New Shocking ‘Stand Your Ground’ Case, But Florida Unlikely To Revisit Law

A new decision under Florida’s ‘Stand Your Ground’ law has thrown more light on the controversy surrounding how it is being used.

A judge appointed by former Florida Republican Governor Charlie Crist used the law to rule that a bag of stolen car radios — swung during a confrontation — amounted to a lethal threat.

Last week, Miami-Dade Circuit Judge Beth Bloom used the law to dismiss a murder charge against a man who chased down a thief and stabbed him to death.

Greyston Garcia had pursued Pedro Roteta for more than a block before stabbing him on January 25. When Garcia caught up with him, Roteta swung the bag and as Garcia blocked the bag with his arm, he stabbed Roteta with a single, fatal knife thrust to the chest.

Garcia had claimed that Roteta had a screwdriver in his hand. Garcia’s defense attorney also said Roteta had an open pocket knife in his hand during the chase. However, police found a folded-up knife in the dead man’s pocket.

Bloom wrote that a “medical examiner conceded that a 4-6 pound bag of metal being swung at one’s head would lead to serious bodily injury or death.”

She said that although the confrontation was captured on video surveillance, the images were too grainy to clearly tell what happened.

Garcia did not call police or 911, but went home and fell asleep. He later sold two of the car radios and hid the knife.

He initially denied involvement to police until the video surveillance was shown to him.

The peculiarities of ‘Stand Your Ground’ law means that a self-defense claim means a judge alone can stop such a case coming to trial.

Prosecutors were stunned by the judge’s ruling. So was Miami police Sgt. Ervens Ford, who headed up the homicide investigation. He told The Herald’s David Ovalle that Judge Bloom’s decision was a “travesty of justice.”

Miami-Dade Chief Assistant State Attorney Kathleen Hoague said her office would appeal the decision because “we feel the judge abused her discretion.”

“The law does not allow for you to use deadly force to retrieve your property. She, in effect, is saying that it’s appropriate to chase someone down with a knife to get property back,” said Hoague, who stressed that a jury should weigh the merits of the case.

Despite this judge’s decision, Rep. Dennis Baxley, who sponsored ‘Stand Your Ground’ in 2005, claims that “there’s nothing in the statute that provides for any kind of aggressive action, in terms of pursuit and confront.”

Other ‘travesties of justice’

In an Editorial — “Revoke this license to kill” — the Miami Herald argues for the repeal of the law. They say:

The law is poorly understood, unevenly applied throughout the state and, worst of all, has become a license to kill under a variety of suspect circumstances.

Fred Grimm in the Herald catalogs other cases in Florida he calls ‘travesties of justice.’

In 2009, a drug deal gone wrong led to a dangerous car chase through Miami streets. Anthony Gonzalez Jr., aka “White Boy,” shot the driver of the car he was pursuing but the case never went to trial. Gonzalez was deemed acting under the permissive parameters of the ‘Stand Your Ground’ doctrine.

A former Broward County deputy sheriff who pumped four rounds into an aggressive panhandler outside a Miami Lakes ice cream parlor saw no charges.

Nour Badi Jarkas, who had shot his estranged wife’s boyfriend four times inside her house in 2009, was also let off, with the judge saying that, “nothing was presented … to rebut the reasonableness of the fear that [Jarkas] testified that he had.”

Two workers wearing blue shirts and pith helmets were shot at as they went to switch off a mobile home owner’s electricity. The Judge “following the dictates of Stand Your Ground,” decided that the shooter’s claim that he feared for his life was not unreasonable. Two counts of armed assault and one count of improper exhibition of a firearm were dismissed.

The Stand Your Ground law was passed in 2005 based on just one case, that of 77-year-old James Workman who shot and killed an intruder in his hurricane-ravaged home.

He was never charged because of the existing legal concept known as the “Castle Doctrine.” However, the NRA used the case to push for a new law which dramatically expanded the right to use deadly force almost anywhere a person feels ‘reasonably threatened.’

The Legislature offered no evidence of Floridians being wrongly charged or convicted after legally exercising their right to self-defense.

Since its passage, reports of justifiable homicides have tripled, according to the Florida Department of Law Enforcement. Defenders of the law have claimed it has led to a dramatic drop in violent crime, but Politifact has found that there is no evidence linking the two.

Versions of the law are now in place in 25 states. Self-defense killings have nearly doubled during the last decade.

Some Florida lawmakers are pushing for the law to be at least ‘clarified.’ Governor Rick Scott has said there will be public hearings, however, as Republicans in the state legislature are resisting any debate there. Florida Democratic Party Chair, Rod Smith, who cosponsored the bill as a state senator in 2005, is also still backing the law.

Marc Caputo writing in the Herald weighed the chances of any change:

Chances state lawmakers will strike the deadly force law from the books: Nil.

Chances it will be amended: Slight.

Chances the NRA will get to boast of a win: High.

Related stories:

Screaming On 911 Tape NOT Zimmerman

Justice For Trayvon: Repeal “Stand Your Ground” Laws In All 25 States

Christians Passing Un-Christian Laws, Says GOP Strategist

Picture by Seattle.roamer


Martha Eberle
Martha Eberle5 years ago

These laws are meant for trouble. Anytime you have a law which allows people to be policemen on their own, it opens the gate for insecure or criminal or busybody people to get their way. I think it's horrendous that governments pass laws like this. Seems so many live their lives in fear. I won't live that way.

Nicole Pauline Sedkowski
Nicole Sedkowski5 years ago

That is just SO WRONG!

