The Ten Fetters. . . and the Ten Virtues

Practiced regularly, Thai meditations are said to lead to enlightenment by overcoming the Ten Fetters, or negative states of mind. . . and to help generate the Ten Virtues, which can be cultivated at every opportunity!

What are the Ten Fetters? The Ten Virtues? Find out, and be inspired to begin your practice, here:

The Ten Fetters

1. Self-illusion – the belief that your ego is real
2. Ignorance – willfully causing negative mental states
3. Sensual craving – craving after objects which taste, smell, sound, feel, or look good
4. Ill-will – anger, hatred, jealousy, bitterness, etc.
5. Skepticism – doubt (especially self-doubt)
6. Restlessness – inability to sit still and concentrate
7. Conceit – self-centeredness
8. Attachment – to religion and rituals
9. Craving for material existence – desiring endless life on earth, or being afraid to die
10. Craving for non-material existence – desiring to die

The Ten Virtues

1. Generosity
2. Morality
3. Non-attachment
4. Wisdom
5. Energy
6. Patience, tolerance, and forbearance
7. Honesty
8. Determination
9. Loving kindness (metta)
10. Equanimity

Adapted from The Spiritual Healing of Traditional Thailand, by C. Pierce Salguero (Findhorn Press, 2006). Copyright (c) 2006 by C. Pierce Salguero. Reprinted by permission of Findhorn Press.
Adapted from The Spiritual Healing of Traditional Thailand, by C. Pierce Salguero (Findhorn Press, 2006).


Donna Hamilton
Donna H5 years ago


Anastasia J.
Anastasia J6 years ago

Enjoyed the article. Thanks.

peggy p.
peggy p6 years ago

were we all to practice this often, just imagine...

Robert O.
Robert O6 years ago


Jerry t.
Jerold t6 years ago

Wonderful! The world is rich in wisdom if we have the ears to hear.
Thank you Anna.

K s Goh
KS Goh7 years ago

Thanks for the article.

Philippa P.
Philippa P7 years ago

Thanks for the article.

gail d.
gail dair7 years ago

thanks for post

Ellinor S.
Ellinor S8 years ago

thank you

Bonnie M.
Bonnie M8 years ago

Very interesting! As already mentioned, it would have been more helpful if there were a bit more explanation. But- meditation on these will bring clarity.
Thank you.