7 Medical Conditions that May Cause Swollen Fingers

Don’t panic if you have swollen fingers. Most times, they are not anything to worry about. Your fingers may be puffy due to a high-sodium diet or excess heat.

Other times, however, swollen fingers are a sign of a serious medical condition. That’s why you should never ignore them, especially when they’re swollen for a long period. These are some of the serious medical conditions that may cause your fingers to swell.

1. Rheumatoid Arthritis or Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis usually affects older adults, especially women. Rheumatoid arthritis, on the other hand, can affect anyone at any age. These two conditions can cause swelling in your finger joints. You may also experience pain and stiffness.

See a doctor if your fingers are swollen in the joints and are painful.

2. Lymphedema

Lymphedema is a long-term condition where excess fluid accumulates in tissues, causing swelling. You’re more likely to suffer this condition if you’ve had your lymph nodes damaged or removed during cancer treatment.

People with lymphedema also experience numbness in the hand or arm, reduced arm flexibility, swelling, and arching in the arm.

Unfortunately, this condition has no cure, but lymphatic drainage massage helps reduce swelling and fluid buildup.

3. Medications

If you’re taking medications, they may be to blame for your swollen fingers. Diabetes medications, high blood pressure drugs, birth control pills, and steroids can make your fingers puffy.

See your doctor if you suspect that medications are making your fingers puffy.

4. Kidney Problems

Your body can hold on to excess fluids in your arms, fingers, legs and ankles when your kidneys don’t function optimally.

Note that people with diabetes and high blood pressure are more likely to have swollen fingers since these conditions trigger kidney problems.

5. Raynaud’s Disease

This little-known condition affects up to 10 percent of Americans. Unfortunately, only one in ten people seek treatment.

Raynaud’s disease occurs when blood vessels overreact to cold, making them narrow or shutting them down. As a result, fingers and toes swell.

This condition doesn’t have a cure, but you can manage the symptoms through regular exercise, avoiding smoking, reducing caffeine and alcohol intake and managing stress.

6. Scleroderma

Scleroderma is an autoimmune disease that affects your body by hardening connective tissue.

Swollen fingers and hands are one of the early signs of scleroderma. You may also experience stiffness and tightness in your hands. Most times, swelling occurs in the morning due to muscle inactivity at night.

Seeking treatment early will help prevent this condition from getting worse.

7. Gout

Did you know that gout can affect any joint? However, it mostly affects the toes, finger, ankles, and knees. Once considered “a rich man’s disease”, because it mostly afflicted those who could afford seafood, alcohol and meat, nowadays, it affects people of all income levels.

Taking medications can relieve the symptoms during an attack and prevent further attacks.

Most times, swollen fingers are not a sign of a serious condition, but don’t ignore the problem if it lasts more than a week.


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Graham P
Graham P14 days ago

Thanks very interesting.

Lesa D
Lesa D14 days ago

thank you Brian...

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Paulo R14 days ago


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Lisa M14 days ago