Gabriella Bertelmann
G Bertelmann5 years ago

too many signs that this does not apply here. Stop protecting police errors and failures

Diana Roth
Diana Roth5 years ago

The use of this act is shameful. I am sorry I have to live in Florida.

Carlos B.
Carlos Bagram5 years ago

Taking Julian A. comments and translating theme –
But I have to be an opportunistic race agitator. I mean I know that the only way of doing it is by waiting for something like this to happen and call people racist. Ok, so some here have not even touched race, but I have to throw that in to make me look as if I were intelligent and above all. In order to label anyone here a racist I have to constantly insult them and constantly belittle their intelligence as if I had any right to claim mine is superior. If anyone here comes out and says anything against my opinion I must follow the appropriate Socialist/Communist Doctrine: A) Insult them quickly for having the nerve to actually form an opinion different from my own, and B) Call them a racist any way I can so it can somehow discredit anything they have to say. Freedom of Speech is over rated and so are Constitutional Rights, any law that re-enforces the Constitution has to be labeled dumb and racist. Anyone who practices his Constitutional Rights must be labeled a Dangerous nut job and hateful. I am not going to be happy until the US flag eliminates all 50 of those bothersome stars and replaces them with a Hammer & Sickle. Let’s get with the times Comrades!

Julian Adler
Julian A5 years ago

By the way, has anyone taken notice of Carlos B's picture? He probably thinks it's funny, but unconsciously it actually says a lot about his violent, id - like nature. Just read what he says about me and other decent people on this site in this last comment of his......
"Julian A? You are not even worthy to be compared with the dog poop on the streets! You racist scum bag! And the rest of you on all the other post who claimed I was what is wrong with America and should die to make this world a better place. This forum is a tool utilized by scum like you who want to silence any opinion oppossed to your distrorted views! And it is jammed pack full of individuals like you"
Well, that's a whole lot of psychological projection on his part. I wasn't going to say this, but with that kind of venomous projected racial hatred and delusions of persecution, I have to wonder if he didn't somehow invite his victimization in New York - 'cause there are a lot of guys in New York City that would take him down in a flash with his attitude. It's a shame, because I sense a frightened little boy beneath all the bravado and hate.

Julian Adler
Julian A5 years ago

continued from previous post about Carlos
Just a slight clarification. His referring to chasing down and shooting the pedophile was his dumb hypothetical example, but in case you haven't read his silly little analysis, I just wanted to explain what I was referring to.

Julian Adler
Julian A5 years ago

continued from previous comment about Carlos B
He then refers to chasing and shooting a known pedophile who just kidnapped a little girl," start reading his obituary right now , boys and girls".This is the way immature amateurs talk. Absolutely no concern for shooting any innocent bystanders or holding him for the police. Oh no, The Incredible Hulk's gonna take the law into his own hands, boys and girls.This guy's clearly dangerous walking around with a concealed weapon and spewing such venomous unfounded hatred. Any accusations I've made I've backed up with facts. Just read the comments and you'll have a good understanding of where this cowardly,totally ignorant punk is coming from. He spews a lot of crap but he doesn't have a damn clue what the facts are or what the Trayvon Martin case is about. He doesn't tell you on this site, but he was victimized when he lived in New York. And now, he's Mr. Macho packing concealed heat in Fla. He's a two bit punk hiding behind the barrel of a gun which he now thinks gives him a much bigger male organ and he's clearly a potential danger to society with his reckless,phony macho mind set. I'm only commenting on this for everybody else who may not know what he's talking about. I couldn't give a damn what he thinks about anything.

John Kramer
John Kramer5 years ago

I am a gun control opponent. I oppose all kinds of gun control laws. People should be allowed to use guns for self defense purposes only. People should be allowed to use guns when they are threatened or attacked. People should be allowed to use guns when they know they are in any kind of danger. States should not pass laws to prohibit people from using guns in self defense.
Guns should not be allowed to be used in anger, to hurt people or to seek revenge. People should not be allowed to act as thier oun judge, jury and executioner with guns. George Zimmermin was not in any kind of danger. He acted as his oun judge, jury and executioner with the fire arms. There was a lot of police misconduct involved. The Sanford Police Department wrote false police reports. there was a lot of police cover up. The Sanford police department dug up dirt on Trayvon Martin. He had no criminal record at all. People like George Zimmermin did not have a right to shoot to kill Trayvon Martin. That is unacceptable.

Julian Adler
Julian A5 years ago

Carlos B is so incredibly stupid and obscenely insulting, that he doesn't deserve a direct reply. He's misleading people again in many ways, but this ignorant punk is not worth my time explaining why. But I'll just say this. He's completely miscaracterizing the NBC mistake and it's
importance. There were other tapes and other evidence of racial bias on the tapes which, of course, he doesn't even understand because he doesn't want to because of his all too obvious racist bias.. There's a ton of carefully documented and well - reasoned explanations on all of my posts - just read them, and read some of his, like the utter crap he just wrote and make up your own minds which one of us knows what he's talking about and has the brains to back it up with the facts. Here's the link to my posts on the other petition site that he's referring to.......

Justice For Trayvon: Repeal "Stand Your Ground" Laws In All 25 States

Also, read his imbecilic comments on this site, which I didn't even bother to comment at all on, but, since he posted this garbage about me, I'm gonna let him have it. Notice how he talks about killing people. It doesn't even occur to this moron that two guys with knives might very very stab him before he even gets to pull little toy, especially if they think he might be carrying.