No Substitute for Bumblebees, Study Shows

by Christine Lepisto, Treehugger

The wonder of bumblebees laden with pollen apparently defying gravity as they forage through the summer air increasingly belongs to the tales we tell our children about these amazing creatures rather than to their own experience. As bee populations collapse, some have thought that other species of smaller bees can take over the work of the bumblebees.

But that appears to be a false hope. It turns out that smaller bees actually rob the plants of pollen, which is an important protein source for the bees’ offspring, but fail to incidentally transfer the pollen from the male to the female parts of the plants.

“We were surprised to find that some of the small pollinators were actually detrimental to the plants they visited, rather than beneficial,” reports Matt Koski, the lead author in a team of University of Virginia and College of Wooster (Ohio) biologists who studied the visits of several species of bees to plants ranging from Alabama to Minnesota.

Bumblebees earn their name from the loud hum they generate, which actually arises from their secret tool for harvesting pollen. Plants often stash their pollen away to make it difficult for bees to access. The bumblebee produces high-frequency vibrations that effectively blast the pollen out of storage where it clings to the bees’ fuzzy hairs.

The UVA team tracked the grains of pollen transported away and the pollen deposited by bumblebees, a medium sized bee species, and two smaller species of bees. They found that the bumblebees often left some pollen behind where it could fertilize the flowers, paying for their meals by helping the flowers to create seeds. Importantly, bumblebees frequently visited the female phase of the flowers, improving the fertilization efficiency.

Conversely, the medium size and smaller bees acted as “pollen thieves.” They took away pollen without succeeding to transfer it to the plants’ stigmas; as a result, their visits actually reduced the plants’ fertility. Once the pollen has been “stolen,” the plants potentially have lost their chances to successfully produce seeds.

This study points to the need to conserve important pollinator species by protecting their habitat, reducing pesticide threats, and by controlling both climate change and the introduction of invasive species.

Image via Thinkstock

46 comments

Jeff I
Jeff Idso4 months ago

Please don't use pesticides and buy organic plants. The bees need us to be smart consumers!

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Madison I
Madison Idso4 months ago

We need nature so stop urban sprawl. It is the demise of the world. Think about it please!

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Ben O
Ben O4 months ago

Will we ever learn about the importance of bumblebees...???

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Clare O
Clare O4 months ago

leave clean water out in your garden.

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Clare O
Clare O4 months ago

Bumblebees were imported to new Zealand to fertilise the imported red/ purple clover. Honey bees can pollinate white clover but not red.

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Pietro Maiorana
Pietro Maiorana4 months ago

Verissimo, niente può sostituirle in natura, nemmeno i robot.

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Janis K
Janis K4 months ago

Thanks for sharing.

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Richard B
Richard B4 months ago

thanks for sharing

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Naomi B
Naomi B4 months ago

Thanks for sharing!

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Peggy B
Peggy B4 months ago

TYFS

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