We’re Eating Pangolins Off the Face of the Earth

While we’ve been focused on the poaching crisis that’s threatening the future for charismatic animals like elephants, rhinos and tigers, another species now faces the threat of extinction thanks to human appetites and could disappear before most people even hear of it.

The pangolin, which includes eight species who live in Africa and Asia, are unique little creatures in a number of ways. They’ve been described as walking artichokes and because they’re insectivores they’ve been dubbed “scaly anteaters.” These toothless animals are also the only mammal covered in true scales, which are made of keratin, and the the fact that they walk like a miniature T. rex only adds to their charm.

Unfortunately, these curious creatures are being hunted to the brink for both their meat, which is considered a delicacy by the affluent, and for their scales, which are believed to have medicinal properties.

Even with protection and international trade bans in place, pangolins are still widely traded illegally on the black market. Just days ago, 1.4 tons of pangolin scales were seized by officials in Vietnam and are believed by customs officials to have come from as many as 10,000 animals.

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Species Survival Commission (SSC) Pangolin Specialist Group, more than one million pangolins are estimated to have been taken from the wild over the past decade alone, which has made them the most illegally traded wild mammal in the world.

Until this week, only two species had been listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as endangered, while the remaining four were listed as threatened and species of least concern. Now they’ve all been upgraded over concerns that their populations are plummeting. Chinese and Sunda pangolins are now listed as “Critically Endangered,” while the Indian and Philippine pangolins are “Endangered” and all four species in Africa are listed as “Vulnerable.”

In an effort to get immediate conservation work going, the Pangolin Specialist Group also published a new action plan this week, ‘Scaling Up Pangolin Conservation,’ that outlines steps that need to be taken now to to stop the illegal trade and keep pangolins from disappearing forever.

Among many measures it hopes to see completed, the group has recommended stronger tracking of pangolin parts, more studies to get a better understanding of pangolins and their movements in the wild and working with local communities to ensure they don’t have to turn to poaching to survive.

What the group believes is the single most important step to conserving these species is reducing the demand for their meat and scales in China and Vietnam, which it hopes to do through awareness campaigns and by engaging the conservation community to help spread the word and change opinions.

“In the 21st Century we really should not be eating species to extinction there is simply no excuse for allowing this illegal trade to continue,” Professor Jonathan Baillie, Co-Chair of the IUCN SSC Pangolin Specialist Group and Conservation Programmes Director at ZSL, said in a statement.

For more info on how to help pangolins, visit pangolins.org.

Photo credit: Thinkstock


Sandra V
Sandra Vito5 months ago


Deborah W.
Effra W2 years ago

Shocking. World, please go vegan. Thanks.

Melania Padilla
Melania Padilla2 years ago

They are so cute! Blame the chinese and their stupid "medicine". Bastards! Because of them tigers, elephants, rhinos and more species are in danger.

Jim Ven
Jim Ven2 years ago

thanks for the article.

rosemary weston
rosemary weston3 years ago

don't start throwing stones if you or your country lives in a glass house!

Dominic C.
Dominic C3 years ago

South East Asia is a main culprit. Many of these poached Pangolins are destined for the Chinese market for aphrodisiacs and just "wild" food on the table. Pangolins are important creatures in the ecosystem. They control termites and ants.

Lisa D.
Lisa D3 years ago

What a horrible culture Asia have with eating almost anything!

John S.
John S3 years ago

Asia is an unmitigated disaster for wildlife.

Stella Gambardella
Stella G3 years ago

Anche in questo caso l'ignoranza la fà da padrone. Siamo un'altra volta vicini all'estinzione di una specie animale, la lista continua ad allungarsi. L'uomo continua a saccheggiare a piene mani, che vergogna. Non sappiamo convivere, ma soltanto sopraffare.

Alexandra G.
Alexandra G3 years ago

sad :(