Homicide Rate Highest in Honduras, El Salvador, Ivory Coast

The United Nations just released a Global Study on Homicide. According to the study, “young men, particularly in Central and South America, the Caribbean, and southern and central Africa, are at most risk from intentional homicide.” In particular, the raw data shows that the homicide rate is highest in Honduras, El Salvador, Ivory Coast, Jamaica and Venezuela. In terms of sheer numbers, Brazil, India, Mexico and Ethiopia account for just over 1/4 of the world’s homicides.

Worldwide, the homicide rate is 6.9 homicides per 100,000 people and there were 468,000 homicides around the world in 2010. The highest homicide rates in the world are in the following countries:

  • Honduras (82.1 per 100,000)
  • El Salvador (66)
  • Ivory Coast (56.9)
  • Jamaica (52.1)
  • Venezuela (49)
  • Belize (41.7)
  • Guatemala (41.4)
  • United States Virgin Islands (39.2)
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis (38.2)
  • Zambia (38)

The homicide rate in the United States was 5, in Canada it was 1.8 and in both the United Kingdom and Australia it was 1.2. There were two countries worldwide that reported no homicides in the last year: Monaco and Palau.

The use of firearms and lack of gun control is an escalating problem in regions with rapidly increasing homicide rates. According to the UN:

There is evidence of rising homicide rates in Central America and the Caribbean, which are “near crisis point”, according to the Study. Firearms are behind rising murder rates in those two regions, where almost three quarters of all homicides are committed with guns, compared to 21 per cent in Europe.

The UN blames organized crime, in particular drug-trafficking, for about one quarter of homicides by firearm. The UN stresses the need for countries to ratify and implement the Firearms Protocol.  In Honduras, for example, 83% of homicides are by firearm. In the United States, 60% of homicides are by firearm, whereas in countries with stricter gun control, it is much lower. Examples include Canada (32%), Germany (26.3%) and the United Kingdom (6.6%).

According to the UN, chronic crime is both a result and significant cause of poverty, insecurity and lack of development.

Countries with wide income disparities are 4 times more likely to be afflicted by violent crime than more equitable societies, it says. Conversely, economic growth seems to stem that tide, as the past 15 years in South America have shown.

For young people in countries with wide income disparities, the prospects are not good. Young people are driven to crime and violence, and their life expectancy is significantly decreased. Unless something is done to address the roots of violence and the violence itself, the pattern of escalating violence is likely to continue.

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30 Years of HIV

Honduras 6,239 82.1 2010
El Salvador 4,085 66 2010
Cote d’Ivoire 10,801 56.9 2008
Jamaica 1,428 52.1 2010
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 13,985 49 2009
Belize 130 41.7 2010
Guatemala 5,960 41.4 2010
United States Virgin Islands 43 39.2 2007
Saint Kitts and Nevis 20 38.2 2010
Zambia 4,710 38 2008

Photo credit: polandeze on flickr


Sal P.
Sal P7 years ago

Arm the Palestinians, they will have freedom and democracy sooner than expected!

Mark Lussky

If the UN is correct that homicide rates are directly proportionate to wide income disparity, then progressive tax rates ("soaking the rich") should lead to decreased homicide rates.

Penny C.
Penny C7 years ago

Not sure about ya'll, but I'm with Ghandi, Orwell, and The Dalai Lama when it comes to guns and gun control.

Penny C.
Penny C7 years ago

"The most foolish mistake we could possibly make would be to allow the subject races to possess arms. History shows that all conquerors who have allowed the subject races to carry arms have prepared their own downfall by so doing. Indeed, I would go so far as to say that the supply of arms to the underdogs is a sine qua non for the overthrow of any sovereignty." -- Adolf Hitler

"A system of licensing and registration is the perfect device to deny gun ownership to the bourgeoisie." -- Vladimir Ilyich Lenin

"Gun control? It's the best thing you can do for crooks and gangsters. I want you to have nothing. If I'm a bad guy, I'm always gonna have a gun. Safety locks? You'll pull the trigger with a lock on, and I'll pull the trigger. We'll see who wins." -- Sammy "The Bull" Gravano, Mafia hit man

"That rifle on the wall of the labourer's cottage or working class flat is the symbol of democracy. It is our job to see that it stays there." -- George Orwell

"Among the many misdeeds of the British rule in India, history will look upon the Act depriving a whole nation of arms, as the blackest." -- Mahatma Gandhi

"If someone has a gun and is trying to kill you, it would be reasonable to shoot back with your own gun." -- The Dalai Lama

"The supposed quietude of a good man allures the ruffian; while on the other hand, arms, like laws, discourage and keep the invader and the plunderer in awe, and preserve order in the world as well as property. The same balance would be pre

Robby C.
Past Member 7 years ago

Can we not get the character counter back? It's ok- I left out a quote or two I;'d like to have included anyway... But to finish my last post:

A fear of weapons is a sign of retarded sexual & emotional maturity.
Sigmund Freud

With guns, we are citizens. Without guns, we are subjects.

