
Thomas N.8 years ago

human beings may be evolutionarily hard-wired to crave fats, sugars, and other unhealthy but oh-so-delicious treats
I love this quote right here. Really a lot of people are just too weak to try and do things that are good for them. Some people actually cringe at the thought of eating "healthy" food, but honestly lots of fruits and vegetables are so much better then the processed crap some people stuff their faces with.

Vera Y.
Vera Yuno8 years ago

When I lived in U.S. it amazed me how poorly green products people ate!!! i think the overwheight has too much to do with the greasy and unhealthy meals american ppl eat.

Carole H.
Carole Hagen8 years ago