World’s Most Endangered Cat Saved From Extinction? (Video)

Three cats from the world’s most endangered species have been released into the wild in Spain from a captive breeding program.

The Iberian lynx, once widespread across Spain and Portugal, were down to just 100 by 2005 — there were 4,000 in 1960. Scientists were forced to take drastic action and captured many from the wild population and put them in a captive breeding program.

Miguel Simon, director of the Lynx Life project, said:

“The situation was really dramatic: there were only two populations left in the wild. In order to preserve this species, we had to create a captive population in case the wild population became extinct.”

That breeding program has proved successful and the early April release is the first of several planned for this year.

The cat’s decline was down to habitat loss, poisoning, road casualties, feral dogs and poaching. Its habitat loss is due mainly to infrastructure improvement, urban and resort development and tree monocultivation, which serves to break the lynx’s distribution area. It has also suffered the loss of its main food source: rabbits, which were wiped out by disease.

Due to work protecting the habitat over the past decade, the wild population is now believed to be up to 300.

The three lynx were released in early April into a protected area in Sierra Morena, a hilly, forested region, packed with shade for the cats to sleep in when the sun becomes unbearably hot — and it has plenty of rabbits.

The Lynx Life team admits that radical intervention like this is a last resort. But if it works, these cats could be the first of many to roam free once again.

If the lynx went extinct it would be the first cat extinction (that we know of) since that of the saber-toothed cat at the end of the ice age.

Watch ‘SOS Lynx – The fight to save the Iberian Lynx’:

  • SOSLynx is an independent campaign organization set up in 2000 to promote the conservation of the Iberian Lynx, and works at local and international levels.

Related stories:

Hero Uses Pocket Knife to Free Trapped Lynx in Canadian Wilderness

5 Things You Need to Know About Wildlife Corridors

One Fifth Of Animals Face Extinction


Picture by Nutxlago


Sue H.
.5 years ago

Just love a little good news. They have a long way to go, but are on the right track.

Mark Jones
Mark Jones5 years ago

I'm confused? The headline says "world's most endangered cat", but the first sentence says "world's most endangered species". Which is correct?
Neither actually. Nice job on the release, but at least get the facts right. The world's most endangered cat is the Amur Leopard, about 30 individuals remain.

Anita Wischhusen
Anita Wisch5 years ago

I have been VERY close to one of these majestic animals, and it would be a SHAME to lose them.

E A.
Ei R5 years ago

Thank you for making a difference.

Cora B.
Cora Bird5 years ago

Beautiful big cat. Thanks so much to SOSLynx for their efforts to save these beautiful creatures.

Carolanne Powell
Carolanne Powell5 years ago

Wot stunning cats these iberian lynx are. Please don't let them become extinct....

Jana Repova
Jana Repova5 years ago

Very beautiful cat!

Elaine Metz
Elaine Metz5 years ago

Beautiful animal, good job

Sofia Natsis
Sofia Natsis5 years ago

Thank you for saving these gorgeous beauties!

Elisabeth T.
Elisabeth T5 years ago

What a gorgeous cat! Thank you...