...if you have a purse, take it, and also a bag; and if you don't have a sword, sell your cloak & buy one.
Jesus (Luke 22:36)

When a strong man, fully armed, gaurds his palace, his possessions are safe.
Jesus (Luke 11:21)

Sorry for so many posts on this topic, but the UN is really pushing this anti-gun propaganda & people need to know the truth.

Penny C.
Penny C7 years ago

Gun ownership at an all time high in the US, violent crime at an all time low. More guns = less violent crime :D

Robby C.
Past Member 7 years ago

The liberal media does everything in it's power to scapegoat law abiding gun owners.

Most gun use in the US is target shooting & self defense- most of those situations end w/out a single shot fired but the liberal media rarely reports! But the UN is just dying to get control of our guns- why do they want them SO badly? Why do we have a president(?), sec of state(?), & att gen(?) so willing to shred our constitution & give control to the UN? David mentioned Operation Fast & Furious & Project Gun Runner, etc. Read up on that stuff- you NEED to know about this!

The urge to save humanity is almost always a false front for the urge to rule.
HL Mencken

The most foolish mistake we could make would be to allow the subject races to carry arms. History shows that all conquerers who have allowed their subject races to carry arms have prepared their own downfall by doing so.
Adolf Hitler

No free man shall ever be debarred the use of arms.
Thomas Jefferson

B/t 1 million & 2 million crimes are prevented each year after an intended victim brandishes a firearm, causing the perp to develop a sudden & uncontrollable urge to be elsewhere as quickly as possible! No shots fired, nobody injured- just another crime statistic that didn't happen. And polls w/in the prison population asking which they feared more- the police or a highly agitated & armed citizen- the armed citizen wins hands down.

A fear of weapons is a sign of retarded sex

Robby C.
Past Member 7 years ago

David A- again, thank you sir, for your well-spoken, factual, sensible posts. It takes time to type such posts up. It is appreciated & I hope people listen to you.

This is an issue w/me- as David said, "the only times in history these things (peace & love) have happened was when violating them was inherently dangerous to the violator." I wholly believe in equality among sexes & races, etc. I've dated a few girls in my life who'd been previously raped, so I know a little about how it affects victims. One of these girls, several years after I dated her, was attacked again. Had she not shot her attacker in the face, she'd have been a 2nd time victim.

Keeping guns legal & relatively affordable is only fair. As it stands, it's becoming so only the richest can afford them. Think about that.

Criminals will always find ways to have guns- buy from corrupt cops, make them, etc. Yes, guns are made by people & can always be. Kids in HS make potato launchers. Prisoners make guns from fountain pens. The poorest of nation's people make guns from anything-Google "home made gun pics." In DC (strict gun-nazi area) a large percentage of confiscated guns are home made.

US gun homicide stats are GREATLY exxagerated! FEW are killed by guns, relative to other things, even when counting gun suicides, which shouldn't be included. Many gun reported homicides are cop related- mostly self-defense & not fair to use as typical "guns are baaahhhaaad" propaganda . The l

Terry King
Terry King7 years ago

If Oakland was a country we would definitely be in the top ten. Credit Mexican drug gangs!

David Anderson
David Anderson7 years ago

Valerie B.
3:47am PDT on Oct 9, 2011
it is terrible and very sad this world. I want to dream about the world of tolerance, peace and love

Valerie, I agree with your sentiment, but the only times in history these thing have happened was when violating them was inherently dangerous to the violator.

We presently have our liberties because we made such niceties as taxation without representation inherently dangerous to the British. So long as the worst the majority of the criminals need fear is having people on the news decrying the state of affairs, nothing is going to get better. I would further pint out that making more laws to put burdens on those who follow them is inherently nonsensical as criminals, by definition, disregard the law. This is why gun control does not and cannot work. The things being done are already illegal, and more feel-good laws won't stop that.

There are only two ways to stop this problem. We can either eliminate the drug cartel personnel from the face of the planet or put them in prison for good WITH ABSOLUTELY NO CONTACT WITH THE OUTSIDE WORLD so that they cannot continue to supervise and direct their operations from within the prison as they typically do now. I suppose that we could roll the dice and legalize all presently illegal substances and see how that works out, but no cash bets here on that eliminating the organized crime infrastructure that is already in place.